Use these links to rapidly review the document
TABLE OF CONTENTS
INDEX TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS OF GEXA CORP.
Table of Contents

As filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on April 28, 2005

Registration No. 333-            



UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549


FORM S-4
REGISTRATION STATEMENT
UNDER
THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933


FPL GROUP, INC.
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)

Florida   4911   59-2449419
(State or Other Jurisdiction of
Incorporation or Organization)
  (Primary Standard Industrial
Classification Code Number)
  (I.R.S. Employer
Identification Number)

700 Universe Boulevard
Juno Beach, Florida 33408
(561) 694-4000
(Address, Including Zip Code, and Telephone Number, Including Area Code, of Registrant's Principal Executive Offices)


Edward F. Tancer, Esq.
Vice President & General Counsel
FPL Group, Inc.
700 Universe Boulevard
Juno Beach, Florida 33408
(561) 694-4000
  Thomas R. McGuigan, P.A.
Steel Hector & Davis LLP
1900 Phillips Point West
777 South Flagler Drive
West Palm Beach, Florida 33401
(561) 650-7200
  Robert J. Reger, Jr., Esq.
Thelen Reid & Priest, LLP
875 Third Avenue
New York, New York 10022
(212) 603-2000

(Name, Address, Including Zip Code, and Telephone Number, Including Area Code, of Agents for Service)


It is respectfully requested that the Commission also send copies of all notices, orders and communications to:

Ira N. Rosner, Esq.
Greenberg Traurig, P.A.
1221 Brickell Avenue
Miami, Florida 33131
(305) 579-0500
  Robert G. Reedy, Esq.
Porter & Hedges, L.L.P.
1000 Main Street, 36th Floor
Houston, Texas 77002
(713) 226-6000

        Approximate date of commencement of proposed sale to the public: As soon as practicable after this Registration Statement becomes effective and upon consummation of the merger described herein.


        If the securities being registered on this Form are being offered in connection with the formation of a holding company and there is compliance with General Instruction G, check the following box. o

        If this Form is filed to register additional securities for an offering pursuant to Rule 462(b) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement number for the same offering. o

        If this Form is a post-effective amendment filed pursuant to Rule 462(d) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering. o



CALCULATION OF REGISTRATION FEE


Title of each Class of Securities to be Registered
  Proposed Maximum Aggregate Offering Price
  Amount of Registration Fee

Common Stock, $.01 par value   $90,270,474(3)   $10,625
Preferred Share Purchase Rights(1)       (2)

(1)
The preferred share purchase rights are attached to and will trade with the common stock. The value attributable to the preferred share purchase rights, if any, is reflected in the market price of the common stock.

(2)
Since no separate consideration is paid for the preferred share purchase rights, the registration fee for such securities is included in the fee related to the common stock.

(3)
Estimated solely for the purpose of calculating the registration fee and computed pursuant to Rules 457(f) and (o) under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, based on (a) $6.56, which is the average of the high and low sales prices of the common stock of Gexa Corp. on the Nasdaq SmallCap Market on April 25, 2005, multiplied by (b) the maximum possible shares of Gexa Corp. common stock to be cancelled pursuant to the merger contemplated in the Agreement and Plan of Merger, dated as of March 28, 2005, by and among FPL Group, Inc., FRM Holdings, LLC, WPRM Acquisition Subsidiary, Inc., and Gexa Corp. (calculated as 13,760,743 shares, including all shares of Gexa Corp. common stock issuable upon the exercise of outstanding options and warrants).

        The registrant hereby amends this registration statement on such date or dates as may be necessary to delay its effective date until the registrant shall file a further amendment which specifically states that this registration statement shall thereafter become effective in accordance with Section 8(a) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or until the registration statement shall become effective on such date as the Securities and Exchange Commission, acting pursuant to said Section 8(a), may determine.




Subject to completion—Dated April 28, 2005

THE INFORMATION IN THIS PROXY STATEMENT/PROSPECTUS IS NOT COMPLETE AND MAY BE CHANGED. FPL GROUP MAY NOT SELL THESE SECURITIES UNTIL THE REGISTRATION STATEMENT FILED WITH THE SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION IS EFFECTIVE. THIS PROXY STATEMENT/PROSPECTUS IS NOT AN OFFER TO SELL THESE SECURITIES AND IT IS NOT SOLICITING AN OFFER TO BUY THESE SECURITIES IN ANY JURISDICTION WHERE THE OFFER OR SALE IS NOT PERMITTED.

GRAPHIC


PROXY STATEMENT

GRAPHIC


PROSPECTUS

MERGER PROPOSED — YOUR VOTE IS VERY IMPORTANT

                        , 2005

Dear Gexa Shareholder:

        It is a pleasure to invite you to the special meeting of Gexa Corp. shareholders on                        , 2005, beginning at 10:00 a.m. Houston time at the location given below.

        At the meeting, you will be asked to approve the Agreement and Plan of Merger, dated as of March 28, 2005, among Gexa Corp., FPL Group, Inc., and two of its subsidiaries, FRM Holdings, LLC and WPRM Acquisition Subsidiary, Inc., as it may be amended from time to time, and the merger thereunder. In the merger, WPRM will merge with and into Gexa and, as a result, Gexa will become an indirect wholly-owned subsidiary of FPL Group.

        After careful consideration, Gexa's board of directors has unanimously approved the merger agreement and the merger, and unanimously recommends that you vote FOR the proposal to approve the merger agreement and the merger.

        If the merger is completed, for each share of Gexa common stock that you hold, you will receive a fraction of a share of FPL Group common stock equal to the quotient (rounded to four decimal points) obtained by dividing $6.88 by the average of the daily closing sale prices of FPL Group common stock for the 10 consecutive trading days ending on the third business day (including such third business day) immediately prior to the closing date of the merger.

        You may call toll free any time beginning May 1, 2005 at (877) 229-9284 for the current 10-day average FPL Group common stock closing price and a preliminary calculation of the fraction of a share of FPL Group common stock that you would receive for each of your Gexa shares of common stock based on that price.

        FPL Group's common stock is listed on the New York Stock Exchange and trades under the symbol "FPL." On                        , FPL Group's closing common stock price was $            .

        To complete the merger, holders of two-thirds of Gexa's outstanding common stock must approve the merger agreement and the merger. Holders of approximately 36.3% of Gexa's outstanding shares of common stock have agreed to vote for the merger agreement and the merger. This means that the holders of approximately 30.4% more of Gexa's outstanding common stock must vote for the merger agreement and the merger to ensure its approval.

        Gexa has scheduled a special meeting to vote on the merger agreement and the merger. If you were a shareholder of record on                        , you may vote at the special meeting. Whether or not you plan to attend, it is very important that you take the time to vote by completing and mailing the enclosed proxy card to Gexa.

        The date, time and place of the special meeting is as follows:

                        , 2005
10:00 A.M. Houston Time
at the offices of: Porter & Hedges, L.L.P.
1000 Main Street, 36th Floor
Houston, Texas 72002

        This proxy statement/prospectus provides you with detailed information about the merger. This document is also the prospectus of FPL Group for FPL Group common stock that will be issued to you in the merger. We encourage you to read this entire document carefully.

        In particular, you should carefully consider the discussion in the section labeled "RISK FACTORS" beginning on page 14 of this proxy statement/prospectus. You can also obtain information about Gexa and FPL Group from documents that each company has filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

    /s/  NEIL M. LEIBMAN      
Neil M. Leibman
Chairman and Chief Executive Officer

        Neither the Securities and Exchange Commission nor any state securities commission has approved or disapproved of the merger described in this proxy statement/prospectus or the securities to be issued pursuant to the merger under this proxy statement/prospectus or determined that this proxy statement/ prospectus is truthful or complete. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.

        This proxy statement/prospectus is dated                        , 2005, and is expected to be first mailed to Gexa shareholders on or about                        , 2005.


