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General Motors Competes for Stake in Nickel Assets in Race to Secure EV Metals

Tesla has long dominated the electric vehicles (EV) sector thanks in a large part to the company’s vertical integration and ability to maintain control over the supply of the materials that it needs. However, Tesla’s top spot in the market could be compromised as other automakers look to strike deals with key metals suppliers.

Brazilian mining giant Vale SA is looking to separate the metals unit in 2023, which is one of the largest nickel and copper operations, and has already attracted interest from several car companies, including Tesla’s rival General Motors.  

According to Bloomberg, General Motors is one of the companies that has moved to the next phase of obtaining a minority share in Vale’s metals unit, which may raise $2 billion through a partnership with another company for the venture.

This isn’t the first time the two companies have done business. Last year, Vale and GM signed a long-term supply agreement for battery-grade nickel which will see Vale supply 25,000 metric tons annually of contained nickel – enough to supply approximately 350,000 EVs every year –  from its proposed plant in Québec, Canada.

Vale’s metals unit, which is valued at $20-$25 billion, has also garnered interest from Japan’s Mitsui & Co.

Meanwhile several other automakers like Ford and Volkswagen, have signed long-term mineral supply deals to secure materials for their EV batteries. Last year, Volkswagen formed a joint venture worth €3 billion (US$ with Belgium’s Umicore for cathode materials. Meanwhile, Tesla struck nickel and cobalt deals with BHP Group and Glencore, respectively, in 2021. In March of that year, Tesla also entered a mining venture in New Caledonia.

It’s no surprise automakers are racing to secure more nickel supply – Demand for nickel used in EVs is expected to grow up to 40-fold by 2040, according to the International Energy Agency. Meanwhile, Vale sees demand increasing by 44% by 2030 as companies strive to meet clean energy goals.

Rising demand and the supply squeeze has kept nickel prices well above $25,000 per tonne since November and they are expected to remain elevated for the foreseeable future despite increased production from Chinese nickel giant, Tsingshan.

The Nickel Sector Offers Major Opportunities to Investors

In its recent market report, The Oregon Group predicts that pressure on battery-grade nickel supply will increase in the coming years due to the wave of electrification intensifying worldwide.

The Oregon Group is widely regarded as a financial industry authority. Anthony Milewski and Justin Cochrane, two independent capital markets experts, founded this investment research firm.

Milewski has worn many hats in the mining industry, including consultant, founder, financier, and investor.

Milewski and The Oregon Group predict investment in nickel should be pouring into select projects in key jurisdictions as companies and entire countries seek security of supply.

The report, titled The Green Economy and Nickel’s Generational Class I Supply Crunch, examines some of the big trends at play in the nickel sector, including the green economy, energy transition, security of supply, geopolitics, and the disrupting impact of ESG.

Here are some of the key catalysts the report covers:

  • The battery industry is expanding so quickly that all eyes are on Class I nickel supplies. Analyst forecasts differ, but the consensus is for exponential growth. According to Wood Mackenzie, batteries accounted for 7% of overall nickel consumption in 2021 but will increase to 40% by 2040, resulting in a doubling of worldwide nickel demand. This projection, however, does not address the challenges associated with the refining of Class II nickel into Class I nickel. In other words, the market is still dealing with a Class I nickel supply bottleneck; the only issues are how severe it is and how long it will endure.
  • For years, China had little meaningful opposition as it established its supremacy in the battery metals and rare earth supply chains. State-backed enterprises could invest, collaborate, and enter into partnerships as they saw fit to get the necessary resources while making it impossible for competitors to do the same. Finally, the West is waking up at the eleventh hour. As it does so, previously speculative investment prospects are beginning to take shape.
  • With carbon border levies, growing consumer dissatisfaction with items derived from environmentally “dirty” metals, and a variety of other activities, Chinese-controlled nickel is on course to lose some of its price advantages. However, for that to matter, the West requires new sources of supply that meet certain criteria. What’s the good news? It has enormous undeveloped deposits in its own backyard. 

With battery-quality nickel demand expected to expand exponentially in the long run, and limited sources of high-grade supply, The Oregon Group argues that ignoring sulfide resources believed to be “poor grade” may soon become unsustainable in a world thirsty for battery-grade nickel products.

This report provides in-depth analysis of the nickel market, major trends that will impact it over the next decade, and nickel supply and demand dynamics. It also includes a list of nickel investment options including exploration and development companies, ETFs and others.

The Class I nickel deficit is not going away anytime soon and will continue to put upward pressure on prices for some time. If you haven’t already, now is the time to consider becoming involved in the nickel market.

You can read The Oregon Group‘s The Green Economy and Nickel’s Generational Class I Supply Crunch report in its entirety by clicking here.

SOURCE The Oregon Group


1) The author of the Article, or members of the author’s immediate household or family, do not own any securities of the companies set forth in this Article. The author determined which companies would be included in this article based on research and understanding of the sector.

