FORM 10-Q
Table of Contents

 

 

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM 10-Q

 

 

 

x Quarterly Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2013

OR

 

¨ Transition Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the transition period from                      to                     

Commission File Number 0-14492

 

 

FARMERS & MERCHANTS BANCORP, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

OHIO   34-1469491

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S Employer

Identification No.)

307 North Defiance Street, Archbold, Ohio   43502
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

(419) 446-2501

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code

 

(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report.)

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    x  Yes    ¨  No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer   ¨    Accelerated filer   x
Non-accelerated filer   ¨  (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)    Smaller reporting company   ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    ¨  Yes    x  No

Indicate the number of shares of each of the issuers classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date:

 

Common Stock, No Par Value   4,679,938
Class   Outstanding as of April 25, 2013

 

 

 


Table of Contents

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10Q

FARMERS & MERCHANTS BANCORP, INC.

INDEX

 

Form 10-Q Items        Page  

PART I.

 

FINANCIAL INFORMATION

  

Item 1.

 

Financial Statements (Unaudited)

  
 

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets- March 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012

     1   
 

Condensed Consolidated Statement Income & Comprehensive Income Three Months Ended March 31, 2013 and March 31, 2012

     2   
 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows- Three Months Ended March 31, 2013 and March 31, 2012

     3   
 

Notes to Condensed Financial Statements

     4-15   

Item 2.

 

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

     15-25   

Item 3.

 

Qualitative and Quantitative Disclosures About Market Risk

     26   

Item 4.

 

Controls and Procedures

     26   

PART II.

 

OTHER INFORMATION

  

Item 1.

 

Legal Proceedings

     27   

Item 1A.

 

Risk Factors

     27   

Item 2.

 

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

     27   

Item 3.

 

Defaults Upon Senior Securities

     27   

Item 4.

 

Mine Safety Disclosures

     27   

Item 5.

 

Other Information

     27   

Item 6.

 

Exhibits

     27   

Signatures

       28-32   

Exhibit 31.

 

Certifications Under Section 302

  

Exhibit 32.

 

Certifications Under Section 906

  

Exhibit 101.INS

 

XBRL Instance Document (1)

  

Exhibit 101.SCH

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document (1)

  

Exhibit 101.CAL

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document (1)

  

Exhibit 101.DEF

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document (1)

  

Exhibit 101.LAB

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document (1)

  

Exhibit 101.PRE

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document (1)

  

 

(1) Pursuant to Rule 406T of Regulation S-T, the interactive Data Files in Exhibit 101 hereto are deemed not filed or part of a registration statement or prospectus for purposes of Sections 11 or 12 of the Securities act of 1933, as amended, are deemed not filed for purposes of Section 18 of the Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and otherwise are not subject to liability under those sections.


Table of Contents

ITEM 1 FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FARMERS & MERCHANTS BANCORP, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(Unaudited)

(in thousands of dollars)

 

     March 31, 2013     December 31, 2012  

ASSETS:

    

Cash and due from banks

   $ 12,404      $ 25,620   

Interest bearing deposits with banks

     11,323        11,941   

Federal funds sold

     33,802        6,531   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total cash and cash equivalents

     57,529        44,092   

Securities - available for sale (Note 2)

     360,821        355,905   

Other Securities, at cost

     4,216        4,365   

Loans, net (Note 4)

     479,484        496,178   

Bank premises and equipment

     17,722        17,599   

Goodwill

     4,074        4,074   

Mortgage Servicing Rights, net

     2,042        2,047   

Other Real Estate Owned

     2,226        2,310   

Accrued interest and other assets

     21,046        20,090   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

TOTAL ASSETS

   $ 949,160      $ 946,660   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY

    

LIABILITIES:

    

Deposits:

    

Noninterest bearing

   $ 99,027      $ 103,966   

Interest bearing

    

NOW accounts

     213,376        196,971   

Savings

     198,188        192,808   

Time

     261,855        269,507   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total deposits

     772,446        763,252   

Federal funds purchased and securities sold under agreement to repurchase

     49,087        51,312   

FHLB Advances

     7,100        11,600   

Dividend Payable

     931        931   

Accrued expenses and other liabilities

     8,963        9,326   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Liabilities

     838,527        836,421   

SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY:

    

Common stock, no par value - authorized 6,500,000 shares; issued & outstanding 5,200,000 shares

     12,677        12,677   

Treasury Stock - 519,902 shares 2013, 515,942 shares 2012

     (10,674     (10,588

Unearned Stock Awards 30,210 shares 2013, 30,670 shares 2012

     (575     (584

Retained Earnings

     103,862        102,641   

Accumulated other comprehensive income

     5,343        6,093   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Shareholders’ Equity

     110,633        110,239   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

TOTAL LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY

   $ 949,160      $ 946,660   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Unaudited Financial Statements.

Note: The December 31, 2012 Balance Sheet has been derived from the audited financial statements of that date.

 

1


Table of Contents

FARMERS & MERCHANTS BANCORP, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF INCOME & COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

(Unaudited)

(in thousands of dollars, except per share data)

 

     Three Months Ended  
     March 31, 2013     March 31, 2012  

INTEREST INCOME:

    

Loans, including fees

   $ 6,078      $ 6,797   

Debt Securities:

    

U.S. Treasury securities

     61        81   

Securities of U.S. Government Agencies

     992        1,025   

Municipalities

     508        510   

Dividends

     49        49   

Federal funds sold

     7        7   

Other

     7        7   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Interest Income

     7,702        8,476   

INTEREST EXPENSE:

    

Deposits

     1,127        1,439   

Federal Funds purchased and securities sold under agreements to repurchase

     60        61   

Borrowed funds

     46        124   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Interest Expense

     1,233        1,624   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

NET INTEREST INCOME BEFORE PROVISION FOR LOAN LOSSES

     6,469        6,852   

PROVISION FOR LOAN LOSSES (Note 4)

     167        128   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

NET INTEREST INCOME AFTER PROVISION FOR LOAN LOSSES

     6,302        6,724   

NONINTEREST INCOME

    

Customer service fees

     1,361        1,324   

Other service charges and fees

     862        758   

Net gain (loss) on sale of other assets owned

     (16     (67

Net gain on sale of loans

     480        161   

Net gain on sale of securities

     221        169   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Noninterest Income

     2,908        2,345   

NONINTEREST EXPENSE

    

Salaries and wages

     2,437        2,286   

Pension and other employee benefits

     844        828   

Occupancy expense (net)

     330        405   

Furniture and Equipment

     349        352   

Data processing

     310        265   

Franchise Taxes

     255        237   

FDIC Assessment

     119        130   

Mortgage servicing rights amortization

     137        194   

Other general and administrative

     1,345        1,158   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Noninterest Expense

     6,126        5,855   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

INCOME BEFORE FEDERAL INCOME TAX

     3,084        3,214   

FEDERAL INCOME TAXES

     932        930   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

NET INCOME

   $ 2,152      $ 2,284   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (NET OF TAX):

    

Unrealized gains (loss) on securities

   $ (750   $ 5,605   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

   $ 1,402      $ 7,889   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

NET INCOME PER SHARE

   $ 0.46      $ 0.48   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Weighted Average Shares Outstanding

     4,683,659        4,714,197   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

DIVIDENDS DECLARED

   $ 0.20      $ 0.19   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Unaudited Financial Statements.

 

2


Table of Contents

FARMERS & MERCHANTS BANCORP, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(Unaudited)

(in thousands of dollars)

 

     Three Months Ended  
     March 31, 2013     March 31, 2012  

CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:

    

Net income

   $ 2,152      $ 2,284   

Adjustments to Reconcile Net Income to Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities:

    

Depreciation

     304        289   

Accretion and amortization of securities

     635        785   

Amortization of servicing rights

     137        194   

Amortization of core deposit intangible

     78        78   

Stock Based Compensation

     46        45   

Provision for loan losses

     167        128   

Gain on sale of loans held for sale

     (480     (161

Originations of loans held for sale

     (24,051     (27,634

Proceeds from sale of loans held for sale

     27,412        29,920   

Loss on sale of other assets

     16        67   

Gain on sale of investment securities

     (221     (169

Change in Operating Assets and Liabilities, net

     (641     (1,794
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities

     5,554        4,032   

CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES

    

Activity in securities:

    

Maturities, prepayments and calls

     13,402        12,614   

Sales

     35,131        24,584   

Purchases

     (54,850     (56,500

Proceeds from sale of assets

     —          —     

Additions to premises and equipment

     (427     (188

Loan originations and principal collections, net

     13,166        10,620   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net Cash (Used) in Investing Activities

     6,422        (8,870

CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES

    

Net increase (decrease) in deposits

     9,194        24,439   

Net change in short-term debt

     (2,225     (2,367

Repayments of long-term debt

     (4,500     (17

Purchase of Treasury stock

     (77     (233

Cash dividends paid on common stock

     (931     (890
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net Cash Provided (Used) by Financing Activities

     1,461        20,932   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net (Decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

     13,437        16,094   

Cash and cash equivalents - Beginning of year

     44,092        37,026   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents - End of period

   $ 57,529      $ 59,237   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

RECONCILIATION OF CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS:

    

Cash and cash due from banks

   $ 12,404      $ 12,060   

Interest bearing deposits with banks

     11,323        16,121   

Federal funds sold

     33,802        31,056   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash at end of period

   $ 57,529      $ 59,237   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Supplemental Information

    

Cash paid during the period for:

    

Interest

   $ 1,212      $ 1,632   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income Taxes

   $ —        $ 426   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Noncash investing activities:

    

Transfer of loans to other real estate owned

   $ 75      $ 150   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Unaudited Financial Statements.

 

3


Table of Contents

ITEM 1 NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED UNAUDITED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

NOTE 1 BASIS OF PRESENTATION

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles for interim financial information and with the instructions for Form 10Q and Rule 10-01 of Regulation S-X; accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by generally accepted accounting principles for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring accruals, considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included. Operating results for the three months ended March 31, 2013 are not necessarily indicative of the results that are expected for the year ended December 31, 2013. For further information, refer to the consolidated financial statements and footnotes thereto included in the Company’s annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2012.

NOTE 2 FAIR VALUE OF INSTRUMENTS

FAIR VALUE OF FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS

Fair values of financial instruments are management’s estimate of the values at which the instruments could be exchanged in a transaction between willing parties. These estimates are subjective and may vary significantly from amounts that would be realized in actual transactions. In addition, other significant assets are not considered financial assets including deferred tax assets, premises, equipment and intangibles. Further, the tax ramifications related to the realization of the unrealized gains and losses can have a significant effect on the fair value estimates and have not been considered in any of the estimates.

The following assumptions and methods were used in estimating the fair value for financial instruments.

Cash and Cash Equivalents

The carrying amounts reported in the balance sheet for cash, cash equivalents and federal funds sold approximate their fair values. Also included in this line item are the carrying amounts of interest-bearing deposits maturing within ninety days which approximate their fair values. Fair values of other interest-bearing deposits are estimated using discounted cash flow analyses based on current rates for similar types of deposits.

Securities

Fair values for securities, excluding Federal Home Loan Bank stock, are based on quoted market price, where available. If quoted market prices are not available, fair values are based on quoted market prices of comparable instruments.

Other Securities

The carrying value of Federal Home Loan Bank stock, listed as “other securities”, approximates fair value based on the redemption provisions of the Federal Home Loan Bank.

Loans

For those variable-rate loans that re-price frequently, and with no significant change in credit risk, fair values are based on carrying values. The fair values of the fixed rate and all other loans are estimated using discounted cash flow analysis, using interest rates currently being offered for loans with similar terms to borrowers with similar credit quality.

Deposits - Interest Bearing, Non-interest Bearing and Time

The fair values disclosed for deposits with no defined maturities are equal to their carrying amounts, which represent the amount payable on demand. The carrying amounts for variable-rate, fixed term money market accounts and certificates of deposit approximate their fair value at the reporting date. Fair value for fixed-rate certificates of deposit are estimated using a discounted cash flow analysis that applies interest rates currently being offered on certificates to a schedule of aggregated expected monthly maturities on time deposits.

Short-Term Borrowings

The carrying value of short-term borrowings approximates fair values.

FHLB Advances

Fair values of FHLB advances are estimated using discounted cash flow analysis based on the Company’s current incremental borrowing rates for similar types or borrowing arrangements.