Gexa Corp.
20 Greenway Plaza, Suite 600
Houston, Texas 77046


NOTICE OF SPECIAL MEETING OF SHAREHOLDERS

        To Be Held On            , 2005

To our shareholders:

        NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that the special meeting of shareholders of Gexa Corp., a Texas corporation, will be held at 10:00 a.m., Houston time, on                        , 2005, at the offices of Porter & Hedges, L.L.P., 1000 Main Street, 36th Floor, Houston, Texas. At the Gexa special meeting, we will ask you to vote on:

        We have fixed the close of business on                        , 2005 as the record date for the special meeting of Gexa shareholders. Only holders of record of our common stock on that date will be entitled to notice of and to vote at the special meeting of Gexa shareholders or any postponement or adjournment of the special meeting. Approval of the merger agreement and the merger proposal requires the affirmative vote of the holders of two-thirds of the Gexa common stock outstanding as of the record date and entitled to vote thereon.

        Gexa's board unanimously recommends that you vote FOR the approval of the merger agreement and the merger.

        The proxy statement/prospectus describes the proposed merger in more detail. We encourage you to read the entire proxy statement/prospectus carefully, including the merger agreement which is included as Annex A.

        Please complete, sign and promptly return the proxy card in the enclosed prepaid envelope, whether or not you expect to attend the special meeting. You can revoke your proxy in the manner described in this proxy statement/prospectus at any time before it has been voted at the special meeting. Returning your proxy card will not affect your right to vote in person if you chose to attend the special meeting. If you fail to vote by proxy card or at the special meeting, or fail to instruct your broker how to vote any shares that your broker holds for you in its name, or if you abstain, it will have the same effect as voting against the approval of the merger agreement and the merger.

        You should not send Gexa stock certificates with your proxy card. After we complete the merger, the exchange agent will send you written instructions for exchanging Gexa stock certificates for FPL Group common stock.

    By order of the Board of Directors,

 

 


David K. Holeman
Secretary

Houston, Texas
                        , 2005



THIS PROXY STATEMENT/PROSPECTUS INCORPORATES ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

        This proxy statement/prospectus incorporates important business and financial information about FPL Group, Inc., sometimes referred to as FPL Group, from documents that are not included in or delivered with this proxy statement/prospectus. This information is available to you without charge upon request. You can obtain the documents incorporated by reference in this proxy statement/prospectus by requesting them in writing or by telephone from FPL Group at the following address and telephone number:

FPL Group, Inc.
700 Universe Boulevard
Juno Beach, Florida 33408
Attention: Investor Relations
(561) 694-4000

        In addition, the Securities and Exchange Commission maintains an Internet site (http://www.sec.gov) that contains reports, proxy and information statements, and other information regarding issuers that file electronically with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including FPL Group. Also, FPL Group maintains an Internet site (http://www.fplgroup.com). Information included on FPL Group's Internet site is not incorporated by reference in this proxy statement/prospectus.

        Please note that copies of the documents to be provided to you will not include exhibits, unless the exhibits are specifically incorporated by reference into the documents or into this proxy statement/prospectus.

        PLEASE CONTACT FPL GROUP NO LATER THAN                        , 2005 IN ORDER TO RECEIVE TIMELY DELIVERY OF THE DOCUMENTS BEFORE THE SPECIAL MEETING OF GEXA SHAREHOLDERS.

        Also see "Where You Can Find More Information" beginning on page 92.


ABOUT THIS PROXY STATEMENT/PROSPECTUS

        This document, which forms part of a registration statement on Form S-4 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission by FPL Group, constitutes a prospectus of FPL Group under Section 5 of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Securities Act, with respect to the shares of FPL Group common stock to be issued to Gexa shareholders in connection with the merger described in this proxy statement/prospectus, which is sometimes referred to as the merger. This document also constitutes a proxy statement under Section 14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or the Exchange Act, and the rules thereunder, and a notice of meeting with respect to the special meeting of shareholders of Gexa Corp. to consider and vote upon the proposal to approve the merger agreement and the merger.



TABLE OF CONTENTS

        


QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS ABOUT THE FPL GROUP/GEXA MERGER
SUMMARY
  The Companies
  What You Will Receive in the Merger
  Assumption of Stock Options and Warrants
  Reasons for the Merger
  Recommendation of the Board
  Opinion of Gexa's Financial Advisor
  Voting Agreement
  Risk Factors
  Interests of Directors and Officers in the Merger
  Dissenters' Rights
  Conditions to the Merger
  Regulatory Approvals
  Termination of the Merger Agreement
  Termination Payments
  No Solicitation of Competing Transactions
  Income Tax Consequences of the Merger
  Federal Securities Law Consequences
  FPL Group Dividends
  Accounting Treatment
  FPL Group's Common Stock; Comparison of Shareholder Rights
  Forward-Looking Statements
  Selected Historical Financial Information
  FPL Group — Selected Historical Financial Information
  Gexa — Selected Historical Financial Information
  Comparative Per Share Information
  Comparative Per Share Market Price Information
FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
RISK FACTORS
THE SPECIAL MEETING
  Time and Place of Special Meeting
  Matters to be Considered at the Gexa Special Meeting
  Record Date for the Gexa Special Meeting and Voting Rights
  Quorum; Required Votes; Abstentions and Broker Non-Votes
  Proxies; Solicitation of Proxies
  Revocation of Proxies
  Adjournments or Postponements
THE MERGER
  Background of the Merger
  Recommendation of the Board; Gexa's Reasons for the Merger
    Strategic Advantages of the Merger
    Terms of the Merger Agreement and Merger Consideration.
    Risks of the Proposed Merger
  Opinion of Financial Advisor to Gexa
  Interests of Directors and Officers in the Merger
  Federal Income Tax Consequences to Holders of Gexa Common Stock
    General
    Material Tax Consequences of the Merger
    Backup Withholding
    Reporting Requirements
 

i


  Accounting Treatment
  No Dissenters' or Appraisal Rights
  Dividend Policy
  Regulatory Approvals
  Stock Exchange Listing
  Delisting and Deregistration of Gexa Common Stock
  Federal Securities Laws Consequences
THE MERGER AGREEMENT
  Terms of the Merger
    General
    Conversion of Securities
    Fractional Shares
  Exchange of Certificates
    Exchange Procedure
    Stock Options and Other Stock Rights
    No Further Ownership Rights in Gexa Common Stock
    Return of Merger Consideration to FPL Group
    No Liability
  Representations and Warranties
  Covenants
  No Solicitation of Transactions
  Employment Matters
  Indemnification and Insurance
  Limitations of Liability
  Conditions to the Merger
  Termination
  Termination Fees and Expenses
RELATED AGREEMENTS
  Voting Agreement
  Employment Agreement
  Escrow Agreement
BUSINESS OF FPL GROUP
BUSINESS OF GEXA
  Forward-Looking Statements
  Overview and Company History
  Texas Market
  Regulatory Environment
  Operations
  Marketing and Sales
  Other Markets
  Electricity Supply
  Competition
  Subsequent Events
  Properties
  Legal Proceedings
  Market for Gexa's Common Equity, Related Shareholder Matters and Gexa's Purchases of Equity Securities.
    Market Information
    Holders of Common Stock
    Dividends
    Equity Compensation Plan Information
 

ii


  Selected Financial Data
  Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operation
    Overview
    Business Strategy
    Subsequent Events
    Results of Operations
    Revenues
    Cost of Goods Sold
    Gross Profits
    General and Administrative Expenses
    Other financing income (net of expense)
    Year Ended December 31, 2003 Compared to Year Ended December 31, 2002
  Critical Accounting Policies
    Normal Purchases and Sales Accounting
    Revenue and Cost Recognition
    Unbilled Revenue and Accounts Receivable
  Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities
  Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure
  Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
DESCRIPTION OF WPRM ACQUISITION SUBSIDIARY, INC. AND FRM HOLDINGS, LLC
DESCRIPTION OF FPL GROUP'S COMMON STOCK
  General
  Dividend Rights
  Voting Rights and Non-Cumulative Voting
  Liquidation Rights
  Preferred Share Purchase Rights
  FPL Group Preferred Stock
COMPARISON OF RIGHTS OF HOLDERS OF FPL GROUP COMMON STOCK AND GEXA COMMON STOCK
  Authorized Capital Stock
  Number of Directors
  Vacancies on the Board
  Removal of Directors
  Required Shareholder Vote for Certain Shareholder Actions
  Interested Shareholder Transactions
  Control Shares
  Constituencies Provision
  Shareholder Action by Written Consent
  Special Meetings of Shareholders
  Amendments to Governing Documents
  Indemnification of Directors and Officers
  Limitation on Director Liability
  Dissenters' or Appraisal Rights
LEGAL MATTERS
EXPERTS
WHERE YOU CAN FIND MORE INFORMATION

Annex A    Merger Agreement
Annex B    Opinion of Gexa's Financial Advisor
Annex C    Voting Agreement

iii



QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS ABOUT THE FPL GROUP/GEXA MERGER

1.   Q:   What am I being asked to vote upon?

 

 

A:

 

You are being asked to vote to approve a merger agreement entered into among Gexa Corp., FPL Group, Inc. and two of its subsidiaries, FRM Holdings, LLC and WPRM Acquisition Subsidiary, Inc., and the merger thereunder. As a result of the merger, Gexa will become an indirect wholly-owned subsidiary of FPL Group.