2) The Article was issued on behalf of and sponsored by, The Oregon Group. Market Jar Media Inc. has or expects to receive from The Oregon Group’s Digital Marketing Agency of Record (Native Ads Inc) one thousand five hundred USD for this article.

3) Statements and opinions expressed are the opinions of the author and not Market Jar Media Inc., its directors or officers. The author is wholly responsible for the validity of the statements. The author was not paid by Market Jar Media Inc. for this Article. Market Jar Media Inc. was not paid by the author to publish or syndicate this Article. The information provided above is for informational purposes only and is not a recommendation to buy or sell any security. Market Jar Media Inc. requires contributing authors to disclose any shareholdings in, or economic relationships with, companies that they write about. Market Jar Media Inc. relies upon the authors to accurately provide this information and Market Jar Media Inc. has no means of verifying its accuracy

4) The Article does not constitute investment advice. All investments carry risk and each reader is encouraged to consult with his or her individual financial professional. Any action a reader takes as a result of the information presented here is his or her own responsibility. By opening this page, each reader accepts and agrees to Market Jar Media Inc.’s terms of use and full legal disclaimer as set forth here. This Article is not a solicitation for investment. Market Jar Media Inc. does not render general or specific investment advice and the information on should not be considered a recommendation to buy or sell any security. Market Jar Media Inc. does not endorse or recommend the business, products, services or securities of any company mentioned on

5) Market Jar Media Inc. and its respective directors, officers and employees hold no shares for any company mentioned in the Article.

6) This document contains forward-looking information and forward-looking statements, within the meaning of applicable Canadian securities legislation, (collectively, “forward-looking statements”), which reflect management’s expectations regarding The Oregon Group.’s future growth, future business plans and opportunities, expected activities, and other statements about future events, results or performance. Wherever possible, words such as “predicts”, “projects”, “targets”, “plans”, “expects”, “does not expect”, “budget”, “scheduled”, “estimates”, “forecasts”, “anticipate” or “does not anticipate”, “believe”, “intend” and similar expressions or statements that certain actions, events or results “may”, “could”, “would”, “might” or “will” be taken, occur or be achieved, or the negative or grammatical variation thereof or other variations thereof, or comparable terminology have been used to identify forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements include, among other things, statements relating to: (a) revenue generating potential with respect to The Oregon Group.’s industry; (b) market opportunity; (c) The Oregon Group’s business plans and strategies; (d) services that The Oregon Group intends to offer; (e) The Oregon Groups milestone projections and targets; (f) The Oregon Group’s expectations regarding receipt of approval for regulatory applications; (g) The Oregon Group’s intentions to expand into other jurisdictions including the timeline expectations relating to those expansion plans; and (h) The Oregon Group’s expectations with regarding its ability to deliver shareholder value. Forward-looking statements are not a guarantee of future performance and are based upon a number of estimates and assumptions of management in light of management’s experience and perception of trends, current conditions and expected developments, as well as other factors that management believes to be relevant and reasonable in the circumstances, as of the date of this document including, without limitation, assumptions about: (a) the ability to raise any necessary additional capital on reasonable terms to execute The Oregon Group’s business plan; (b) that general business and economic conditions will not change in a material adverse manner; (c) The Oregon Group’s ability to procure equipment and operating supplies in sufficient quantities and on a timely basis; (d) The Oregon Group’s ability to enter into contractual arrangements with additional Pharmacies; (e) the accuracy of budgeted costs and expenditures; (f) The Oregon Group’s ability to attract and retain skilled personnel; (g) political and regulatory stability; (h) the receipt of governmental, regulatory and third-party approvals, licenses and permits on favorable terms; (i) changes in applicable legislation; (j) stability in financial and capital markets; and (k) expectations regarding the level of disruption to as a result of CV-19. Such forward-looking information involves a variety of known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors which may cause the actual plans, intentions, activities, results, performance or achievements of The Oregon Group to be materially different from any future plans, intentions, activities, results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. Such risks include, without limitation: (a) The Oregon Group’s operations could be adversely affected by possible future government legislation, policies and controls or by changes in applicable laws and regulations; (b) public health crises such as CV-19 may adversely impact The Oregon Group’s business; (c) the volatility of global capital markets; (d) political instability and changes to the regulations governing The Oregon Group’s business operations (e) The Oregon Group may be unable to implement its growth strategy; and (f) increased competition.

Except as required by law, The Oregon Group undertakes no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future event or otherwise, after the date on which the statements are made or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events. Neither does The Oregon Group nor any of its representatives make any representation or warranty, express or implied, as to the accuracy, sufficiency or completeness of the information in this document. Neither The Oregon Group nor any of its representatives shall have any liability whatsoever, under contract, tort, trust or otherwise, to you or any person resulting from the use of the information in this document by you or any of your representatives or for omissions from the information in this document.

7) Any graphs, tables or other information demonstrating the historical performance or current or historical attributes of The Oregon Group or any other entity contained in this document are intended only to illustrate historical performance or current or historical attributes of The Oregon Group or such entities and are not necessarily indicative of future performance of The Oregon Group or such entities.

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