 

4


Table of Contents

ITEM 1 NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED UNAUDITED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

FAIR VALUE OF FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS (Continued)

 

Accrued Interest Receivable and Payable

The carrying amounts of accrued interest approximate their fair values.

Dividends Payable

The carrying amounts of dividends payable approximate their fair values and are generally paid within forty days of declaration.

Off Balance Sheet Financial Instruments

Fair values for off-balance sheet, credit related financial instruments are based on fees currently charged to enter into similar agreements, taking into account the remaining terms of the agreements and the counter- parties’ credit standing.

The estimated fair values, and related carrying or notional amounts, for on and off-balance sheet financial instruments as of March 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012 are reflected below.

 

     (In Thousands)  
     March 2013  
     Carrying
Amount
     Fair
Value
     Level 1      Level 2      Level 3  

Financial Assets:

              

Cash and Cash Equivalents

   $ 57,529       $ 57,529       $  57,529       $ —         $ —     

Securities - available for sale

     360,821         360,821         26,239         323,333         11,249   

Other Securities

     4,216         4,216         —           —           4,216   

Loans, net

     479,484         486,768         —           —           486,768   

Interest receivable

     4,322         4,322         —           —           4,322   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total Assets

   $ 906,372       $ 913,656       $ 83,768       $ 323,333       $ 506,555   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Financial Liabilities:

              

Interest bearing Deposits

   $ 411,564       $ 412,512       $ —         $ —         $ 412,512   

Non-interest bearing Deposits

     99,027         99,662         —           99,662         —     

Time Deposits

     261,855         263,574         —           —           263,574   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total Deposits

   $ 772,446       $ 775,748       $ —         $ 99,662       $ 676,086   

Short-term debt

     49,087         49,087         —           —           49,087   

Federal Home Loan Bank advances

     7,100         6,610         —           —           6,610   

Interest payable

     287         287         —           —           287   

Dividends payable

     931         931         —           931         —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total Liabilities

   $ 829,851       $ 832,663       $ —         $ 100,593       $ 732,070   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

     (In Thousands)  
     December 2012  
     Carrying
Amount
     Fair
Value
     Level 1      Level 2      Level 3  

Financial Assets:

              

Cash and Cash Equivalents

   $ 44,092       $ 44,092       $  44,092       $ —         $ —     

Securities - available for sale

     355,905         355,905         10,568         328,929         16,408   

Other Securities

     4,365         4,365         —           —           4,365   

Loans, net

     496,178         501,160         —           —           501,160   

Interest receivable

     3,603         3,603         —           —           3,603   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total Assets

   $ 904,143       $ 909,125       $ 54,660       $ 328,929       $ 525,536   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Financial Liabilities:

              

Interest bearing Deposits

   $ 389,779       $ 390,066       $ —         $ —         $ 390,066   

Non-interest bearing Deposits

     103,966         104,529         —           104,529         —     

Time Deposits

     269,507         272,591         —           —           272,591   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total Deposits

   $ 763,252       $ 767,186       $ —         $ 104,529       $ 662,657   

Short-term debt

     51,312         51,312         —           —           51,312   

Federal Home Loan Bank advances

     11,600         11,012         —           —           11,012   

Interest payable

     288         288         —           —           288   

Dividends payable

     931         931         —           931         —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total Liabilities

   $ 827,383       $ 830,729       $ —         $ 105,460       $ 725,269   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

5


Table of Contents

ITEM 1 NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED UNAUDITED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

FAIR VALUE OF FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS (Continued)

 

Fair Value Measurements

In general, fair values determined by Level 1 inputs use quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities in active markets that the Company has the ability to access.

Available-for-sale securities- When quoted prices are available in an active market, securities are valued using the quoted price and are classified as Level 1. The quoted prices are not adjusted.

Fair values determined by Level 2 inputs use other inputs that are observable, either directly or indirectly. These Level 2 inputs include quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets, and other inputs such as interest rates and yield curves that are observable at commonly quoted intervals.

Available-for-sale securities classified as Level 2 are valued using the prices obtained from an independent pricing service. The prices are not adjusted. Securities of obligations of state and political subdivisions are valued using a type of matrix, or grid, pricing in which securities are benchmarked against the treasury rate based on credit rating. Substantially all assumptions used by the independent pricing service are observable in the marketplace, can be derived from observable data, or are supported by observable levels at which transactions are executed in the market place.

Level 3 inputs are unobservable inputs, including inputs that are available in situations where there is little, if any, market activity for the related asset or liability. Local municipals have been purchased that the Bank evaluates based on the credit strength of the underlying project such as the hospital or retirement home. The fair value is determined by valuing similar credit payment streams at similar rates.

In instances where inputs used to measure fair value fall into different levels in the above fair value hierarchy, fair value measurements in their entirety are categorized based on the lowest level input that is significant to the valuation. The Company’s assessment of the significance of particular inputs to these fair value measurements requires judgment and considers factors specific to each asset.

The following summarizes financial assets measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of March 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012, segregated by level or the valuation inputs within the fair value hierarchy utilized to measure fair value:

 

     Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis  

(In Thousands)

March 31, 2013

   Quoted Prices in Active
Markets for Identical
Assets (Level 1)
     Significant
Observable Inputs
(Level 2)
     Significant
Unobservable Inputs

(Level 3)
 

Assets-Securities Available for Sale

        

U.S. Treasury

   $  26,239       $ —         $ —     

U.S. Government agency

     —           216,549         —     

Mortgage-backed securities

     —           49,696         —     

State and local governments

     —           57,088       $  11,249   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total Securities Available for Sale

   $ 26,239       $ 323,333       $ 11,249   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(In Thousands)

December 31, 2012

   Quoted Prices in Active
Markets for Identical
Assets (Level 1)
     Significant
Observable Inputs
(Level 2)
     Significant
Unobservable Inputs

(Level 3)
 

Assets-Securities Available for Sale

        

U.S. Treasury

   $  10,568       $ —         $ —     

U.S. Government agency

     —           220,200         —     

Mortgage-backed securities

     —           53,006         —     

State and local governments

     —           55,723         16,408   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total Securities Available for Sale

   $ 10,568       $ 328,929       $  16,408   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Most of the Company’s available for sale securities, including any bonds issued by local municipalities, have CUSIP numbers or have similar characteristics of those in the municipal markets, making them marketable and comparable as Level 2.

The Company also has assets that, under certain conditions, are subject to measurement at fair value on a non-recurring basis. At March 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012, such assets consist primarily of impaired loans. Impaired loans categorized as Level 3 assets consist of non-homogeneous loans that are considered impaired. The Company estimates the fair value of the loans based on the present value of expected future cash flows using management’s best estimate of key assumptions. These assumptions include future payment ability, timing of payment streams, and estimated realizable values of available collateral (typically based on outside appraisals.)

At March 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012, impaired loans categorized as Level 3 were $4.1 and $4.6 million, respectively.

The specific allocation for impaired loans was $860 and $865 thousand as of March 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012, respectively, which are accounted for in the allowance for loan losses (see Note 4).

Other real estate is reported at either the lower of the fair value of the real estate minus the estimated costs to sell the asset or the cost of the asset. The determination of fair value of the real estate relies primarily on appraisals from

 

6


Table of Contents

ITEM 1 NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED UNAUDITED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

FAIR VALUE OF FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS (Continued)

 

Fair Value Measurements (Continued)

 

third parties. If the fair value of the real estate, minus the estimated costs to sell the asset, is less than the asset’s cost, the deficiency is recognized as a valuation allowance against the asset through a charge to expense. The valuation allowance is therefore increased or decreased, through charges or credits to expense, for changes in the asset’s fair value or estimated selling costs.

The following table presents impaired loans and other real estate owned as recorded at fair value on March 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012:

 

    Assets Measured at Fair Value on a Nonrecurring Basis at  March 31, 2013        
(in Thousands)   Balance at
March 31, 2013
    Quoted Prices in Active
Markets for

Identical
Assets (Level 1)
    Significant
Observable Inputs
(Level 2)
    Significant
Unobservable  Inputs

(Level 3)
    Change in
fair value for
three-month period
ended March 31, 2013
 

Impaired loans

  $ 4,144      $  —        $  —        $ 4,144      $  (20

Other real estate owned - residential mortgages

  $ 817      $ —        $ —        $ 817      $  —     

Other real estate owned - commercial

  $ 1,409      $ —        $ —        $ 1,409      $ —     
         

 

 

 
          $  (20
         

 

 

 

 

    Assets Measured at Fair Value on a Nonrecurring Basis at December 31, 2012        
(in Thousands)   Balance at
December 31, 2012
    Quoted Prices in Active
Markets for

Identical
Assets (Level 1)
    Significant
Observable Inputs
(Level 2)
    Significant
Unobservable  Inputs

(Level 3)
    Change in
fair value for
twelve-month period
ended Dec. 31, 2012
 

Impaired loans

  $ 4,591      $  —        $  —        $ 4,591      $ (76

Other real estate owned - residential mortgages

  $ 783      $ —        $ —        $ 783      $ (62

Other real estate owned commercial

  $ 1,526      $ —        $ —        $ 1,526      $ (214
         

 

 

 
          $ (352
         

 

 

 

The Company also has other assets, which under certain conditions, are subject to measurement at fair value. These assets include loans held for sale, bank owned life insurance, and mortgage servicing rights. The Company estimated the fair values of these assets utilizing Level 3 inputs, including, the discounted present value of expected future cash flows. At March 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012, the Company estimates that there is no impairment of these assets, with the exception of mortgage servicing rights. Mortgage servicing rights recognized impairment in one stratum with a charge of $16 thousand in 2012 to expense with the impairment remaining, however unchanged, as of March 31, 2013. Therefore, no impairment charge to other expense was required to adjust these assets to their estimated fair values.

NOTE 3 ASSET PURCHASE

In connection with a December 31, 2007 Knisely acquisition, the Company recognized a core deposit intangible asset of $1.1 million, which is being amortized on a straight line basis over 7 years, which represents the estimated remaining economic useful life of the deposits.

The Company also recognized core deposit intangible assets of $1.09 million with the purchase of the Hicksville office on July 9, 2010. These are being amortized over an estimated remaining economic useful life of the deposits of 7 years on a straight line basis.

The amortization expense for the year ended December 31, 2012 was $312 thousand. Of the $313 thousand to be expensed in 2013, $78 thousand has been expensed as of March 31, 2013.

 

     (In Thousands)         
     Knisely      Hicksville      Total  

2013

   $  157       $ 156       $ 313   

2014

     157         156         313   

2015

     —           155         155   

2016

     —           155         155   

2017

     —           77         77   

Thereafter

     —           —           —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 314       $ 699       $ 1,013   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

7


Table of Contents

ITEM 1 NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED UNAUDITED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

NOTE 4 LOANS

 

NOTE 4 LOANS

The Company had $350.9 thousand in loans held for sale as of March 31, 2013 as compared to $2.5 million in loans held for sale on December 31, 2012.

Due to lack of materiality, these loans are included in the Consumer Real Estate loans below.

Loan balances as of March 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012:

 

     (In Thousands)  

Loans:

   March 31, 2013     December 31, 2012  

Commercial real estate

   $ 209,601      $ 199,999   

Agricultural real estate

     35,898        40,143   

Consumer real estate

     77,160        80,287   

Commercial and industrial

     89,779        101,624   

Agricultural

     51,896        57,770   

Consumer

     19,489        20,413   

Industrial Development Bonds

     1,202        1,299   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
   $ 485,025      $ 501,535   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Less: Net deferred loan fees and costs

     (197     (133
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
     484,828        501,402   

Less: Allowance for loan losses

     (5,344     (5,224
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Loans - Net

   $ 479,484      $ 496,178   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

The following is a maturity schedule by major category of loans as of March 31, 2013:

 

     (In Thousands)  
     Within
One Year
     After One
Year Within
Five Years
     After
Five Years
 

Commercial Real Estate

   $ 44,598       $ 98,274       $ 66,729   

Agricultural Real Estate

     2,499         9,169         24,230   

Consumer Real Estate

     9,244         14,815         53,101   

Commercial/Industrial

     61,763         24,744         3,272   

Agricultural

     30,669         18,996         2,231   

Consumer

     4,898         12,602         1,792   

Industrial Development Bonds

     320         490         392   

The distribution of fixed rate loans and variable rate loans by major loan category is as follows as of March 31, 2013. Variable rate loans whose current rates are equal to their floor or ceiling are classified as fixed in this table.