2.

 

Q:

 

Why is the merger being proposed?

 

 

A:

 

Among other benefits, the Gexa board concluded that the proposed merger will give Gexa a stronger competitive position in the retail electricity market and greater opportunities for growth than Gexa would have by operating independently, as well as provide Gexa shareholders significantly more liquidity based upon the market for the FPL Group shares that they will receive in the merger. To review the reasons for the merger in greater detail, see "The Merger—Recommendations of the Board; Gexa's Reasons for the Merger", beginning on page 23 of this proxy statement/prospectus.

3.

 

Q:

 

What votes are required to complete the transaction?

 

 

A:

 

To complete the merger, holders of two-thirds of Gexa's outstanding common stock as of the record date,            , 2005, must approve the merger agreement and the merger. Holders of approximately 36.3% of Gexa's outstanding common stock have agreed to vote for the merger. This means that the holders of approximately 30.4% more of Gexa's outstanding common stock as of the record date must vote for the merger to ensure its approval.

4.

 

Q:

 

What will I receive as a result of the merger?

 

 

A:

 

In the merger, you will receive for each of your outstanding shares of Gexa common stock a fraction of a share of FPL Group common stock equal to the quotient (rounded to four decimal points) obtained by dividing $6.88 by the average of the daily closing sale prices of FPL Group common stock for the 10 consecutive trading days ending on the third business day (including such third business day) immediately prior to the closing date of the merger.

5.

 

Q:

 

Will FPL Group issue fractional shares?

 

 

A:

 

You will not receive any fractional shares of FPL Group common stock. Instead you will receive cash in an amount (without interest) rounded to the nearest cent determined by multiplying the average FPL Group common stock closing sale price described in question 4 by the fractional interest to which you would otherwise be entitled.

6.

 

Q:

 

What happens as the market price of FPL Group common stock fluctuates?

 

 

A:

 

The exchange ratio, and therefore the number of shares of FPL Group common stock that you will receive in the merger, is based on the average of the daily closing sale prices of FPL Group common stock, as described above, not on the FPL Group share price on the effective date of the merger or on the date on which your Gexa shares are exchanged for FPL Group shares. Therefore, the value of the FPL common stock you will receive in the merger may be greater or less than $6.88 per share for the Gexa common stock that is exchanged in the merger.

7.

 

Q:

 

How will I know what the actual exchange ratio is?

 

 

A:

 

We will issue a press release prior to the special meeting that will disclose the exchange ratio, assuming that the closing of the merger will occur on or within three business days after the same day as the special meeting. If the closing of the merger is delayed for any reason, then the exchange ratio could change. Additionally, prior to the calculation of the final exchange ratio, you can call toll free at any time beginning May 1, 2005 at (877) 229-9284 to receive hypothetical information about the exchange ratio.
             


8.

 

Q:

 

When do you expect the merger to be completed?

 

 

A:

 

FPL Group and Gexa expect to complete the merger as soon as practicable after Gexa's special meeting and after all of the other conditions to the merger are either satisfied or waived.

9.

 

Q:

 

Will Gexa's shareholders have dissenters' or appraisal rights as a result of the merger?

 

 

A:

 

You will not have appraisal or dissenters' rights under Texas law in connection with the merger or any of the transactions contemplated by the merger agreement.

10.

 

Q:

 

What do I need to do now?

 

 

A:

 

After carefully reading and considering the information contained in this document, please indicate on your proxy card how you want to vote and mail your signed and dated proxy card in the enclosed return envelope as soon as possible.

11.

 

Q:

 

Should I send my stock certificates now?

 

 

A:

 

No. After the merger is completed, the exchange agent will send you written instructions for exchanging your stock certificates.

12.

 

Q:

 

Can I change or revoke my vote?

 

 

A:

 

If you are a shareholder of record, you may revoke a previously-granted proxy and change your vote at any time before your proxy is voted at the special meeting in one of the following ways:

 

 

 

 


 

notifying Gexa in writing at 20 Greenway Plaza, Suite 600, Houston, Texas 77002, Attention: Secretary, that your proxy is revoked;

 

 

 

 


 

submitting another proxy with a later date by mail; or

 

 

 

 


 

attending the special meeting and voting in person (merely attending the special meeting will not revoke your previously-granted proxy and change your vote; you must cast a vote at the special meeting).

 

 

 

 

If your shares are held in the name of a broker, firm, bank or other fiduciary, you must contact the holder of record to determine how to revoke your proxy.

13.

 

Q:

 

If my shares are held in "street name" by my broker, will my broker vote my shares for me without my instructions?

 

 

A:

 

No. You should instruct your broker to vote your shares, following the directions provided by your broker. Your failure to instruct your broker to vote your shares will be the equivalent of voting against the approval of the merger agreement and the merger.

14.

 

Q:

 

What if I plan to attend the special meeting in person?

 

 

A:

 

Gexa recommends that you send in your proxy card in any event.

15.

 

Q:

 

What are the tax consequences to me of the merger?

 

 

A:

 

You generally will not recognize gain or loss for U.S. federal income tax purposes on the exchange of Gexa common stock for FPL Group common stock. To review the tax consequences to Gexa shareholders in greater detail, see "The Merger—Federal Income Tax Consequences to Holders of Gexa Common Stock", beginning on page 33 of this proxy statement/prospectus. The tax consequences to you will depend on your particular situation. We urge you to consult your own tax advisor for an understanding of the tax consequences to you resulting from the merger.
             

2



16.

 

Q:

 

What will happen to Gexa if Gexa does not complete the merger?

 

 

A:

 

If Gexa does not complete the merger, Gexa may be required under certain circumstances to pay FPL Group a termination fee. In addition, significant merger-related costs incurred by Gexa, such as legal, accounting and financial advisor fees, will be paid by Gexa. Also, the price of Gexa common stock may change to the extent that Gexa's current market price reflects a market assumption that we will complete the merger.

17.

 

Q:

 

Who can I call with questions?

 

 

A:

 

If you would like additional copies of this proxy statement/prospectus or the enclosed proxy card or any documents incorporated by reference in or furnished with this proxy statement/prospectus, or, if you have questions about the merger, the merger agreement, the special meeting, or how to vote by proxy, you should contact the following:

 

 

 

 

        Gexa Corp.
        Attention: Secretary
        20 Greenway Plaza, Suite 600
        Houston, Texas 77046
        Telephone: (713) 470-0400
        Toll Free: (866) 301-GEXA
        Fax: (713) 961-7997
        Email: info@gexaenergy.com

3



SUMMARY

        This summary highlights selected information from this document and may not contain all of the information that is important to you. To understand the merger fully and for a more complete description of the legal terms of the merger, you should read carefully this entire proxy statement/prospectus, including the Annexes and the other documents to which we have referred you. See the section labeled "Where You Can Find More Information" on page 92 of this proxy statement/prospectus. We have included page references parenthetically to direct you to more complete descriptions of the topics presented in this summary.


The Companies (Page 52)

FPL Group, Inc.
700 Universe Boulevard
Juno Beach, Florida 33408
(561) 694-4000

        FPL Group, Inc., or FPL Group, was incorporated in Florida in 1984 and is a public utility holding company exempt from substantially all of the provisions of the Public Utility Holding Company Act of 1935, as amended. Its principal subsidiary, Florida Power & Light Company, or FPL, is a rate-regulated utility engaged in the generation, transmission, distribution and sale of electric energy. FPL Group Capital Inc, or FPL Group Capital, a wholly-owned subsidiary of FPL Group, holds the capital stock and provides funding for FPL Group's operating subsidiaries other than FPL. The business activities of these other operating subsidiaries primarily consist of the wholesale electric generation business of FPL Energy, LLC, or FPL Energy.

Gexa Corp.
20 Greenway Plaza, Suite 600
Houston, Texas 77046
(713) 470-0400

        Gexa Corp., or Gexa, which conducts business as Gexa Energy, was incorporated in Texas in 2001 and is a retail electric provider, or REP. Gexa primarily provides electric power to residential and commercial customers in the deregulated Texas electricity market. Gexa also is currently licensed to supply retail electricity power to the Massachusetts and New York electricity markets and has submitted an application to become an electricity provider in Maine.


What You Will Receive in the Merger (Page 38)

        In the merger, you will receive for each of your outstanding shares of Gexa common stock, a fraction of a share of FPL Group common stock equal to the quotient (rounded to four decimal points) obtained by dividing $6.88 by the average of the daily closing sale prices of FPL Group common stock for the 10 consecutive trading days ending on the third business day (including such third business day) immediately prior to the closing date of the merger. You will not receive any fractional shares of FPL Group common stock. Instead you will receive an amount in cash (without interest) rounded to the nearest cent determined by multiplying the average FPL Group common stock sale price described above by the fractional interest to which you would otherwise be entitled.


Assumption of Stock Options and Warrants (Page 39)

        Once we complete the merger, each outstanding option, whether vested or unvested, and warrant to purchase shares of Gexa common stock will be assumed by FPL Group. This means that each such option and warrant will be deemed to constitute an option or warrant to acquire shares of FPL Group common stock on the same terms and conditions pursuant to which such options and warrants were

4



issued by Gexa, adjusted to reflect the exchange ratio and except to the extent that, as a result of the merger, the terms of such options provide for accelerated vesting.


Reasons for the Merger (Page 23)

        In considering the proposed merger, the Gexa board of directors has evaluated, and you should evaluate, a number of factors, including the belief by Gexa's board and management that the proposed merger will provide Gexa with a stronger competitive position in the retail electricity market and greater opportunities for growth than Gexa would have by operating independently, the improved liquidity for the Gexa shareholders based upon the market for the FPL Group shares of common stock that they will receive in the merger and the fairness opinion of Oppenheimer & Co. Inc. After considering the alternative of continuing to operate as an independent entity, the Gexa board believes the merger is in the best long-term interests of Gexa and its shareholders.


Recommendation of the Board (Page 23)

        The Gexa board has unanimously determined that the merger agreement and the merger are fair to you and in your best interests. The Board unanimously recommends that you vote FOR approval of the merger agreement and the merger.


Opinion of Gexa's Financial Advisor (Page 26)

        Oppenheimer & Co. Inc., as financial advisor to Gexa's board, has delivered its written opinion to the board that, as of March 27, 2005, the consideration to be paid in the merger for Gexa common stock was fair from a financial point of view to the Gexa shareholders. The full text of Oppenheimer's opinion is attached as Annex B. The opinion describes important assumptions and limitations and is not a recommendation as to how you should vote on the merger.

Voting Agreement (Page 50)

        Gexa's directors and certain of its executive officers, who are holders of approximately 36.3% of Gexa's outstanding common stock, have agreed to vote for approval of the merger agreement and the merger. Because approval of the merger agreement and the merger requires the affirmative vote of two-thirds of Gexa's outstanding shares of common stock as of the record date,                        , 2005, this means that the holders of approximately 30.4% more of Gexa's outstanding shares of common stock must vote for the approval of the merger agreement and the merger to ensure their approval. Gexa's directors, executive officers and their affiliates, as a group, beneficially own 41.4% of Gexa's outstanding common stock, including certain shares subject to exercisable options and warrants.


Risk Factors

        In evaluating whether to vote for or against the merger, you should carefully consider the "Risk Factors" beginning on page 14.


Interests of Directors and Officers in the Merger (Page 32)

        In considering the Gexa board's recommendation that you vote for the merger agreement and the merger, you should be aware that a number of Gexa's directors and officers have interests in the merger that are different from yours as a Gexa shareholder.

5



        These interests include:


Dissenters' Rights (Page 35)

        Under Texas law, you do not have dissenters' rights with respect to the merger because your shares of Gexa common stock are part of a class that is listed on the Nasdaq SmallCap Market and you will be receiving shares of FPL Group common stock that will be part of a class that is listed on the New York Stock Exchange.


Conditions to the Merger (Page 46)

        The merger will not be completed unless a number of conditions are satisfied or waived. The conditions include, among others:


Regulatory Approvals (Page 36)

        The HSR Act prohibits completion of the merger until a required notification and report form is filed and a required waiting period has expired or been terminated. On April 26, 2005, FPL Group and Gexa filed the required notification and report forms. Neither FPL Group nor Gexa believe that the completion of the merger will result in the violation of the HSR Act or any other applicable antitrust laws.

        In addition, the completion of the merger will require the filing of notices with or the consent of state regulatory authorities in Texas, Massachusetts, Maine and New York that regulate Gexa as a REP. FPL Group and Gexa believe that the necessary consents will be obtained on a timely basis. Except for these filings, the parties to the merger do not believe additional material governmental filings in the United States are required with respect to the merger, other than the filing of articles of merger with the Texas Secretary of State.

6




Termination of the Merger Agreement (Page 48)

        FPL Group and Gexa can agree to terminate the merger agreement without completing the merger. Either one of us can terminate the merger agreement:

        In addition, FPL Group or Gexa can terminate the merger agreement under those circumstances described on pages 48 and 49, including the right of Gexa to terminate the merger agreement if Gexa receives a Superior Acquisition Proposal (as defined in the section below labeled "The Merger Agreement—No Solicitation of Transactions"). Among other things, in order to qualify as a Superior Acquisition Proposal, any competing proposal must be more favorable by at least $3.5 million than the transaction contemplated by the merger agreement.


Termination Payments (Page 49)

        Gexa is required to pay FPL Group a termination payment of $3.25 million if the merger agreement is terminated under those circumstances described on page 49, including if Gexa enters into a transaction constituting a Superior Acquisition Proposal.


No Solicitation of Competing Transactions (Page 44)

        The merger agreement imposes conditions on Gexa's ability to solicit, encourage and participate in discussions with respect to any alternative acquisition transactions with third parties. Gexa's board of directors can, however, provide information or negotiate with third parties as a result of unsolicited proposals to the extent required by their fiduciary duties. Gexa must also promptly notify FPL Group if it receives offers or proposals for any such alternative transactions.


Income Tax Consequences of the Merger (Page 33)

        The merger is intended to be tax-free to you with respect to the exchange of your Gexa stock for FPL Group stock, except with respect to cash received instead of fractional shares of FPL Group common stock.

        The tax consequences of the merger to you will depend on the facts of your own situation. You should consult your tax advisor.


Federal Securities Law Consequences (Page 37)

        All shares of FPL Group common stock received by you in the merger will be freely transferable unless you are considered an "affiliate" of either Gexa or FPL Group for purposes of the Securities Act. Shares held by affiliates may only be resold in transactions permitted by the resale provisions of Rule 145 of the Securities Act (or Rule 144 under the Securities Act in the case of persons who become affiliates of FPL Group) or as otherwise permitted under the Securities Act.


FPL Group Dividends (Page 36)

        FPL Group expects to continue to pay quarterly dividends on its common stock in accordance with its current policy and subject to its financial condition. The amount and timing of dividends on FPL Group's common stock are within the sole discretion of FPL Group's board.

7




Accounting Treatment (Page 35)

        The merger is expected to be accounted for using the purchase method of accounting, which means that the assets and liabilities of Gexa, including its intangible assets, will be recorded on FPL Group's consolidated financial statements at their fair market value. The results of operations and cash flows of Gexa will be included in the consolidated financial statements of FPL Group prospectively commencing from the date that the merger is completed.


FPL Group's Common Stock; Comparison of Shareholder Rights (Pages 77 and 83)

        FPL Group's charter and bylaws and those of certain of its subsidiaries contain various provisions affecting the rights of its common stock and may impede a change of control of FPL Group. In addition, FPL Group has adopted a shareholder rights plan. Gexa and FPL Group are incorporated in different states having differing corporation laws. The governing documents of each company also vary. As a result, you will have different rights as an FPL Group shareholder than you currently have as a Gexa shareholder.