 

     (In Thousands)  
     Fixed
Rate
     Variable
Rate
 

Commercial Real Estate

   $ 114,221       $ 95,380   

Agricultural Real Estate

     26,672         9,226   

Consumer Real Estate

     62,672         14,488   

Commercial/Industrial

     67,170         22,609   

Agricultural

     48,375         3,521   

Consumer

     15,206         4,086   

Industrial Development Bonds

     1,202         —     

As of March 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012 one to four family residential mortgage loans amounting to $25.6 and $26.8 million, respectively, have been pledged as security for loans the Bank has received from the Federal Home Loan Bank.

The percentage of delinquent loans has trended downward since the beginning of January 2010 from a high of 2.85% of total loans to a low of .64% as of March 31, 2012. As of March 31, 2013, past dues were 1.21%. These percentages do not include nonaccrual loans which are not past due (nonaccruals are not considered past due if current). This level of delinquency is due in part to an adherence to sound underwriting practices over the course of time, an improvement in the financial status of companies to which the Bank extends credit, continued financial stability in the agricultural loan portfolio, and the writing down of uncollectable credits in a timely manner.

Industrial Development Bonds are included in the commercial and industrial category for the remainder of the tables in this Note 4.

 

8


Table of Contents

ITEM 1 NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED UNAUDITED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

NOTE 4 LOANS (Continued)

 

The following table represents the contractual aging of the recorded investment in past due loans by portfolio segment of loans as of March 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012, net of deferred fees:

 

     (In Thousands)  
March 31, 2013    30-59 Days
Past Due
     60-89 Days
Past Due
     Greater Than
90 Days

Past Due
     Total
Past Due
     Current      Total
Financing
Receivables
     Recorded
Investment

> 90 Days
and Accruing
 

Consumer real estate

   $ 613       $  —         $ 310       $ 923       $ 76,237       $ 77,160       $  —     

Agricultural real estate

     —           —           —           —           35,898         35,898         —     

Agricultural

     9         —           —           9         51,887         51,896         —     

Commercial Real Estate

     1,228         139         845         2,212         207,389         209,601         —     

Commercial and Industrial

     154         27         2,528         2,709         88,272         90,981         —     

Consumer

     27         18         3         48         19,244         19,292         3   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 2,031       $ 184       $ 3,686       $ 5,901       $ 478,927       $ 484,828       $ 3   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

December 31, 2012    30-59 Days
Past Due
     60-89 Days
Past Due
     Greater Than
90 Days

Past Due
     Total
Past Due
     Current      Total
Financing
Receivables
     Recorded
Investment

> 90 Days
and Accruing
 

Consumer real estate

   $ 575       $  —         $ 648       $ 1,223       $ 79,064       $ 80,287       $  —     

Agricultural real estate

     —           —           —           —           40,143         40,143         —     

Agricultural

     11         —           —           11         57,759         57,770         —     

Commercial Real Estate

     —           —           877         877         199,122         199,999         —     

Commercial and Industrial

     78         —           2,567         2,645         100,278         102,923         —     

Consumer

     65         7         —           72         20,208         20,280         1   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 729       $ 7       $ 4,092       $ 4,828       $ 496,574       $ 501,402       $ 1   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

The following table presents the recorded investment in nonaccrual loans by class of loans as of March 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012:

 

     (In Thousands)  
     March 31
2013
     December 31
2012
 

Consumer real estate

   $ 689       $ 964   

Agricultural real estate

     —           —     

Agricultural

     —           0   

Commercial Real Estate

     944         877   

Commercial and Industrial

     2,949         2,987   

Consumer

     —           —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 4,582       $ 4,828   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

The Bank uses a nine tier risk rating system to grade its loans. The grade of a loan may change during the life of the loan.

The risk ratings are described as follows.

 

  1. Zero (0) Unclassified. Any loan which has not been assigned a classification.

 

  2. One (1) Excellent. Credit to premier customers having the highest credit rating based on an extremely strong financial condition, which compares favorably with industry standards (upper quartile of Risk Management Association ratios). Financial statements indicate a sound earnings and financial ratio trend for several years with satisfactory profit margins and excellent liquidity exhibited. Prime credits may also be borrowers with loans fully secured by highly liquid collateral such as traded stocks, bonds, certificates of deposit, savings account, etc. No credit or collateral exceptions exist and the loan adheres to the Bank’s loan policy in every respect. Financing alternatives would be readily available and would qualify for unsecured credit. This grade is summarized by high liquidity, minimum risk, strong ratios, and low handling costs.

 

  3. Two (2) Good. Desirable loans of somewhat less stature than Grade 1, but with strong financial statements. Loan supported by financial statements containing strong balance sheets, generally with a leverage position less than 1.50, and a history of profitability. Probability of serious financial deterioration is unlikely. Possessing a sound repayment source (and a secondary source), which would allow repayment in a reasonable period of time. Individual loans backed by liquid personal assets, established history and unquestionable character.

 

9


Table of Contents

ITEM 1 NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED UNAUDITED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

NOTE 4 LOANS (Continued)

 

  4. Three (3) Satisfactory. Satisfactory loans of average or slightly above average risk – having some deficiency or vulnerability to changing economic conditions, but still fully collectible. Projects should normally demonstrate acceptable debt service coverage. Generally, customers should have a leverage position less than 2.00. May be some weakness but with offsetting features of other support readily available. Loans that are meeting the terms of repayment.

Loans may be graded 3 when there is no recent information on which to base a current risk evaluation and the following conditions apply:

At inception, the loan was properly underwritten and did not possess an unwarranted level of credit risk:

 

  a. At inception, the loan was secured with collateral possessing a loan value adequate to protect the Bank from loss;

 

  b. The loan exhibited two or more years of satisfactory repayment with a reasonable reduction of the principal balance;

 

  c. During the period that the loan has been outstanding, there has been no evidence of any credit weakness. Some examples of weakness include slow payment, lack of cooperation by the borrower, breach of loan covenants, or the business is in an industry which is known to be experiencing problems. If any of the credit weaknesses is observed, a lower risk grade is warranted.

 

  5. Four (4) Satisfactory / Monitored. A “4” (Satisfactory/Monitored) risk grade may be established for a loan considered satisfactory but which is of average credit risk due to financial weakness or uncertainty. The loans warrant a higher than average level of monitoring to ensure that weaknesses do not advance. The level of risk in Satisfactory/Monitored classification is considered acceptable and within normal underwriting guidelines, so long as the loan is given management supervision.

 

  6. Five (5) Special Mention. Loans that possess some credit deficiency or potential weakness which deserves close attention, but which do not yet warrant substandard classification. Such loans pose unwarranted financial risk that, if not corrected, could weaken the loan and increase risk in the future. The key distinctions of a 5 (Special Mention) classification are that (1) it is indicative of an unwarranted level of risk, and (2) weaknesses are considered “potential”, versus “defined”, impairments to the primary source of loan repayment and collateral.

 

  7. Six (6) Substandard. One or more of the following characteristics may be exhibited in loans classified substandard:

 

  a. Loans, which possess a defined credit weakness and the likelihood that a loan will be paid from the primary source, are uncertain. Financial deterioration is underway and very close attention is warranted to ensure that the loan is collected without loss.

 

  b. Loans are inadequately protected by the current net worth and paying capacity of the borrower.

 

  c. The primary source of repayment is weakened, and the Bank is forced to rely on a secondary source of repayment such as collateral liquidation or guarantees.

 

  d. Loans are characterized by the distinct possibility that the Bank will sustain some loss if deficiencies are not corrected.

 

  e. Unusual courses of action are needed to maintain a high probability of repayment.

 

  f. The borrower is not generating enough cash flow to repay loan principal; however, continues to make interest payments.

 

  g. The lender is forced into a subordinate position or unsecured collateral position due to flaws in documentation.

 

  h. Loans have been restructured so that payment schedules, terms and collateral represent concessions to the borrower when compared to the normal loan terms.

 

  i. The lender is seriously contemplating foreclosure or legal action due to the apparent deterioration in the loan.

 

  j. There is significant deterioration in the market conditions and the borrower is highly vulnerable to these conditions.

 

  8. Seven (7) Doubtful. One or more of the following characteristics may be exhibited in loans classified Doubtful:

 

  a. Loans have all of the weaknesses of those classified as Substandard. Additionally, however, these weaknesses make collection or liquidation in full based on existing conditions improbable.

 

  b. The primary source of repayment is gone, and there is considerable doubt as to the quality of the secondary source of repayment.

 

  c. The possibility of loss is high, but, because of certain important pending factors which may strengthen the loan, loss classification is deferred until its exact status is known. A Doubtful classification is established deferring the realization of the loss.

 

  9. Eight (8) Loss. Loans are considered uncollectable and of such little value that continuing to carry them as assets on the institution’s financial statements is not feasible. Loans will be classified Loss when it is neither practical nor desirable to defer writing off or reserving all or a portion of a basically worthless asset, even though partial recovery may be possible at some time in the future.

 

10


Table of Contents

ITEM 1 NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED UNAUDITED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

NOTE 4 LOANS (Continued)

 

The following table represents the risk category of loans by portfolio segment based on the most recent analysis performed as of March 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012:

 

     Agriculture
Real Estate
     Agriculture      Commercial
Real Estate
     Commercial
and  Industrial
     Industrial
Development
Bonds
 
(in Thousands)               
                

March 31, 2013

              

1-2

   $ 2,255       $ 2,883       $ 3,264       $ 57       $ —     

3

     13,837         16,509         52,354         22,021         858   

4

     18,979         32,469         139,030         60,990         344   

5

     790         35         8,672         2,404         —     

6

     37         —           6,237         1,600         —     

7

     —           —           44         2,707         —     

8

     —           —           —           —           —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 35,898       $ 51,896       $ 209,601       $ 89,779       $ 1,202   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

     Agriculture
Real Estate
     Agriculture      Commercial
Real Estate
     Commercial
and  Industrial
     Industrial
Development
Bonds
 
              
              

December 31, 2012

              

1-2

   $ 2,719       $ 5,022       $ 4,046       $ 750       $ 97   

3

     15,111         23,525         42,467         21,750         859   

4

     21,481         29,188         137,537         71,228         343   

5

     794         35         8,984         3,385         —     

6

     38         —           6,295         2,202         —     

7

     —           —           670         2,309         —     

8

     —           —           —           —           —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 40,143       $ 57,770       $ 199,999       $ 101,624       $ 1,299   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

For consumer residential real estate, and other, the Company also evaluates credit quality based on the aging status of the loan, which was previously stated, and by payment activity. The following tables present the recorded investment in those classes based on payment activity and assigned risk grading as of March 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012.

 

     (In Thousands)  
     Consumer
Real Estate
     Consumer
Real Estate
 
     
     March 31
2013
     December 31
2012
 
     

Grade

     

Pass

   $ 76,850       $ 79,766   

Special Mention (5)

     —           —     

Substandard (6)

     33         110   

Doubtful (7)

     277         411   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 77,160       $ 80,287   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

     (In Thousands)  
     Consumer - Credit      Consumer - Other  
     March 31
2013
     December 31
2012
     March 31
2013
     December 31
2012
 
           

Performing

   $ 3,340       $ 3,470       $ 15,931       $ 16,775   

Nonperforming

     —           3         21         32   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 3,340       $ 3,473       $ 15,952       $ 16,807   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

11


Table of Contents

ITEM 1 NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED UNAUDITED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

NOTE 4 LOANS (Continued)

 

Information about impaired loans as of March 31, 2013, December 31, 2012 and March 31, 2012 are as follows:

 

     (In Thousands)  
     March 31,
2013
     December 31,
2012
     March 31,
2012
 

Impaired loans without a valuation allowance

   $ 1,119       $ 730       $ 362   

Impaired loans with a valuation allowance

     3,025         3,861         1,505   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total impaired loans

   $ 4,144       $ 4,591       $ 1,867   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Valuation allowance related to impaired loans

   $ 860       $ 865       $ 191   

Total non-accrual loans

   $ 4,582       $ 4,828       $ 2,923   

Total loans past-due ninety days or more and still accruing

   $ 3       $ 1       $ —     

For three months ended:

        

Average investment in impaired loans

   $ 4,321       $ 4,468       $ 1,954   

No additional funds are committed to be advanced in connection with impaired loans.