Forward-Looking Statements (Pages 14 and 52)

        Statements in this document and in the documents incorporated by reference in this document are or may be forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. Actual results may differ materially from those expressed in such statements depending on a variety of factors. You should carefully review all information, including the financial statements and the notes to the financial statements, included or incorporated by reference into this document.


Selected Historical Financial Information

        FPL Group and Gexa are providing the following historical financial information to aid you in your analysis of the financial aspects of the merger. The information is only a summary and you should read it together with the consolidated financial statements (including the notes) and other financial information of FPL Group contained in its most recent annual and quarterly reports, which are incorporated by reference, and of Gexa contained elsewhere, in this proxy statement/prospectus, and from which this information was derived. See "Where You Can Find More Information" on page 92.

        The per share data and other financial information contained in this document has been appropriately adjusted to reflect a two-for-one stock split of FPL Group common stock which occurred on March 15, 2005.

8



FPL Group—Selected Historical Financial Information

        The selected financial data in the following table sets forth consolidated balance sheet data as of, and consolidated operating data for, each of the fiscal years in the five-year period ending December 31, 2004 derived from FPL Group's consolidated financial statements audited by Deloitte & Touche, LLP, independent registered public accounting firm. The information below should be read in conjunction with FPL Group's financial statements and notes thereto incorporated by reference in this proxy statement/prospectus.

 
  Years Ended December 31,
 
 
  2004
  2003
  2002
  2001
  2000
 
SELECTED DATA OF FPL GROUP
    (millions, except per share amounts):
                               
 
Operating revenues

 

$

10,522

 

$

9,630

 

$

8,173

 

$

8,217

 

$

6,920

 
  Income before cumulative effect of changes in accounting principles   $ 887 (a) $ 893 (a) $ 695 (b) $ 781 (c) $ 704 (d)
  Cumulative effect of adopting FAS 142, net of income taxes of $143   $   $   $ (222 ) $   $  
  Cumulative effect of adopting FIN 46, net of income taxes of $2   $   $ (3 ) $   $   $  
  Net income   $ 887 (a) $ 890 (e) $ 473 (f) $ 781 (c) $ 704 (d)
  Earnings per share of common stock(g)                                
    Earnings per share before cumulative effect of changes in accounting principles   $ 2.47 (a) $ 2.52 (a) $ 2.01 (b) $ 2.31 (c) $ 2.07 (d)
    Cumulative effect of changes in accounting principles   $   $ (0.01 ) $ (0.64 ) $   $  
    Earnings per share   $ 2.47 (a) $ 2.51 (e) $ 1.37 (f) $ 2.31 (c) $ 2.07 (d)
  Earnings per share of common stock—assuming dilution:(g)                                
    Earnings per share before cumulative effect of changes in accounting principles   $ 2.45 (a) $ 2.51 (a) $ 2.01 (b) $ 2.31 (c) $ 2.07 (d)
    Cumulative effect of changes in accounting principles   $   $ (0.01 ) $ (0.64 ) $   $  
    Earnings per share   $ 2.45 (a) $ 2.50 (e) $ 1.37 (f) $ 2.31 (c) $ 2.07 (d)
  Dividends paid per share of common stock(g)   $ 1.30   $ 1.20   $ 1.16   $ 1.12   $ 1.08  
  Total assets(h)(i)   $ 28,333   $ 26,935   $ 23,185   $ 20,713   $ 18,355  
  Long-term debt, excluding current maturities(h)   $ 8,027   $ 8,723   $ 5,790   $ 4,858   $ 3,976  
  Obligations of FPL under capital lease, excluding current maturities(h)   $   $   $ 140   $ 133   $ 127  

SELECTED DATA OF FPL (millions:)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
  Operating revenues   $ 8,734   $ 8,293   $ 7,378   $ 7,477   $ 6,361  
  Net income available to FPL Group   $ 749   $ 733   $ 717   $ 679 (d) $ 607 (d)
  Total assets(h)   $ 19,114   $ 17,817   $ 16,032   $ 15,174   $ 15,075  
  Long-term debt, excluding current maturities(h)   $ 2,813   $ 3,074   $ 2,364   $ 2,579   $ 2,577  
  Energy sales (kilowatt hour)     103,635     103,202     98,605     93,488     91,969  
 
Energy sales:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
    Residential     50.7 %   51.8 %   51.6 %   50.9 %   50.4 %
    Commercial     40.6     40.1     40.6     40.6     40.2  
    Industrial     3.8     3.9     4.1     4.4     4.1  
    Interchange power sales     2.9     2.3     1.8     2.2     3.1  
    Other(j)     2.0     1.9     1.9     1.9     2.2  
   
 
 
 
 
 
  Total     100.0 %   100.0 %   100.0 %   100.0 %   100.0 %

(Footnotes on following page)

9



(a)
Includes net unrealized mark-to-market gains or losses associated with non-qualifying hedges.

(b)
Includes impairment and restructuring charges, charges related to certain wind projects and leveraged leases, a favorable settlement of litigation with the Internal Revenue Service and net unrealized mark-to-market gains associated with non-qualifying hedges.

(c)
Includes merger-related expenses and net unrealized mark-to-market gains associated with non-qualifying hedges.

(d)
Includes merger-related expenses.

(e)
Includes the cumulative effect of an accounting change and net unrealized mark-to-market gains associated with non-qualifying hedges.

(f)
Includes the cumulative effect of an accounting change, impairment and restructuring charges, charges related to certain wind projects and leveraged leases, a favorable settlement of litigation with the Internal Revenue Service and net unrealized mark-to-market gains associated with non-qualifying hedges.

(g)
The per share information reflects the effect of the two-for-one stock split effective March 15, 2005.

(h)
Reflects the adoption of Financial Accounting Standards Board Interpretation No. (FIN) 46 in July 2003.

(i)
Reflects the adoption of Statement of Financial Accounting Standard No. (FAS) 142 in January 2002.

(j)
Includes the net change in unbilled sales.

10


Gexa—Selected Historical Financial Information

        The selected financial data in the following table sets forth (a) balance sheet data as of December 31, 2002, 2003 and 2004, and statement of operations data for the fiscal years ended December 31, 2002, 2003 and 2004 derived from Gexa's consolidated financial statements audited by Hein & Associates LLP, independent registered public accounting firm and (b) balance sheet data as of December 31, 2001, and statement of operations data for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2001 derived from Gexa's financial statements audited by Grassano Accounting, P.A. Gexa did not have operations during the fiscal year ended December 31, 2000. The information below should be read in conjunction with Gexa's financial statements and notes thereto included elsewhere in this proxy statement/prospectus.

 
  Years Ended December 31,
 
 
  2004
  2003
  2002
  2001
 
 
  (in thousands except for per share data)

 
Statement of Operations Data:                          

Sales

 

$

273,894

 

$

115,143

 

$

19,039

 

$


 
Cost of goods sold     238,206     99,697     14,589      
   
 
 
 
 

Gross profit

 

 

35,688

 

 

15,446

 

 

4,450

 

 


 
Selling, general and administrative expenses     24,144     12,662     3,492     210  
   
 
 
 
 

Income from operations

 

 

11,544

 

 

2,784

 

 

958

 

 

(210

)
Interest income (expense), net     (2,078 )   (428 )   13     (1 )
Gain on extinguishment of debt     688              
Other financing income (expense)     2,062     (3,630 )        
   
 
 
 
 

Income (loss) before provision

 

 

12,216

 

 

(1,274

)

 

971

 

 

(211

)
Provision for income taxes     4,034     922     331      
   
 
 
 
 

Net income (loss)

 

 

8,182

 

 

(2,196

)

 

640

 

 

(211

)

Preferred stock dividend

 

 


 

 

(167

)

 

(50

)

 


 
   
 
 
 
 
 
Net income (loss) available to common shareholders

 

$

8,182

 

$

(2,363

)

$

590

 

$

(211

)
   
 
 
 
 

Earnings (loss) per common share

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
  Basic   $ 0.95   $ (0.31 ) $ 0.08   $ (0.05 )
  Diluted     0.83     (0.31 )   0.07     (0.05 )

Weighted-average shares outstanding:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
  Basic     8,606     7,647     7,328     4,209  
  Diluted     9,835     7,647     7,989     4,209  

Consolidated Balance Sheet Data:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Working capital   $ 12,348   $ 7,763   $ 2,930   $ 364  
Total assets     56,255     38,202     10,988     1,081  
Shareholders' equity     16,410     2,129     3,347     759  

11



Comparative Per Share Information

        We have summarized below the per share information for our respective companies on an historical, pro forma and equivalent basis. The FPL Group information has been adjusted to reflect the two-for-one common stock split effective March 15, 2005. The FPL Group pro forma share information assumes that 1.7 million additional weighted shares and potential shares of FPL Group common stock associated with the merger were outstanding during fiscal year 2004. The Gexa equivalent pro forma share information assumes an exchange ratio of .1742 of a share of FPL Group common stock for each share of Gexa common stock based on the FPL Group common stock closing price as reported on the New York Stock Exchange Composite Transactions Tape on March 24, 2005, the last trading day before the announcement of the merger.

        The merger is not a "significant business combination" for FPL Group under the Securities and Exchange Commission's accounting rules. Therefore, no pro forma financial information has been included in this proxy statement/prospectus, except as provided below.

        The data below should be read in conjunction with FPL Group's consolidated financial statements (and related notes), which are incorporated by reference in this document. See "Where You Can Find More Information" on page 92.

        The companies may have performed differently if they had actually been combined during the periods presented. You should not rely on the pro forma information as being indicative of either the historical results that we would have had or the future results that FPL Group and Gexa will experience after the merger is completed.

 
  At or for the year
ended December 31, 2004

Gexa Historical    
Book value per share of common stock   $1.68
Dividends declared per share of common stock  
Earnings per share of common stock—assuming dilution   $0.83

 


 

At or for the year
ended December 31, 2004

FPL Group Historical    
Book value per share of common stock   $20.83
Dividends declared per share of common stock   $1.30
Earnings per share of common stock—assuming dilution   $2.45

FPL Group Pro Forma

 

 
Book value per share of common stock   $20.78
Dividends declared per share of common stock   $1.30
Earnings per share of common stock—assuming dilution   $2.46

Gexa Equivalent Pro Forma

 

 
Book value per share of common stock   $3.62
Dividends declared per share of common stock   $0.23
Earnings per share of common stock—assuming dilution   $0.43

12



Comparative Per Share Market Price Information

        FPL Group common stock is listed on the New York Stock Exchange and trades under the symbol "FPL." Gexa common stock is listed on the Nasdaq SmallCap Market and trades under the symbol "GEXA." Listed below are the per share closing market prices as reported on the New York Stock Exchange Composite Transactions Tape for shares of FPL Group common stock and on the Nasdaq SmallCap Market for shares of Gexa common stock. We list this information as of March 24, 2005, the last trading day before public announcement of the signing of the merger agreement, and as of May    , 2005, the latest practicable date prior to the printing of this document.

        We also list the implied equivalent per share value for shares of Gexa common stock, which assumes an exchange ratio of .1742 of a share of FPL Group common stock for each share of Gexa common stock based on FPL Group's common stock closing price as reported on the New York Stock Exchange on March 24, 2005, the last trading day before the announcement of the merger, and an exchange ratio of            of a share of FPL Group common stock for each share of Gexa common stock based on FPL Group's common stock closing price as reported on the New York Stock Exchange on May    , 2005, the latest practicable date prior to the printing of this document.

        We urge you to obtain current market quotations for Gexa common stock and FPL Group common stock before voting on the merger.

 
  Gexa
Common Stock
Share Price

  FPL Group
Common Stock
Share Price

  Gexa Share
Common Stock
Equivalent Value

March 24, 2005   $6.88   $39.49   $6.88
May    , 2005            

13



FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

        In connection with the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 (the "Reform Act"), FPL Group is hereby filing cautionary statements identifying important factors that could cause its actual results to differ materially from those projected in forward-looking statements (as such term is defined in the Reform Act) made by or on behalf of FPL Group in this proxy statement/prospectus, in any supplement hereto, in presentations, in response to questions, or otherwise. Any statements that express, or involve discussions as to expectations, beliefs, plans, objectives, assumptions or future events or performance (often, but not always, through the use of words or phrases such as "will likely result", "are expected to", "will continue", "is anticipated", "believe", "could", "estimated", "may", "plan", "potential", "projection", "target", "outlook") are not statements of historical facts and may be forward-looking. Forward-looking statements involve estimates, assumptions and uncertainties. Accordingly, any such statements are qualified in their entirety by reference to, and are accompanied by, the specific factors discussed in "Risk Factors" herein and in the FPL Group reports that are incorporated herein by reference (in addition to any assumptions and other factors referred to specifically in connection with such forward-looking statements) that could cause FPL Group's actual results to differ materially from those contained in forward-looking statements made by or on behalf of FPL Group.

        Any forward-looking statement speaks only as of the date on which such statement is made, and FPL Group does not undertake any obligation to update any forward-looking statement to reflect events or circumstances after the date on which that statement is made or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events. New factors emerge from time to time and it is not possible for management of FPL Group to predict all of those factors, nor can either assess the impact of each of those factors on its business or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statement.

        The issues and associated risks and uncertainties described above are not the only ones FPL Group may face. Additional issues may arise or become material as the energy industry evolves. The risks and uncertainties associated with these additional issues could impair FPL Group's businesses in the future.


RISK FACTORS

        You should consider carefully the following risks, along with the other information contained in this proxy statement/prospectus. The risks and uncertainties described below are not the only ones that may affect FPL Group. Additional risks and uncertainties also may adversely affect FPL Group's business and operations. If any of the following events actually occur, FPL Group's business, financial condition and results of operations could be materially adversely affected.

        FPL Group is subject to complex laws and regulations and to changes in laws and regulations, including initiatives regarding restructuring of the energy industry. FPL holds franchise agreements with local municipalities and counties, and must renegotiate expiring agreements. These factors may have a negative impact on the business and results of operations of FPL Group.

        FPL Group is subject to changes in laws or regulations, including the Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 and the Public Utility Holding Company Act of 1935, changing governmental policies and regulatory actions, including those of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, the Florida Public Service Commission and the utility commissions of other states in which FPL Group and its subsidiaries have operations, and the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, with respect to, among other things, allowed rates of return, industry and rate structure, operation of nuclear power facilities, operation and construction of plant facilities, operation and construction of transmission facilities, acquisition, disposal, depreciation and amortization of assets and facilities, recovery of fuel and purchased power costs, decommissioning costs, return on common equity and equity ratio limits, and

14



present or prospective wholesale and retail competition (including but not limited to retail wheeling and transmission costs). The Florida Public Service Commission has the authority to disallow recovery by FPL of any and all costs that it considers excessive or imprudently incurred.

        The regulatory process generally restricts FPL's ability to grow earnings and does not provide any assurance as to achievement of earnings levels.

        FPL Group is subject to extensive federal, state and local environmental statutes, rules and regulations relating to air quality, water quality, waste management, wildlife mortality, natural resources and health and safety that could, among other things, restrict or limit the output of certain facilities or the use of certain fuels required for the production of electricity and/or require additional pollution control equipment and otherwise increase costs. There are significant capital, operating and other costs associated with compliance with these environmental statutes, rules and regulations, and those costs could be even more significant in the future.

        FPL Group operates in a changing market environment influenced by various legislative and regulatory initiatives regarding deregulation, regulation or restructuring of the energy industry, including deregulation of the production and sale of electricity. FPL Group and its subsidiaries will need to adapt to these changes and may face increasing competitive pressure.

        FPL Group's results of operations could be affected by FPL's ability to renegotiate franchise agreements with municipalities and counties in Florida.

        The operation of power generation facilities, including nuclear facilities, involves significant risks that could adversely affect the results of operations and financial condition of FPL Group.

        The operation of power generation facilities involves many risks, including start up risks, breakdown or failure of equipment, transmission lines or pipelines, use of new technology, the dependence on a specific fuel source or the impact of unusual or adverse weather conditions (including natural disasters such as hurricanes), as well as the risk of performance below expected or contracted levels of output or efficiency. This could result in lost revenues and/or increased expenses. Insurance, warranties or performance guarantees may not cover any or all of the lost revenues or increased expenses, including the cost of replacement power. In addition to these risks, FPL Group's nuclear units face certain risks that are unique to the nuclear industry including the ability to store and/or dispose of spent nuclear fuel, as well as additional regulatory actions up to and including shutdown of the units stemming from public safety concerns, whether at FPL Group's plants or at the plants of other nuclear operators.