The Bank had approximately $670 thousand of its impaired loans classified as troubled debt restructured as of March 31, 2013 and $207 thousand as of March 31, 2012.

The following table represents three months ended March 31, 2013.

 

     March 31, 2013  

Troubled Debt Restructurings

   Number of
Contracts
Modified in the
Last 3 Months
     Pre-
Modification
Outstanding
Recorded
Investment
     Post-
Modification
Outstanding
Recorded
Investment
 
        
        
        
        

Commercial Real Estate

     —         $ —         $ —     

Ag Real Estate

     —           —           —     

Commercial and Industrial

     1         81         43   

 

Troubled Debt Restructurings

That Subsequently Defaulted

   Number of
Contracts
Modified in the
Last 3 Months
     Recorded
Investment
 
     
     
     
     

Commercial Real Estate

     —         $ —     

Ag Real Estate

     —           —     

Commercial and Industrial

     —           —     

The following table represents three months ended March 31, 2012.

 

     March 31, 2012  

Troubled Debt Restructurings

   Number of
Contracts
Modified in the
Last 3 Months
     Pre-
Modification
Outstanding
Recorded
Investment
     Post-
Modification
Outstanding
Recorded
Investment
 
        
        
        
        

Commercial Real Estate

     —         $ —         $ —     

Ag Real Estate

     —           —           —     

Commercial and Industrial

     —           —           —     

 

Troubled Debt Restructurings

That Subsequently Defaulted

   Number of
Contracts
Modified in the
Last 3 Months
     Recorded
Investment
 
     
     
     
     

Commercial Real Estate

     —         $ —     

Ag Real Estate

     —           —     

Commercial and Industrial

     —           —     

For the majority of the Bank’s impaired loans, the Bank will apply the observable market price methodology. However, the Bank may also utilize a measurement incorporating the present value of expected future cash flows discounted at the loan’s effective rate of interest. To determine

 

12


Table of Contents

ITEM 1 NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED UNAUDITED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

NOTE 4 LOANS (Continued)

 

observable market price, collateral asset values securing an impaired loan are periodically evaluated. Maximum time for re-evaluation is every 12 months for chattels and titled vehicles and every two years for real estate. In this process, third party evaluations are obtained and heavily relied upon. Until such time that updated appraisals are received, the Bank may discount the collateral value used.

The Bank uses the following guidelines as stated in policy to determine when to realize a charge-off, whether a partial or full loan balance. A charge-off in whole or in part is realized when unsecured consumer loans, credit card credits and overdraft lines of credit reach 90 days delinquency. At 120 days delinquent, secured consumer loans are charged down to the value of the collateral, if repossession of the collateral is assured and/or in the process of repossession. Consumer mortgage loan deficiencies are charged down upon the sale of the collateral or sooner upon the recognition of collateral deficiency. Commercial and agricultural credits are charged down at 120 days delinquency, unless an established and approved work-out plan is in place or litigation of the credit will likely result in recovery of the loan balance. Upon notification of bankruptcy, unsecured debt is charged off. Additional charge-off may be realized as further unsecured positions are recognized.

The following table presents loans individually evaluated for impairment by class of loans for three months ended March 31, 2013.

 

Three Months Ended March 31, 2013           Unpaid             Average      Interest  
     Recorded      Principal      Related      Recorded      Income  
     Investment      Balance      Allowance      Investment      Recognized  

With no related allowance recorded:

              

Consumer real estate

   $ 33       $ 33       $ —         $ 60       $ 1   

Agriculture real estate

     —           —           —           —           —     

Agriculture

     —           —           —           —           —     

Commercial real estate

     801         1,225         —           207         —     

Commercial and industrial

     285         285         —           286         —     

Consumer

     —           —           —           —           —     

With a specific allowance recorded:

              

Consumer real estate

     277         349         79         131         3   

Agriculture real estate

     —           —           —           —           —     

Agriculture

     —           —           —           —           —     

Commercial real estate

     44         64         29         6,250         —     

Commercial and industrial

     2,704         2,704         751         2,743         —     

Consumer

     —           —           —           —           —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Totals:

              

Consumer real estate

   $ 310       $ 382       $ 79       $ 191       $ 4   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Agriculture real estate

   $ —         $ —         $ —         $ —         $ —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Agriculture

   $ —         $ —         $ —         $ —         $ —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Commercial real estate

   $ 845       $ 1,289       $ 29       $ 6,457       $ —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Commercial and industrial

   $ 2,989       $ 2,989       $ 751       $ 3,029       $ —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Consumer

   $ —         $ —         $ —         $ —         $ —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31, 2012           Unpaid             Average      Interest  
     Recorded      Principal      Related      Recorded      Income  
     Investment      Balance      Allowance      Investment      Recognized  

With no related allowance recorded:

              

Consumer real estate

   $ 155       $ 155       $ —         $ 158       $ 3   

Agriculture real estate

     —           —           —           —           —     

Agriculture

     —           —           —           —           —     

Commercial real estate

     207         384         —           207         —     

Commercial and industrial

     —           —           —           —           —     

Consumer

     —           —           —           —           —     

With a specific allowance recorded:

              —        

Consumer real estate

     312         312         65         390         3   

Agriculture real estate

     —           —           —           —           —     

Agriculture

     —           —           —           —           —     

Commercial real estate

     696         846         22         702         —     

Commercial and industrial

     493         493         104         493         —     

Consumer

     4         4         —           4         2   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Totals:

              

Consumer real estate

   $ 467       $ 467       $ 65       $ 548       $ 6   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Agriculture real estate

   $ —         $ —         $ —         $ —         $ —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Agriculture

   $ —         $ —         $ —         $ —         $ —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Commercial real estate

   $ 903       $ 1,230       $ 22       $ 909       $ —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Commercial and industrial

   $ 493       $ 493       $ 104       $ 493       $ —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Consumer

   $ 4       $ 4       $ —         $ 4       $ 2   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

13


Table of Contents

ITEM 1 NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED UNAUDITED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

NOTE 4 LOANS (Continued)

 

The ALLL has a direct impact on the provision expense. An increase in the ALLL is funded through recoveries and provision expense. The following tables summarize the activities in the allowance for credit losses.

 

     (In Thousands)  
     Three Months Ended     Twelve Months Ended  
     March 31, 2013     December 31, 2012  

Allowance for Loan Losses

    

Balance at beginning of year

   $ 5,224      $ 5,091   

Provision for loan loss

     167        738   

Loans charged off

     (116     (891

Recoveries

     69        286   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Allowance for Loan & Leases Losses

   $ 5,344      $ 5,224   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Allowance for Unfunded Loan Commitments & Letters of Credit

   $ 172      $ 162   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Allowance for Credit Losses

   $ 5,516      $ 5,386   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

The Company segregates its Allowance for Loan and Lease Losses (ALLL) into two reserves: The ALLL and the Allowance for Unfunded Loan Commitments and Letters of Credit (AULC). When combined, these reserves constitute the total Allowance for Credit Losses (ACL).

The AULC is reported within other liabilities on the balance sheet while the ALLL is netted within the loans, net asset line. The ACL presented above represents the full amount of reserves available to absorb possible credit losses.

The following table breaks down the activity within ALLL for each loan portfolio segment and shows the contribution provided by both the recoveries and the provision along with the reduction of the allowance caused by charge-offs.

Additional analysis related to the allowance for credit losses for three months ended March 31, 2013 is as follows (in thousands):

 

    Consumer
Real
Estate
    Agriculture
Real Estate
    Agriculture     Commercial
Real Estate
    Commercial     Consumer
(incl.
Credit
Cards)
    Unfunded
Loan
Commitment
& Letters of
Credit
    Unallocated     Total  

Three Months Ended March 31, 2013

                 

ALLOWANCE FOR CREDIT LOSSES:

                 

Beginning balance

  $ 368      $ 113      $ 290      $ 1,749      $ 2,183      $ 268      $ 162      $ 253      $ 5,386   

Charge Offs

    (10     —          —          (20     —          (86     —          —        $ (116

Recoveries

    4        —          1        —          15        49        —          —        $ 69   

Provision

    101        (8     (31     (163     (226     25        —          469      $ 167   

Other Non-interest expense related to unfunded

    —          —          —          —          —          —          10        —        $ 10   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Ending Balance

  $ 463      $ 105      $ 260      $ 1,566      $ 1,972      $ 256      $ 172      $ 722      $ 5,516   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Ending balance: individually evaluated for impairment

  $ 79      $ —        $ —        $ 29      $ 752      $ —        $ —        $ —        $ 860   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Ending balance: collectively evaluated for impairment

  $ 384      $ 105      $ 260      $ 1,537      $ 1,220      $ 256      $ 172      $ 722      $ 4,656   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Ending balance: loans acquired with deteriorated credit quality

  $ 1      $ —        $ —        $ —        $ —        $ —        $ —        $ —        $ 1   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

FINANCING RECEIVABLES:

                 

Ending balance

  $ 77,160      $ 35,898      $ 51,896      $ 209,601      $ 90,981      $ 19,292      $ —        $ —        $ 484,828   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Ending balance: individually evaluated for impairment

  $ 310      $ —        $ —        $ 845      $ 2,990      $ —        $ —        $ —        $ 4,145   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Ending balance: collectively evaluated for impairment

  $ 76,850      $ 35,898      $ 51,896      $ 208,756      $ 87,991      $ 19,292      $ —        $ —        $ 480,683   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Ending balance: loans acquired with deteriorated credit quality

  $ 556      $ —        $ —        $ —        $ —        $ —        $ —        $ —        $ 556   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

14


Table of Contents

ITEM 1 NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED UNAUDITED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)

NOTE 4 LOANS (Continued)

 

    Consumer
Real
Estate
    Agriculture
Real Estate
    Agriculture     Commercial
Real Estate
    Commercial     Consumer
(incl.
Credit
Cards)
    Unfunded
Loan
Commitment
& Letters of
Credit
    Unallocated     Total  

Three Months Ended March 31, 2012

                 

ALLOWANCE FOR CREDIT LOSSES:

                 

Beginning balance

  $ 261      $ 140      $ 266      $ 2,088      $ 1,947      $ 315      $ 130      $ 74      $ 5,221   

Charge Offs

    (40     —        $ —          —          —          (86     —          —        $ (126

Recoveries

    3        —          7        4        15        30        —          —        $ 59   

Provision

    209        (51     (1     (522     (103     34        —          562      $ 128   

Other Non-interest expense related to unfunded

    —          —          —          —          —          —          10        —        $ 10   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Ending Balance

  $ 433      $ 89      $ 272      $ 1,570      $ 1,859      $ 293      $ 140      $ 636      $ 5,292   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Ending balance: individually evaluated for impairment

  $ 65      $ —        $ —        $ 22      $ 104      $ —        $ —        $ —        $ 191   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Ending balance: collectively evaluated for impairment

  $ 368      $ 89      $ 272      $ 1,548      $ 1,755      $ 293      $ 140      $ 636      $ 5,101   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Ending balance: loans acquired with deteriorated credit quality

  $ 2      $ —        $ —        $ —        $ —        $ —        $ —        $ —        $ 2   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

FINANCING RECEIVABLES:

                 

Ending balance

  $ 79,716      $ 31,814      $ 54,084      $ 200,865      $ 105,111      $ 21,652      $ —        $ —        $ 493,242   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Ending balance: individually evaluated for impairment

  $ 467      $ —        $ —        $ 903      $ 493      $ 4      $ —        $ —        $ 1,867   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Ending balance: collectively evaluated for impairment

  $ 79,249      $ 31,814      $ 54,084      $ 199,962      $ 104,618      $ 21,648      $ —        $ —        $ 491,375   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Ending balance: loans acquired with deteriorated credit quality

  $ 709      $ —        $ —        $ —        $ —        $ —        $ —        $ —        $ 709   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS INTRODUCTION

Farmers & Merchants Bancorp, Inc. (Company) is a bank holding company incorporated under the laws of Ohio in 1985. Our primary subsidiary, The Farmers & Merchants State Bank (Bank) is a community bank operating in Northwest Ohio since 1897. We report our financial condition and net income on a consolidated basis and we report only one segment.

Our executive offices are located at 307 North Defiance Street, Archbold, Ohio 43502, and our telephone number is (419)446-2501.

For a discussion of the general development of the Company’s business throughout 2013, please see the portion of Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations captioned “2013 in Review”.

NATURE OF ACTIVITIES

The Bank’s primary service area, Northwest Ohio and Northeast Indiana, continue to experience higher level of unemployment as compared to the national average. The agricultural industry continued its strong performance in 2012 as evidenced by strengthened financial statements. Automotive showed improvement with car dealers in our marketing area ending with more profitable numbers than in recent years. Overall, business profits are improving, however borrowing activity remains sluggish and loan balances declined during the quarter. New 1-4 family residential and construction remain weak and refinancing activity slowed during the quarter.

The Farmers & Merchants State Bank engages in general commercial banking and savings business. Their activities include commercial, agricultural and residential mortgage, consumer and credit card lending activities. Because the Bank’s offices are located in Northwest Ohio and Northeast Indiana, a substantial amount of the loan portfolio is comprised of loans made to customers in the farming industry for such things as farm land, farm equipment, livestock and operating loans for seed, fertilizer, and feed. Other types of lending activities include loans for home improvements, and loans for such items as autos, trucks, recreational vehicles, motorcycles, etc.

The Bank also provides checking account services, as well as savings and time deposit services such as a certificates of deposits. In addition ATM’s (Automated Teller Machines) are provided at most branch locations along with other independent locations such as major employers and hospitals in the market area. The Bank has custodial services for IRA’s (Individual Retirement Accounts) and HSA’s (Health Savings Accounts). The Bank provides on-line banking access for consumer and business customers. For consumers, this includes bill-pay, on-line statement opportunities and mobile banking. For business customers, it provides the option of electronic transaction origination such as wire and ACH file transmittal. In addition the Bank offers remote deposit capture or electronic deposit processing and merchant credit card services. Mobile banking was added in 2012 and has been widely accepted and used by consumers.

The Bank’s underwriting policies exercised through established procedures facilitates operating in a safe and sound manner in accordance with supervisory and regulatory guidance. Within this sphere of safety and soundness, the Bank’s practice

 

15


Table of Contents

ITEM 2 MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS (Continued)

INTRODUCTION (Continued)

 

has been not to promote innovative, unproven credit products which will not be in the best interest of the Bank or its customers. The Bank does offer a hybrid mortgage loan. Hybrid loans are loans that start out as a fixed rate mortgage but after a set number of years automatically adjust to an adjustable rate mortgage. The Bank offers a three year fixed rate mortgage after which the interest rate will adjust annually. The majority of the Bank’s adjustable rate mortgages are of this type. In order to offer longer term fixed rate mortgages, the Bank does participate in the Freddie Mac, Farmer Mac and Small Business Lending programs. The Bank does also retain the servicing on these partially or 100% sold loans. In order for the customer to participate in these programs they must meet the requirements established by these agencies. In addition, the Bank does sell some of its longer term fixed rate agricultural mortgages into the secondary market with the aid of a broker.

The Bank does not have a program to fund sub-prime loans. Sub-prime loans are characterized as a lending program or strategy that target borrowers who pose a significantly higher risk of default than traditional retail banking customers.

Following are the characteristics and underwriting criteria for each major type of loan the Bank offers:

Commercial Real Estate – Construction, purchase, and refinance of business purpose real estate. Risks include loan amount in relation to construction delays and overruns, vacancies, collateral value subject to market value fluctuations, interest rate, market demands, borrower’s ability to repay in orderly fashion, and others. The Bank does employ stress testing on higher balance loans to mitigate risk by ensuring the customer’s ability to repay in a changing rate environment before granting loan approval.

Agricultural Real Estate – Purchase of farm real estate or for permanent improvements to the farm real estate. Cash flow from the farm operation is the repayment source and is therefore subject to the financial success of the farm operation.

Consumer Real Estate – Purchase, refinance, or equity financing of one to four family owner occupied dwelling. Success in repayment is subject to borrower’s income, debt level, character in fulfilling payment obligations, employment, and others.

Commercial/Industrial – Loans to proprietorships, partnerships, or corporations to provide temporary working capital and seasonal loans as well as long term loans for capital asset acquisition. Risks include adequacy of cash flow, reasonableness of profit projections, financial leverage, economic trends, management ability, and others. The Bank does employ stress testing on higher balance loans to mitigate risk by ensuring the customer’s ability to repay in a changing rate environment before granting loan approval.

Agricultural – Loans for the production and housing of crops, fruits, vegetables, and livestock or to fund the purchase or re- finance of capital assets such as machinery and equipment, and livestock. The production of crops and livestock is especially vulnerable to commodity prices and weather. The vulnerability to commodity prices is offset by the farmers ability to hedge their position by the use of the future contracts. The risk related to weather is often mitigated by requiring federal crop insurance.

Consumer – Funding for individual and family purposes. Success in repayment is subject to borrower’s income, debt level, character in fulfilling payment obligations, employment, and others.

Industrial Development Bonds – Funds for public improvements in the Bank’s service area. Repayment ability is usually based on the continuance of the taxation revenue as the source of repayment.

All loan requests are reviewed as to credit worthiness and are subject to the Bank’s underwriting guidelines as to secured versus unsecured credit. Secured loans are in turn subject to loan to value (LTV) requirements based on collateral types as set forth in the Bank’s Loan Policy. In addition, credit scores of principal borrowers are reviewed and an approved exception from an additional officer is required should a credit score not meet the Bank’s Loan Policy guidelines.

Consumer Loans:

Maximum loan to value (LTV) for cars, trucks and light trucks vary from 90% to 110% depending on whether direct or indirect.

Loans above 100% are generally due to additional charges for extended warranties and/or insurance coverage periods of lost wages or death.

Boats, campers, motorcycles, RV’s and Motor Coaches range from 80%-90% based on age of vehicle.

1st or 2nd mortgages on 1-4 family homes range from 75%-90% with “in-house” first real estate mortgages requiring private mortgage insurance on those exceeding 80% LTV.

Raw land LTV maximum ranges from 65%-75% depending on whether or not the property has been improved.

Commercial/Agriculture/Real Estate:

Maximum LTVs range from 70%-80% depending on type.

Accounts Receivable:

Up to 80% LTV.

Inventory:

Agriculture:

Livestock and grain up to 80% LTV, crops (insured) up to 75% and Warehouse Receipts up to 87%.

Commercial:

Maximum LTV of 50% on raw and finished goods.

Used vehicles, new recreational vehicles and manufactured homes not to exceed (NTE) 80% LTV.

Equipment:

New not to exceed 80% of invoice, used NTE 50% of listed book or 75% of appraised value.

Restaurant equipment up to 35% of market value.

Heavy trucks, titled trailers, NTE 75% LTV and aircraft up to 75% of appraised value.

 

16


Table of Contents

ITEM 2 MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITIONS AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS (Continued)

INTRODUCTION (Continued)

 

We also provide checking account services, as well as savings and time deposit services such as certificates of deposits. In addition ATM’s are provided at our Ohio offices in Archbold, Wauseon, Stryker, West Unity, Bryan, Delta, Napoleon, Montpelier, Swanton, Defiance, Hicksville and Perrysburg, along with ones at our Auburn and Angola, Indiana offices. Two ATM’s are located at Sauder Woodworking Co., Inc., a major employer in Archbold. Additional locations in Ohio are at Northwest State Community College, Archbold; Community Hospitals of Williams County, Bryan; Fairlawn Haven Wyse Commons, Archbold; R&H Restaurant, Fayette; Delta Eagles; Sauder Village, Archbold; Fulton County Health Center, Wauseon; downtown Defiance; and a mobile trailer ATM. In Indiana, four additional remote ATM’s are located at St. Joe; at Kaiser’s Supermarket and Therma-Tru in Butler; and at DeKalb Memorial Hospital in Auburn.

F&M Investment Services, the brokerage department of the Bank, opened for business in April, 1999. Securities are offered through Raymond James Financial Services Inc.

The Company is a bank holding company within the meaning of the Bank Holding Company Act of 1956. Our subsidiary bank is in turn regulated and examined by the Ohio Division of Financial Institutions, and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. The activities of our bank subsidiary are also subject to other federal and state laws and regulations.

The Bank’s primary market includes communities located in the Ohio counties of Defiance, Fulton, Henry, Williams and Wood and in the Indiana counties of DeKalb and Steuben. The commercial banking business in this market is highly competitive with approximately 17 other depository institutions currently doing business in the Bank’s primary market. In our banking activities, we compete directly with other commercial banks, credit unions and farm credit services and savings and loan institutions in each of their operating localities. In a number of locations, we compete against entities which are much larger than us. The primary factors in competing for loans and deposits are the rates charged as well as location and quality of service provided. On December 31, 2007, the Bank acquired the Knisely Bank of Indiana, expanding its market with the addition of offices in Butler and Auburn, Indiana, both located in DeKalb County. An additional office was opened in the summer of 2008 in Angola, Indiana, located in Steuben County. On July 9, 2010 the Bank purchased a branch office in Hicksville, Ohio shortening the distance between our Ohio and Indiana offices. During 2012, the Bank purchased land in Waterville, Lucas County, Ohio, and began construction of an office. The office is expected to open in second quarter 2013 providing growth opportunity and extension of the market area.

At March 31, 2013, we had 246 full time equivalent employees. The employees are not represented by a collective bargaining unit. We provide our employees with a comprehensive benefit program, some of which are contributory. We consider our employee relations to be excellent.

2013 IN REVIEW

Non-interest income bolstered the first quarter results of 2013 while net interest income decreased as compared to first quarter 2012. The largest improvement in the non-interest income arena was the net gain on sale of loans, sales of 1-4 family and agricultural real estate were an extension of 2012’s heightened activity level and provided the largest improvement in revenue generation. Due to the continued low rate environment, the Company’s customers were able to refinance their loans and lower their payments and/or reduce the term of the loan.

The trend of declining net interest margin continued in the first quarter 2013 as evidenced by the lower net interest income on the income statement. Negative loan growth was a contributing factor along with loss on yield from investments due to maturities and calls and lower reinvestment rate opportunities.

Total allowance provision for loan losses remained low and was just slightly higher than 2012. Due to lack of loan growth and a low net charge-off position, the allowance for loan loss did not require a large influx of funds to provide more than an adequate level of protection. Impaired loans decreased from December 31, 2012 levels. However they increased by almost $2.3 million over March 31, 2012 levels. This comparison of loan levels held true for both impaired loans with and without a specific valuation allowance. The same comparison existed for nonaccrual loans, showing an improvement in lower balances than December 31, 2012 with higher balances as compared to same time period last year. One commercial loan added to nonaccrual and impaired status during the second half 2012 is behind the increase in comparing first quarter balances. Overall, the Company continues to work on the collection of these loans and looks forward to continuing to decrease the exposure during 2013.

All rates remain low and are expected to remain low throughout 2013. This has enabled the Company to continue to sell investment securities and recognize a gain without compromising the yield. The transactions have modestly extended the duration of the investment portfolio. For all of 2012, the recognized gain was $852 thousand, of which $169 thousand was recognized in the first quarter. For first quarter 2013, the Company has recognized slightly higher gains of $221 thousand. Most of the securities sold were agencies maturing in a shorter time period than the securities that were purchased to replace them. The Bank was able to continue to capitalize on the steepness of the yield curve and the unrealized market gain position the last three years. The market value of the security portfolio remains high as evidenced by the high comprehensive income reported on the income statement. Additional opportunity to sell investment securities for a gain remains.

The majority of the Bank’s commercial borrowers have experienced slight improvement, although a few still lag. As the economic recovery remains fragile and consumer confidence remains at lower levels, consumer sensitive industries and the retail sector may continue to experience pressures as well. Drought conditions existed in the majority of the market area we service. Crop insurance and two previous years of strong yields lessened any negative impact on our agricultural portfolio. Though yields in 2012 were down, prices were higher than a year earlier which helped lessen the financial impact. Though water levels have not yet returned to predrought levels, the outlook remains optimistic for 2013 agricultural activity.

Overall, profitability in the first quarter of 2013 was bolstered from the improvement in noninterest income. Noninterest income was up 24% over first quarter 2012. The Company has done an exceptional job of recognizing opportunities to provide services and products that the low rate environment made possible. These opportunities are further discussed in the Material Changes in Results of Operations. The Company remains strong, stable, and well capitalized and has the capacity to continue to cover the increased costs of doing business in a tough economy while seeking good loans to improve profitability. The Company continues to look for new opportunities to generate and protect revenue and provide additional channels through which to serve our customers and maintain our high leve1 of customer satisfaction.