        Breakdown or failure of an FPL Energy operating facility may prevent the facility from performing under applicable power sales agreements which, in certain situations, could result in termination of the agreement or incurring a liability for liquidated damages.

        The construction of, and capital improvements to, power generation facilities involve substantial risks. Should construction or capital improvement efforts be unsuccessful, the results of operations and financial condition of FPL Group could be negatively affected.

        FPL Group's ability to successfully and timely complete its power generation facilities currently under construction, those projects yet to begin construction or capital improvements to existing facilities is contingent upon many variables and subject to substantial risks.

        Should any such efforts be unsuccessful, FPL Group could be subject to additional costs, termination payments under committed contracts and/or the write off of its investment in the project or improvement.

15



        The use of derivative contracts by FPL Group in the normal course of business could result in financial losses that negatively impact the results of operations of FPL Group.

        FPL Group uses derivative instruments, such as swaps, options, futures and forwards to manage its commodity and financial market risks, and to a lesser extent, engage in limited trading activities. FPL Group could recognize financial losses as a result of volatility in the market values of these contracts, or if a counterparty fails to perform.

        In the absence of actively quoted market prices and pricing information from external sources, the valuation of these derivative instruments involves management's judgment or use of estimates. As a result, changes in the underlying assumptions or use of alternative valuation methods could affect the reported fair value of these contracts. In addition, FPL's use of such instruments could be subject to prudency challenges and, if found imprudent, cost recovery could be disallowed by the Florida Public Service Commission.

        FPL Group's unregulated businesses, particularly FPL Energy, are subject to risks, many of which are beyond the control of FPL Group, that may reduce the revenues and adversely impact the results of operations and financial condition of FPL Group.

        There are other risks associated with FPL Group's non-rate regulated businesses, particularly FPL Energy. In addition to risks discussed elsewhere, risk factors specifically affecting FPL Energy's success in competitive wholesale markets include the ability to efficiently develop and operate generating assets, the successful and timely completion of project restructuring activities, maintenance of the qualifying facility status of certain projects, the price and supply of fuel, transmission constraints, competition from new sources of generation, excess generation capacity and demand for power. There can be significant volatility in market prices for fuel and electricity, and there are other financial, counterparty and market risks that are beyond the control of FPL Energy. FPL Energy's inability or failure to effectively hedge its assets or positions against changes in commodity prices, interest rates, counterparty credit risk or other risk measures could significantly impair FPL Group's future financial results. In keeping with industry trends, a portion of FPL Energy's power generation facilities operate wholly or partially without long-term power purchase agreements. As a result, power from these facilities is sold on the spot market or on a short-term contractual basis, which may affect the volatility of FPL Group's financial results. In addition, FPL Energy's business depends upon transmission facilities owned and operated by others; if transmission is disrupted or capacity is inadequate or unavailable FPL Energy's ability to sell and deliver its wholesale power may be limited.

        FPL Group's ability to successfully identify, complete and integrate acquisitions is subject to significant risks, including the effect of increased competition resulting from the consolidation of the power industry.

        FPL Group is likely to encounter significant competition for acquisition opportunities that may become available as a result of the consolidation of the power industry. In addition, FPL Group may be unable to identify attractive acquisition opportunities at favorable prices and to successfully and timely complete and integrate them.

        Because FPL Group relies on access to capital markets, the inability to access capital markets on favorable terms may limit the ability of FPL Group to grow its businesses and would likely increase interest costs.

        FPL Group and its subsidiaries rely on access to capital markets as a significant source of liquidity for capital requirements not satisfied by operating cash flows. The inability of FPL Group and its subsidiaries to maintain their current credit ratings could affect their ability to raise capital on favorable terms, particularly during times of uncertainty in the capital markets which, in turn could impact FPL Group's ability to grow its businesses and would likely increase its interest costs.

16



        Weather conditions affect FPL Group's results of operations.

        FPL Group's results of operations are affected by changes in the weather. Weather conditions directly influence the demand for electricity and natural gas and affect the price of energy commodities, and can affect the production of electricity at wind and hydro-powered facilities. In addition, severe weather can be destructive, causing outages and/or property damage, which could require additional costs to be incurred. Recovery of these costs is subject to regulatory action.

        FPL Group is subject to costs and other effects of legal proceedings, as well as changes in or additions to applicable tax laws, rates or policies, rates of inflation, accounting standards, securities laws and corporate governance requirements.

        FPL Group is subject to costs and other effects of legal and administrative proceedings, settlements, investigations and claims; as well as the effect of new, or changes in, tax laws, rates or policies, rates of inflation, accounting standards, securities laws or corporate governance requirements.

        Threats of terrorism and catastrophic events that could result from terrorism may impact the operations of FPL Group in unpredictable ways.

        FPL Group is subject to direct and indirect effects of terrorist threats and activities. Generation and transmission facilities, in general, have been identified as potential targets. The effects of terrorist threats and activities include, among other things, terrorist actions or responses to such actions or threats, the inability to generate, purchase or transmit power, the risk of a significant slowdown in growth or a decline in the U.S. economy, delay in economic recovery in the U.S., and the increased cost and adequacy of security and insurance.

        The ability of FPL Group to obtain insurance and the terms of any available insurance coverage could be affected by national and company-specific events.

        FPL Group's ability to obtain insurance, and the cost of and coverage provided by such insurance, could be affected by national, state or local events as well as company-specific events.

        FPL Group is subject to employee workforce factors that could affect the businesses and financial condition of FPL Group.

        FPL Group is subject to employee workforce factors, including loss or retirement of key executives, availability of qualified personnel, collective bargaining agreements with union employees or work stoppage.

17



THE SPECIAL MEETING

        This proxy statement/prospectus is being mailed on or about                        , 2005 to holders of record of Gexa common stock as of the close of business on                         , 2005, and constitutes notice of the Gexa special meeting in conformity with the requirements of the Texas Business Corporations Act, or TBCA. It is accompanied by a proxy card furnished in connection with the solicitation of proxies by the Gexa board for use at the special meeting and at any adjournments or postponements of the special meeting.


Time and Place of Special Meeting

        The Gexa special meeting is scheduled to be held as follows:


Matters to be Considered at the Gexa Special Meeting

        The purpose of the special meeting of Gexa's shareholders is to consider and vote upon a proposal to approve the merger agreement and the merger. You may also consider and vote upon such other matters as may be properly brought before the Gexa special meeting, including any adjournment or postponement of the special meeting. The merger cannot occur unless the holders of two-thirds of Gexa's outstanding common stock as of the record date vote in favor of the proposal to approve the merger agreement and the merger.


Record Date for the Gexa Special Meeting and Voting Rights

        Only holders of record of Gexa common stock at the close of business on the record date,                         , 2005, are entitled to notice of, and to vote at, the special meeting. At the close of business on the record date, there were                        shares of Gexa common stock outstanding held by approximately    holders of record. Each holder of record of Gexa common stock on the record date will be entitled to one vote for each share held on all matters to be voted upon at the special meeting.

        As of the record date, Gexa's executive officers and directors and their affiliates, as a group, beneficially owned approximately    % of the common stock of Gexa. Concurrent with the signing of the merger agreement, Neil M. Leibman, David K. Holeman and each other member of the Gexa board entered into a voting agreement with FPL Group requiring them to vote, or cause to be voted, the shares owned by them or their affiliates in favor of approval of the merger agreement and the merger, as described under the heading "Related Agreements—Voting Agreement", beginning on page 50 of this proxy statement/prospectus. As of the record date, these individuals collectively owned an aggregate of 3,655,435 outstanding shares (approximately    %) of the outstanding Gexa common stock.


Quorum; Required Votes; Abstentions and Broker Non-Votes

        The presence, in person or by proxy, of the holders of a majority of the outstanding shares of Gexa common stock entitled to vote at the special meeting is necessary to constitute a quorum. Abstentions and broker non-votes, which are executed proxies returned by a broker holding shares in street name that indicate that the broker has not received voting instructions from the beneficial owner of the shares and does not have discretionary authority to vote the shares with respect to the approval of the merger agreement and the merger, will be counted for purposes of determining whether a quorum exists.

18


        Approval of the merger agreement and the merger requires the affirmative vote of two-thirds of the shares of Gexa common stock outstanding as of the record date and entitled to vote.