 

17


Table of Contents

ITEM 2 MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITIONS AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS (Continued)

 

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICY AND ESTIMATES

The Company’s consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America, and the Company follows general practices within the financial services industry in which it operates. At times the application of these principles requires management to make assumptions, estimates and judgments that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes. These assumptions, estimates and judgments are based on information available as of the date of the financial statements. As this information changes, the financial statements could reflect different assumptions, estimates and judgments. Certain policies inherently have a greater reliance on assumptions, estimates and judgments and as such have a greater possibility of producing results that could be materially different than originally reported. Examples of critical assumptions, estimates and judgments are when assets and liabilities are required to be recorded at fair value, when a decline in the value of an asset not required to be recorded at fair value warrants an impairment write-down or valuation reserve to be established, or when an asset or liability must be recorded contingent upon a future event.

These policies, along with the disclosures presented in the notes to the consolidated financial statements and in the management discussion and analysis of the financial condition and results of operations, provide information on how significant assets and liabilities are valued and how those values are determined for the financial statements. Based on the valuation techniques used and the sensitivity of financial statement amounts to assumptions, estimates, and judgments underlying those amounts, management has identified the determination of the Allowance for Loan and Lease Losses (ALLL) and the valuation of its Mortgage Servicing Rights and Other Real Estate Owned (OREO) as the accounting areas that require the most subjective or complex judgments, and as such could be the most subject to revision as new information becomes available.

Assets acquired through, or in lieu of, loan foreclosure are held for sale and are initially recorded at the lower of fair value or the loan carrying amount at the date of foreclosure. Subsequent to foreclosure, valuations are periodically performed by management and the assets are carried at the lower of carrying amount or fair value less cost to sell.

The ALLL represents management’s estimate of credit losses inherent in the Bank’s loan portfolio at the report date. The estimate is a composite of a variety of factors including past experience, collateral value and the general economy. ALLL includes a specific portion, a formula driven portion, and a general nonspecific portion. The collection and ultimate recovery of the book value of the collateral, in most cases, is beyond our control.

The Company is required to estimate the value of its Mortgage Servicing Rights. The Company recognizes as separate assets rights to service fixed rate single-family mortgage loans that it has sold without recourse but services for others for a fee. Mortgage servicing assets are initially recorded at cost, based upon pricing multiples as determined by the purchaser, when the loans are sold. Mortgage servicing assets are carried at the lower of the initial carrying value, adjusted for amortization, or estimated fair value. Amortization is determined in proportion to and over the period of estimated net servicing income using the level yield method. For purposes of determining impairment, the mortgage servicing assets are stratified into like groups based on loan type, term, new versus seasoned and interest rate. The valuation is completed by an independent third party.

The expected and actual rates of mortgage loan prepayments are the most significant factors driving the potential for the impairment of the value of mortgage servicing assets. Increases in mortgage loan prepayments reduce estimated future net servicing cash flows because the life of the underlying loan is reduced.

The Company’s mortgage servicing rights relating to loans serviced for others represent an asset of the company. This asset is initially capitalized and included in other assets on the Company’s consolidated balance sheet. The mortgage servicing rights are then amortized against noninterest income in proportion to, and over the period of the estimated future net servicing income of the underlying mortgage servicing rights. There are a number of factors, however, that can affect the ultimate value of the mortgage servicing rights to the Company, including the estimated prepayment speed of the loan and the discount rate used to present value the servicing right. For example, if the mortgage loan is prepaid, the Company will receive fewer servicing fees, meaning that the present value of the mortgage servicing rights is less than the carrying value of those rights on the Company’s balance sheet. Therefore, in an attempt to reflect an accurate expected value to the Company of the mortgage servicing rights, the Company receives a valuation of its mortgage servicing rights from an independent third party. The independent third party’s valuation of the mortgage servicing rights is based on relevant characteristics of the Company’s loan servicing portfolio, such as loan terms, interest rates and recent national prepayment experience, as well as current national market interest rate levels, market forecasts and other economic conditions. Management, with the advice from its third party valuation firm reviewed the assumptions related to prepayment speeds, discount rates, and capitalized mortgage servicing income on a quarterly basis. Changes are reflected in the following quarter’s analysis related to the mortgage servicing asset. In addition, based upon the independent third party’s valuation of the Company’s mortgage servicing rights, management then establishes a valuation allowance by each strata, if necessary, to quantify the likely impairment of the value of the mortgage servicing rights to the Company. The estimates of prepayment speeds and discount rates are inherently uncertain, and different estimates could have a material impact on the Company’s net income and results of operations. The valuation allowance is evaluated and adjusted quarterly by management to reflect changes in the fair value of the underlying mortgage servicing rights based on market conditions. The accuracy of these estimates and assumptions by management and its third party valuation specialist can be directly tied back to the fact that management has only been required to record a minor valuation allowance through its income statement based upon the valuation of each stratum of servicing rights.

For more information regarding the estimates and calculations used to establish the ALLL and the value of Mortgage Servicing Rights, please see Note 1 to the consolidated financial statements provided herewith.

Foreclosed real estate for sale is carried at the lower of fair value minus estimated costs to sell, or cost. Costs of holding foreclosed real estate are charged to expense in the current period, except for significant property improvements, which are capitalized. Valuations are periodically performed by management and a write-down is recorded by a charge to non-interest expense if the carrying value exceeds the fair value minus estimated costs to sell. Foreclosed real estate is classified as other real estate owned. The net income from operations of foreclosed real estate held for sale is reported in non-interest income. At March 31, 2013, holdings were $2.2 million and were $2.3 million as of December 31, 2012 and $3.6 million as of March 31, 2012.

 

18


Table of Contents

ITEM 2 MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITIONS AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS (Continued)

 

MATERIAL CHANGES IN FINANCIAL CONDITION, LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

In comparing the balance sheet of March 31, 2013 to that of December 31, 2012, the liquidity of the Bank has increased by approximately $13.4 million, and remains strong with funds being moved from cash, to Federal Funds sold and a higher yielding security portfolio. The Bank has taken advantage of the Federal Reserve paying interest on its operational account and placed $4.9 million in the investment portfolio. The Bank may use these excess funds to fund new loan growth. During the three months of 2013, net loans have decreased just under $16.7 million of which a $10 million decrease was expected and happens each year at this time.

The Company’s increase in investments was due to the lack of any significant loan growth. The Company has an unsecured borrowing capacity of $88 million through correspondent banks and over $164.2 million of unpledged securities which may be sold or used as collateral. The strength of the security portfolio is shown in the tables to follow. With the exception of stock, all of the Bank’s security portfolio is categorized as available for sale and as such is recorded at market value. The charts that follow do not include stock.

Investment securities will at times depreciate to an unrealized loss position. The Bank utilizes the following criteria to assess whether or not an impaired security is other than temporary. No one item by itself will necessarily signal that a security should be recognized as other than temporary impairment.

 

1. The fair value of the security has significantly declined from book value.

 

2. A down grade has occurred that lowers the credit rating to below investment grade (below Baa3 by Moody and BBB- by Standard and Poors).

 

3. Dividends have been reduced or eliminated or scheduled interest payments have not been made.

 

4. The underwater security has longer than 10 years to maturity and the loss position had existed for more than 3 years.

 

5. Management does not possess both the intent and ability to hold the security for a period of time sufficient to allow for any anticipated recovery in fair value.

If the impairment is judged to be other than temporary, the cost basis of the individual security shall be written down to fair value, thereby establishing a new cost basis. The amount of the write down shall be included in earnings as a realized loss. The new cost basis shall not be changed for subsequent recoveries in fair value. The recovery in fair value shall be recognized in earnings when the security is sold. The first table is presented by category of security and length of time in a continuous loss position. Municipalities may be more likely to be in a loss position greater than 12 months due to their length to maturity and are not indicative of an issue with safety and soundness of the municipality. The Bank currently does not hold any securities with other than temporary impairment.

As the chart below shows, there were only minor amounts of securities in a loss position as of March 31, 2013.

 

     (In Thousands)  
     Less Than Twelve Months            Twelve Months & Over         
     Gross Unrealized
Losses
    Fair
Value
     Gross Unrealized
Losses
     Fair
Value
 

U.S. Treasury

   $ (42   $ 10,542       $ —         $ —     

U.S. Government agency

     (173     27,933         —           —     

Mortgage-backed securities

     —          —           —           —     

State and local governments

     (12     2,441         —           —     

The following chart shows the breakdown of the unrealized gain or loss associated within each category of the investment portfolio as of March 31, 2013.

 

     (In Thousands)  
     Amortized
Cost
     Gross
Unrealized
Gains
     Gross
Unrealized
Losses
    Estimated
Market
Value
 

Available-for-Sale:

          

U.S. Treasury

   $ 26,241       $ 40       $ (42   $ 26,239   

U.S. Government agency

     213,253         3,469         (173     216,549   

Mortgage-backed securities

     48,403         1,293         —          49,696   

State and local governments

     64,828         3,521         (12     68,337   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 
   $ 352,725       $ 8,323       $ (227   $ 360,821   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

19


Table of Contents

ITEM 2 MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITIONS AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS (Continued)

MATERIAL CHANGES IN FINANCIAL CONDITION, LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES (Continued)

 

The following table shows the maturity schedule of the security portfolio as of March 31, 2013

 

     (In Thousands)  
     March 31, 2013  
     Amortized Cost      Fair Value  

One year or less

   $ 12,511       $ 12,663   

After one year through five years

     174,933         179,178   

After five years through ten years

     106,638         108,204   

After ten years

     10,240         11,080   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Subtotal

   $ 304,322       $ 311,125   

Mortgage Backed Securities

     48,403         49,696   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 352,725       $ 360,821   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Management feels confident that liquidity needs can easily be funded from an orderly runoff of the investment portfolio.

As previously stated, net loans show a decrease of $16.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2013. $116 thousand was charged-off during the three month period indicating the decrease was not due to charge-offs. The balance of the decrease in loans was due to the pay down, payoff or refinancing of loans. Loan sales into the secondary market have also impacted the consumer and agricultural real estate portfolios. During the year almost $27.4 million of these sales occurred with only $24.1 million of the loans originated in the same period as shown in the cash flow statement for the period. Agricultural real estate accounted for just over a third of the activity with 1-4 family representing the majority. Both portfolios include a large portion of refinancing. The trend of decreasing loan balances is not unique to this year as the chart to follow shows the trend during the last three years.

The chart below shows the breakdown of the loan portfolio by category less deferred loan fees and costs as of March 31 for the last three years.

 

     (In Thousands)  
     March 2013
Amount
     March 2012
Amount
     March 2011
Amount
 

Commercial Real Estate

   $ 209,601       $ 200,865       $ 195,754   

Agricultural Real Estate

     35,898         31,814         31,948   

Consumer Real Estate

     77,160         79,716         83,115   

Commercial and Industrial

     89,779         103,915         113,415   

Agricultural

     51,896         54,084         60,508   

Consumer, Overdrafts and other loans

     19,292         21,652         26,552   

Industrial Development Bonds

     1,202         1,196         1,965   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total Loans

   $ 484,828       $ 493,242       $ 513,257   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

The Commercial and Industrial portfolio shows the largest decrease of $14.1 million in balance as of March 31, 2013 compared to March 31, 2012. Agricultural real estate shows an increase of $4.1 million which may switch positions next quarter as additional sales are scheduled to occur before quarter end. Commercial real estate showed the largest improvement in balances of $8.7 million which was higher than the previous year’s increase of $5.1 million. Overall, loans decreased $8.4 million as compared to the same period last year and $28.4 million as compared to March 31, 2011.

Overall, total assets of the Company increased $2.5 million from December 31, 2012 to March 31, 2013.

Deposits increased $9.2 million with the largest decrease of $7.7 million in the time deposits. The largest increase in the deposit portfolio of $16.4 million was in the NOW portfolio due to the continuing popularity of the KASASA program. The mix of the portfolio continued to transition to a higher level of core deposits as a result primarily of the Bank’s offering of a high interest bearing transaction account along with an increase in health savings accounts. In 2010, the Bank strengthened its line of deposit products by adding additional products which added additional options to its already highly successful Reward Checking, which was renamed KASASA Cash. The additional options include KASASA Saver, KASASA Giver and KASASA ITunes. KASASA Saver, whose product utilizes a higher yielding rate than the Bank’s regular saving account, is the reason behind the retention and increase of dollars in savings. These continue to be the deposits of choice and attract not only new money from existing customers but new customers to the Bank.

The Certificate of Deposit (COD) portfolio has decreased $7.7 million during the first three months of 2013, which is part of the reason why the Bank continues to decrease the cost of funds. This is demonstrated below in the section of this MD&A captioned “MATERIAL CHANGES IN RESULTS OF OPERATION - Interest Expense”.

The Bank paid off $5.1 million in FHLB advances which had matured during 2012 and made principal payments and payoffs totaling $4.5 million so far in 2013. This too should lower the cost of funds. Securities sold under agreement to repurchase decreased $2.2 million during the first three months of 2013 as compared to yearend.

 

20


Table of Contents

ITEM 2 MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITIONS AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS (Continued)

MATERIAL CHANGES IN FINANCIAL CONDITION, LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES (Continued)

 

Capital increased a modest $94 thousand from year-end during the three months of 2013. Positive earnings and a decrease in accumulated other comprehensive income are the factors behind the increase. Comprehensive income decreased $750 thousand which encompassed the shift of $221 thousand from unrealized gain to realized gain with the sale of securities. Dividends paid were $47 thousand higher the same period last year and dividends declared increased approximately $40 thousand.

The Company continues to be well-capitalized in accordance with Federal regulatory capital requirements as the capital ratios below show:

 

Primary Ratio

     11.18

Tier I Leverage Ratio

     10.65

Risk Based Capital Tier I

     17.07

Total Risk Based Capital

     18.01

Stockholders’ Equity/Total Assets

     11.66

MATERIAL CHANGES IN RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Comparison of Results of Operation for three month periods ended March 31, 2013 and 2012.

Interest Income

Annualized interest income and yield on earning assets is down in 2013 as compared to March 31, 2012. While the average total earning assets were only slightly higher by 1.2% or $10.5 million than the prior year, the decrease in interest income resulted primarily from the transition of the Company’s earning assets from high yield to lower yield assets. As the table that follows confirms, the shift of funds within the interest earning portfolios from loans to investments along with lower rates being offered within the loan portfolio caused a lower March 2013 yield in loans, thereby causing lower interest income. The increased volume in the security portfolio did not offset the loss in interest income due to rate changes. However, the portfolio continues to have calls due to the low rate environment. Prepayment speeds remain high on mortgage-backed securities.

Overall, interest income from loans was down $719 thousand in comparing the three months ended March 31, 2013 to same period 2012 which accounts for the majority of the overall drop in interest income. This emphasizes the impact of declining loan balances and the need to find good loans with which to rebuild the portfolio. The overall asset yield decreased 40 basis points between the two periods.

The yields on tax-exempt securities and the portion of tax-exempt IDB loans included in loans have been tax adjusted based on a 34% tax rate in the charts to follow.

 

     (In Thousands)               
     March 31, 2013      Yield/Rate  
Interest Earning Assets:    Average Balance      Interest/Dividends      March 31, 2013     March 31, 2012  

Loans

   $ 484,590       $ 6,078         5.05     5.56

Taxable Investment Securities

     294,511         1,150         1.56     1.73

Tax-exempt Investment Securities

     63,544         460         4.39     4.48

Fed Funds Sold & Interest Bearing Deposits

     44,098         14         0.13     0.13
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Interest Earning Assets

   $ 886,743       $ 7,702         3.60     4.00
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Change in March 31, 2013 Interest Income Compared to March 31, 2012 (In Thousands)

 

Interest Earning Assets:    Change     Due to
Volume
    Due to
Rate
 

Loans

   $ (719   $ (186   $ (533

Taxable Investment Securities

     (48     133        (181

Tax-exempt Investment Securities

     (7     7        (14

Fed Funds Sold & Interest Bearing Deposits

     —          —          —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Interest Earning Assets

   $ (774   $ (46   $ (728
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Interest Expense

Interest expense continued to be lower than the comparable three months of 2012. Interest expense related to deposits was down $391 thousand while the average interest-bearing deposit balance decreased by $7.4 million in comparing the balances of each first three month period. Time deposits continue to reprice down and the Bank continues to try and lengthen the duration of the portfolio with specials offered in terms longer than thirty-six months. However, depositors continue to place more funds in shorter term deposits or move funds elsewhere. KASASA Cash and Saver along with HSA’s helped to increase the savings average deposit balances by $29 million.

Interest on borrowed funds was $78 thousand lower for the three month period ended March 31, 2013 than 2012. More borrowings from Federal Home Loan Bank were paid off during 2012 and first quarter 2013, making the balance in other borrowed money considerably lower in 2013 in comparison. Thus the largest decrease in cost of funds for other borrowed money was due to the decreased volume which also impacted the rate of the remaining borrowings portfolio. Fed Funds Purchased and Securities Sold under Agreement to Repurchase had similar balances in 2013 and 2012 making the decrease in cost due mainly to lower rates.

 

21


Table of Contents

ITEM 2 MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITIONS AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS (Continued)

MATERIAL CHANGES IN RESULTS OF OPERATIONS (Continued)

 

Interest Expense (Continued)

 

For the same comparison as last year, the decrease in interest expense did not outpace the decrease in interest income. It remains a focus for improvement in 2013. Asset yield decreased 40 basis points while cost of funds decreased 21 basis points. The main focus is to increase asset yield by using excess cash and investments to fund loan growth.

 

     (In Thousands)               
     March 31, 2013      Yield/Rate  
Interest Bearing Liabilities:    Average Balance      Interest/Expense      March 31, 2013     March 31, 2012  

Savings Deposits

   $ 395,658       $ 390         0.39     0.59

Other Time Deposits

     265,511         737         1.11     1.22

Other Borrowed Money

     7,777         46         2.37     2.98

Fed Funds Purchased & Securities Sold under Agreement to Repurch.

     51,938         60         0.46     0.48
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Interest Bearing Liabilities

   $ 720,884       $ 1,233         0.68     0.89
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Change in March 31, 2013 Interest Expense Compared to March 31, 2012 (In Thousands)

 

Interest Bearing Liabilities:    Change     Due to
Volume
    Due to Rate
Rate
 

Savings Deposits

   $ (149   $ 57      $ (206

Other Time Deposits

     (163     (160     (3

Other Borrowed Money

     (78     (105     27   

Fed Funds Purchased & Securities Sold under Agreement to Repurch.

     (1     3        (4
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Interest Bearing Liabilities

   $ (391   $ (205   $ (186
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net Interest Income

Net interest income is lower in the three month comparison, which is the same position as yearend 2012’s comparison to yearend 2011. The issue of earning less per earning asset dollar still remains as evidenced by the lower net interest margin ratio.

Net interest income, in comparison to 2012, may remain behind throughout the year if loan growth does not occur. The Bank continues to attempt to add spread on renewing loans while loan growth is needed to improve the overall numbers. Interest expense on time deposits should also continue to show a decrease until depositors begin to transition back into longer-term deposits. The rate environment is predicted to remain low throughout 2013. Should rates begin to rise sooner, the challenge will be to delay the pricing up of deposits.

Provision Expense

Provision for loan loss was $39 thousand higher for the three months ended March 31, 2013 as compared to the same 2012 period. The decrease in the average balance in nonaccrual loans, along with improving asset quality and low loan growth, as compared to yearend 2012, warranted the low provision to the loan loss reserve. The balance in nonaccrual loans decreased $246 thousand along with a decrease of $447 thousand in impaired loan balances as of March 31, 2013 as compared to the balances as of December 31, 2012. In comparing to March 31, 2012, nonaccrual balances increased $1.7 million and impaired loan balances increased $2.3 million. Provision expense related to those increased balances was recognized in the later time periods of 2012. The overall loan portfolio was also $8.4 million lower as of March 31, 2013 compared to March 31, 2012. The Bank continues to focus on the commercial and commercial real estate portfolios for both asset quality and growth. As the charts below will show for 2013 and 2012, a large portion of the provision was also to replace the reserve balance depleted from the net charge-offs during the period and 2013 had a smaller net charge-off position than 2012. Should the recovery stop or continue to slow even further, it is more likely additional credits may encounter cash flow problems and the Bank remains diligent in providing funds to offset future losses. In the immediate future, the Bank would expect to fund the loan loss reserve for any loan growth that may occur.

The Bank uses the following guidelines as stated in policy to determine when to realize a charge-off, whether a partial or full loan balance. A charge down in whole or in part is realized when unsecured consumer loans, credit card credits and overdraft lines of credit reach 90 days delinquency. At 120 days delinquent, secured consumer loans are charged down to the value of the collateral, if repossession of the collateral is assured and/or in the process of repossession. Consumer mortgage loan deficiencies are charged down upon the sale of the collateral or sooner upon the recognition of collateral deficiency. Commercial and agricultural credits are charged down at 120 days delinquency, unless an established and approved work-out plan is in place or litigation of the credit will likely result in recovery of the loan balance. Upon notification of bankruptcy, unsecured debt is charged off. Additional charge-off may be realized as further unsecured positions are recognized.

Looking at the balance in impaired loans, it shows the Bank has recognized an increase in the overall balance of impaired loans when looking at March 2013 compared to March 2012. However, a positive factor can also been seen. A decrease in the current average balance during 2013 as compared to yearend December 2012. This is due mainly to the collection of principal from the sale of collateral from borrowers and continual collection of payments on these borrowers classified as impaired.

 

22


Table of Contents

ITEM 2 MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITIONS AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS (Continued)

MATERIAL CHANGES IN RESULTS OF OPERATIONS (Continued)

 

Provision Expense (Continued)

 

Increase in the impaired loans with a valuation allowance occurred during the second quarter 2012 relates to two relationships of $2.4 million, one comprising $2.3 million. In addition, during the second and third quarter, one relationship previously declared impaired had a decrease in the allocation amount of $5 thousand. In the future, a collection of the collateral may have a larger short fall.

The Bank had $490 thousand of its impaired loans classified as troubled debt restructured as of March 31, 2013, of which $207 thousand was classified the same as at March 31, 2012. One new impaired relationship was added during the first quarter and one was removed. The change resulted in $85.1 thousand less in impaired balances; however the new relationship added $23 thousand to the specific allocation balances.

In determining the allocation for impaired loans the Bank applies the observable market price of the collateral securing the asset, reduced by applying a discount for estimated costs of collateral liquidation. In some instances where the discounted market value is less than the loan amount, a specific impairment allocation is assigned, which may be reduced or eliminated by the write down of the credit’s active principal outstanding balance.

For the majority of the Bank’s impaired loans, the Bank will apply the observable market price methodology. However, the Bank may also utilize a measurement incorporating the present value of expected future cash flows discounted at the loan’s effective rate of interest. To determine observable market price, collateral asset values securing an impaired loan are periodically evaluated. Maximum time of re-evaluation is every 12 months for chattels and titled vehicles and every two years for real estate. In this process, third party evaluations are obtained and heavily relied upon. Until such time that updated appraisals are received, the Bank may discount the collateral value used.

The ALLL has a direct impact on the provision expense. The increase in the ALLL is funded through recoveries and provision expense. The following tables both deal with the allowance for credit losses. The first table breaks down the activity within ALLL for each loan portfolio segment and shows the contribution provided by both the recoveries and the provision along with the reduction of the allowance caused by charge-offs. The second table discloses how much of the ALLL is attributed to each segment of the loan portfolio, as well as the percent that each particular segment of the loan portfolio represents to the entire loan portfolio in the aggregate. Consumer activity has accounted for the largest component of charge-offs and recoveries in first quarter 2013 as compared to 2012. As was mentioned in previous discussion, the commercial and commercial real estate portfolios are having a major impact on the ALLL.

The following table presents activities for the allowance for loan losses by loan type for three months ended March 31, 2013, 2012, and 2011.

 

     (In Thousands)  
     Three Months Ended
March-13
    Three Months Ended
March-12
    Three Months Ended
March-11
 

Loans

   $ 484,828      $ 493,242      $ 513,257   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Daily average of outstanding loans

   $ 484,590      $ 491,969      $ 513,208   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Allowance for Loan Losses - January 1

   $ 5,224      $ 5,091      $ 5,706   

Loans Charged off:

      

Commercial Real Estate

     20        —          88   

Ag Real Estate

     —          —          —     

Consumer Real Estate

     10        40        94   

Commercial and Industrial

     —          —          471   

Agricultural

     —          —          24   

Consumer & other loans

     86        86        115   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
     116        126        792   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Loan Recoveries

      

Commercial Real Estate

     —          4        1   

Ag Real Estate

     —          —          —     

Consumer Real Estate

     4        3        18   

Commercial and Industrial

     15        15        5   

Agricultural

     1        7        3   

Consumer & other loans

     49        30        39   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
     69        59        66   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net Charge Offs

     47        67        726   

Provision for loan loss

     167        128        772   

Acquisition provision for loan loss

     —          —          —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Allowance for Loan & Lease Losses - March 31

   $ 5,344      $ 5,152      $ 5,752   

Allowance for Unfunded Loan Commitments & Letters of Credit March 31

     172        140        152   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Allowance for Credit Losses - March 31

   $ 5,516      $ 5,292      $ 5,904   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Ratio of net charge-offs to average Loans outstanding

     0.01     0.01     0.14
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Ratio of Allowance for Loan Loss to Nonperforming Loans

     128.42     170.43     182.70
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

23


Table of Contents

ITEM 2 MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITIONS AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS (Continued)

MATERIAL CHANGES IN RESULTS OF OPERATIONS (Continued)

 

Provision Expense (Continued)

 

The following table presents the balances for allowance of loan losses by loan type for three months ended March 31, 2013 and March 31, 2012.

 

     March-2013      March-2012  
     Amount
(000’s)
     %
of Portfolio
     Amount
(000’s)
     %
of Portfolio
 

Balance at End of Period Applicable To:

           

Commercial Real Estate

   $ 1,566         43.24       $ 1,570         40.72   

Ag Real Estate

     105         7.40         89         6.45   

Consumer Real Estate

     463         15.91         433         16.16   

Commercial and Industrial

     1,972         18.52         1,859         21.07   

Agricultural

     260         10.70         272         10.97   

Consumer, Overdrafts and other loans

     256         3.98         293         4.39   

Unallocated

     722         0.25         636         0.24   
  

 

 

       

 

 

    

Allowance for Loan & Lease Losses

   $ 5,344          $ 5,152      

Off Balance Sheet Commitments

   $ 172          $ 140      
  

 

 

       

 

 

    

Total Allowance for Credit Losses

   $ 5,516          $ 5,292      
  

 

 

       

 

 

    

The percentage of delinquent loans has trended downward since the beginning of 2010 from a high of 2.85% of total loans in January to .64% as of the end of March 2012. March 2013 remained low at 1.21%. These percentages do not include nonaccrual loans which are not past due. This level of delinquency is due in part to an adherence to sound underwriting practices over the course of time, an improvement in the financial status of companies to which the Bank extends credit, continued financial stability in the agricultural loan portfolio, and the write down of uncollectable credits in a timely manner.

Non-interest Income

Non-interest income was higher for the three months ended March 31, 2013 as compared to same period in March 31, 2012. Improvement in non-interest income was reached in all categories from customer service fees to net gain on sale of securities. The increase in the checking and savings portfolios in terms of number of accounts in 2013 as compared to 2012 has been one of the main factors behind the maintaining of and additional collection of fees. Increases came from debit card usage with the three months 2013 being approximately $99.8 thousand higher in revenue than three months 2012. This revenue stream is very important to the Bank and its ability to offer ‘free’ checking accounts to our customers.

Another factor for the improvement of non-interest income stems from the activity of selling real estate loans into the secondary market. 1-4 family and agricultural real estate loans have benefited from the low rate environment. This activity impacts many areas of non-interest income from gain on the sale of loans, up $319 thousand in comparing three months 2013 to 2012, servicing income, equivalent for the same comparison and the capitalization of mortgage servicing rights, $52 thousand lower as shown in the chart to follow. The capitalization of the servicing rights is included in the customer service fees line on the income statement.

The impact of mortgage servicing rights, both to income and expense, is shown in the following table which reconciles the value of mortgage servicing rights. The capitalization runs through non-interest income while the amortization thereof is included in non-interest expense. A slight impairment in the valuation of the thirty year segment occurred in the fourth quarter of 2012 and remained in the first quarter of 2013.

 

     (In Thousands)  
     2013     2012  

Beginning Balance, January 1

   $ 2,063      $ 2,071   

Capitalized Additions

     132        184   

Amortizations

     (137     (194
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Ending Balance, March 31

     2,058        2,061   

Valuation Allowance

     (16     —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Mortgage Servicing Rights net March 31

   $ 2,042      $ 2,061   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

The Bank was able to continue to take advantage of the opportunity to recognize gains from the sales of securities without impacting the yield of the investment portfolio by marginally extending the maturity duration. The gain in 2013 was based on security sales of $35.1 million.

Loss on sale of assets was lower by $51 thousand in first quarter 2013 as compared to same period 2012. This represents an improvement in non-interest income for the period. This line item includes not only sales of assets but from write-downs to the Bank’s Other Real Estate Owned (ORE) and loss or disposal of fixed assets, though the fixed asset sales are inconsequential. Holdings in ORE decreased to $2.2 million as of March 31, 2013 compared to holdings of $3.6 million as of March 31, 2012. Activity on sales of ORE has increased in 2013 and the Bank expects this to continue throughout and decrease the holdings even further.

Overall non-interest income improved $563 thousand for the three months of operations in 2013 as compared to 2012. It is expected to continue through 2013, specifically in the area of loss on sale of other assets owned.

The movement of income from comprehensive income to realized gain on sale of securities is disclosed in the table to follow. Since the Bank classifies its entire investment portfolio, with the exception of stock, as available for sale, the majority of any gain/loss on the sale is a direct shift of funds from unrealized gain to realized gain. Since the purchase of additional or replacement securities occurs at the same time, those new securities immediately impact the other comprehensive income.

 

24


Table of Contents

ITEM 2 MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITIONS AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS (Continued)

MATERIAL CHANGES IN RESULTS OF OPERATIONS (Continued)

 

Non-interest Income (Continued)

 

     (In Thousands)  
     Three Months Ended
March 31, 2013
    Three Months Ended
March 31, 2012
 

Net Unrealized gain on available-for-sale securities

   $ (916   $ (1,006

Reclassification adjustment for gain on sale of available-for-sale securities

     (221     (169
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net unrealized gains

     (1,137     (1,175

Tax Effect

     387        400   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income

   $ (750   $ (775
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Non-Interest Expense

Non-interest expense for the quarter ended March 31, 2013 was only $271 thousand higher than for the same period of 2012 The largest individual increase in expense is related to the salaries and wages. Salaries and wages were higher by $151 thousand during the three months as compared to the same time frame of 2012. Base pay was higher by 3.7% or $84.4 thousand in 2013 than 2012 with the number of full time equivalent employees having decreased from 250 as of March 31, 2012 to 246 as of March 31, 2013. This percentage is in line with the small increases that were authorized to be implemented throughout the organization for performers. Pension and other employee benefits increased by $16.2 thousand in the same time period. Medical costs increased by $69.5 thousand for the three months ended March 31, 2013 as compared to March 31, 2012. This was due to a higher level of claims accompanied by higher insurance premiums for plan year 2013. Occupancy expense decreased $75 thousand as compared to 2012.

A decrease occurred of $57 thousand in the amortization expense of mortgage servicing rights. When a mortgage is refinanced, any unamortized servicing right is fully expensed and therefore, drives the amortization expense higher within that period. Of the sales and originations shown in the cash flow, $16.0 million were originated and $18.2 million sold from the 1-4 family portfolio which had mortgage servicing rights attached. These were down from $21.7 million in originations and $22.1 million in sales from the same portfolio in first quarter 2012. Therefore, amortization expense from refinancing activity would be expected to be lower, which it is.

Other general and administrative expenses were higher during the three months for 2013 by $187 thousand; as compared to the same three months 2012. Almost half; $84.8 thousand, of the increase is attributed to loan collection fees, including legal. Overall non-interest expense was just $271 thousand higher in 2013 than in 2012. The Company continues to monitor costs to safeguard profitability.

Net Income

Overall, net income was down $132 thousand for the three months ended March 31, 2013, compared to the same period of 2012. The improvement in asset quality that has occurred over the last two years along with lower loan balances enabled the Company to have low levels of provision expense. This coupled with the decrease on ORE write-down and losses summarized in gain/loss on sale of other assets owned of $51 thousand less in 2013 than in 2012, increased gain on sale of loans of $319 thousand in 2013 over 2012, are the largest factors behind the decrease not being larger. Obviously, the gain on sale of securities plays a role in the improvement and the Company is fortunate that the opportunity existed to capture income that has been used to improve profitability the last two years. The decrease in net interest income for the quarter is proof of the importance of the effect of balance sheet mix as the decreased loan balances continues to impact overall asset yield.

The Company is positioned for improvement in the net interest margin while rates remain low, provided there is an increase in loan demand. It will be a challenge to maintain the margin once short term rates begin to rise. However, the Bank remains focused on improving the asset yield through improved asset quality and added spread to prime on variable and adjustable rate loans. As with the rest of the banking industry, the Company is also limited from achieving higher profitability by the cost of increased regulatory requirements such as Regulation E, Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act and any other additional regulations that may be enacted during 2013 and their corresponding cost of compliance. The Company will continue to seek to enhance existing products and services to increase revenue, improve efficiency and increase customer satisfaction.

FORWARD LOOKING STATEMENTS

Statements contained in this portion of the Company’s report may be forward-looking statements, as that term is defined in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements may be identified by the use of words such as “intend,” “believe,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “should,” “planned,” “estimated,” and “potential.” Such forward-looking statements are based on current expectations, but may differ materially from those currently anticipated due to a number of factors, which include, but are not limited to, factors discussed in documents filed by the Company with the Securities and Exchange Commission from time to time. Other factors which could have a material adverse effect on the operations of the Company and its subsidiaries which include, but are not limited to, changes in interest rates, general economic conditions, legislative and regulatory changes, monetary and fiscal policies of the U.S. Government, including policies of the U.S. Treasury and the Federal Reserve Board, the quality and composition of the loan or investment portfolios, demand for loan products, deposit flows, competition, demand for financial services in the Bank’s market area, changes in relevant accounting principles and guidelines and other factors over which management has no control. The forward-looking statements are made as of the date of this report, and the Company assumes no obligation to update the forward-looking statements or to update the reasons why actual results differ from those projected in the forward-looking statements.

 

25


Table of Contents

ITEM 3 QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

Market risk is the exposure to loss resulting from changes in interest rates and equity prices. The primary market risk to which the Company is subject is interest rate risk. The majority of the our interest rate risk arises from the instruments, positions and transactions entered into for purposes, other than trading such as loans, available for sale securities, interest bearing deposits, short term borrowings and long term borrowings. Interest rate risk occurs when interest bearing assets and liabilities re-price at different times as market interest rates change. For example, if fixed rate assets are funded with variable rate debt, the spread between asset and liability rates will decline or turn negative if rates increase.

Interest rate risk is managed within an overall asset/liability framework. The principal objectives of asset/liability management are to manage sensitivity of net interest spreads and net income to potential changes in interest rates. Funding positions are kept within predetermined limits designed to ensure that risk-taking is not excessive and that liquidity is properly managed. In the event that our asset/liabilities management strategies are unsuccessful, our profitably may be adversely affected. The Company employs a sensitivity analysis utilizing interest rate shocks to help in this analysis.

The Company also reviews shocks with a 4.0% fluctuation with a delayed time frame of 10 months. The shocks presented below assume an immediate change of rate in the percentages and directions shown:

 

Interest Rate Shock on Net Interest
Margin
               Interest Rate Shock on Net Interest Income  

Net Interest
Margin (Ratio)

   % Change
to
Flat Rate
    Rate
Direction
   Rate
Changes by
    Cumulative
Total ($000)
     % Change
to
Flat Rate
 

2.25%

     -24.29   Rising      3.00     22,439         -14.64

2.32%

     -21.81   Rising      2.00     22,679         -13.73

2.41%

     -18.93   Rising      1.00     23,001         -12.50

2.97%

     0.00   Flat      0.00     26,287         0.00

2.59%

     -12.74   Falling      -1.00     23,690         -9.88

2.57%

     -13.47   Falling      -2.00     23,210         -11.70

2.35%

     -20.70