        All properly executed proxies delivered and not properly revoked will be voted at the special meeting as specified in such proxies. If you do not specify a choice, your shares represented by a signed proxy will be voted "FOR" the approval of the merger agreement and the merger. The failure to submit a vote by proxy card or in person at the special meeting, an abstention or broker non-votes will have the same effect as a vote "AGAINST" the approval of the merger agreement and the merger.


Proxies; Solicitation of Proxies

        To vote by proxy, you should complete your proxy card and mail it in the enclosed postage prepaid envelope. If your shares are held in an account at a brokerage firm, bank or other fiduciary, you must direct such holder how to vote your shares. Your broker, firm, bank or other fiduciary will vote your shares only if you provide directions stating how to vote by following the instructions provided to you by such holder.

        Gexa is not aware of any matter other than approval of the merger agreement and the merger that will be brought before the special meeting. If, however, other matters are properly presented, the persons named as proxies will vote in accordance with their judgment with respect to those matters.

        In addition to this mailing, proxies may be solicited by directors, officers or employees of Gexa in person or by telephone or electronic transmission. None of the directors, officers or employees will be directly compensated for such services. Gexa has retained                        to assist in the distribution and solicitation of proxies. Gexa and FPL Group will share the costs for the services of                        . Gexa will bear all other costs of the solicitation of proxies from holders of Gexa common stock.

        Do not send any stock certificates with your proxy cards. The exchange agent will mail transmittal forms with instructions for the surrender of stock certificates for Gexa common stock to former Gexa shareholders as soon as practicable after the completion of the merger.


Revocation of Proxies

        You may revoke and change your vote at any time prior to the special meeting by:

        If your shares are held in the name of a broker, firm, bank or other fiduciary, you must contact the holder of record to determine how to revoke your proxy.


Adjournments or Postponements

        Although it is not expected, the special meeting may be adjourned or postponed for the purpose of soliciting additional proxies or for other reasons as determined by Gexa's board of directors. Any adjournment or postponement may be made without notice, including by an announcement made at the special meeting, with the approval of the holders of a majority of the voting power represented by the outstanding shares of our common stock present in person or represented by proxy at the special meeting, whether or not a quorum exists. Any signed proxies received by Gexa will be voted in favor of an adjournment or postponement in these circumstances unless a written note on the proxy by the shareholder directs otherwise. If the special meeting is adjourned or postponed for the purpose of soliciting additional proxies or for other reasons, Gexa's shareholders who have already sent in their proxies may revoke them at any time prior to their use.

19



THE MERGER

Background of the Merger

        Gexa has faced major challenges as its operations and business have grown substantially during the last two years and the Texas deregulated retail electricity marketplace continued to mature. The Texas retail electricity market is intensely competitive and barriers to entry are relatively low. As a result, Gexa has in the past and, should it remain independent, would be expected to continue in the future to face competitive pressures from larger organizations that have greater financial resources to finance electricity purchases and pursue higher cost marketing opportunities than Gexa. Furthermore, as electricity prices continue to escalate, Gexa has the challenge associated with obtaining the financing necessary to fund the substantial peak electricity demands from its growing customer base.

        The Gexa board has regularly evaluated different strategies and financing methods for dealing with these challenges. Gexa's ability to borrow money from traditional financial institutions, however, is, as a practical matter, restricted due to its limited operating history, lack of available collateral and various credit restrictions applicable to it. Outside of its credit agreement with TXU Portfolio Management Company LP, or TXU PM, Gexa has typically been limited to lenders that are willing to lend on a second lien or mezzanine basis, the cost of which is usually very high. Alternatively, Gexa has also accessed the private placement equity market for certain of its financing needs. However, these equity transactions are costly and may dilute the interests of Gexa's shareholders.

        Gexa's board also has from time-to-time considered alternatives to traditional financing strategies, including strategic partnerships and business combinations. Since late 2002, Gexa has been approached by various competitors seeking to acquire Gexa's business, typically in the form of a request to purchase Gexa's customer base. Beginning in late May 2004, after the filing of its annual report for fiscal year 2003, Gexa's management was approached by certain nationally-known competitors in the electricity business that were potentially interested in acquiring Gexa. The initial inquiries were discussed by the Gexa board in an executive session following its May 27, 2004 meeting. At the directive of the Gexa board, management continued discussions with these various potential acquirers through the summer of 2004. Unlike many potential acquirers that had previously expressed interest, these competitors generally had strong balance sheets, electricity generation capacity and the ability to obtain more favorable credit terms for electricity purchases.

        At an executive session following the August 26, 2004 Gexa board meeting, the Gexa board authorized management and Tom O'Leary, one of the directors who was involved in most of the discussions, to pursue more specific negotiations with two of the possible acquirers. The Gexa board also authorized management to respond to initial inquiries received from subsidiaries of FPL Group and directed management to interview investment bankers to assist in the evaluation of any acquisition proposals.

        After these initial discussions, certain of the potential acquirers made varying non-binding proposals with offer prices ranging from $5.00 to $5.50 per share. In September 2004, subsidiaries of FPL Group expressed an interest in pursuing negotiations regarding a potential acquisition of Gexa. In order to facilitate discussions, Gexa entered into a confidentiality agreement with FPL Energy Power Marketing, Inc., or FPL EPM, an indirect subsidiary of FPL Group, on September 1, 2004. An initial meeting was scheduled with representatives of subsidiaries of FPL Group on September 17, 2004, to discuss generally their and Gexa's interest in pursuing a potential acquisition. In addition, some preliminary due diligence material regarding Gexa was provided to subsidiaries of FPL Group following the meeting. Representatives of the FPL Group subsidiaries continued gathering information from Gexa's senior management following the meeting; however, from early October 2004 through November 28, 2004, there were no further negotiations regarding any specific transaction and no offer was presented during this period.

20



        During the fourth quarter of 2004, Gexa proceeded with the completion of a private placement transaction for the sale of Gexa common stock and warrants to purchase Gexa common stock. The private placement closed on November 23, 2004. Oppenheimer acted as the placement agent in the private placement transaction. Following the completion of the private placement, Gexa retained Oppenheimer as its exclusive financial advisor in connection with the continuing evaluation of Gexa's strategic opportunities, including possible business combinations.

        On November 29, 2004, Gexa and subsidiaries of FPL Group reinitiated discussions after representatives of the FPL Group subsidiaries contacted Gexa to confirm Gexa's continued interest in a transaction following the completion of its private placement. Several days later, an investment banking organization representing a large gas retailer contacted Gexa to express interest in a possible acquisition of Gexa. Throughout December 2004, management, Mr. O'Leary and Oppenheimer engaged in fact finding meetings with representatives of the FPL Group subsidiaries and the other suitor to determine if there was a sufficient level of interest to justify proceeding with formal discussions in either case.

        In late December 2004, a subsidiary of FPL Group delivered a non-binding term sheet to Gexa proposing a transaction with a value range of between $6.25 to $6.75 per share of outstanding Gexa common stock. Gexa had previously received a non-binding proposal from the competing bidder for a proposed transaction at $6.35 per share of outstanding Gexa common stock, but such proposal was subject to contingencies, including financing and completion of satisfactory due diligence investigation. After completing various due diligence inquiries, management and Mr. O'Leary reviewed the proposals and determined that a transaction with FPL Group and certain of its subsidiaries would be more favorable based on several factors, including:

        In order to facilitate further discussions, Gexa entered into an amendment to the confidentiality agreement with FPL EPM on December 30, 2004. The amendment included a limited exclusivity right in favor of FPL EPM and a standstill provision in favor of Gexa.

        During the week of January 10, 2005, representatives of FPL Group subsidiaries and Gexa commenced more detailed due diligence discussions and management meetings, which continued thereafter. On January 27, 2005, Mr. O'Leary reported to the Gexa board the status of these on-going discussions.

        On February 10, 2005, during a conference call, representatives of subsidiaries of FPL Group outlined to Gexa's management and Mr. O'Leary the terms of a purchase of Gexa in a stock-for-stock merger transaction at a value of approximately $6.50 per share. The board was promptly notified of the offer.

        Thereafter, on February 15, 2005, subsidiaries of FPL Group delivered to Gexa a non-binding term sheet reflecting the terms discussed during the February 10 conference call. The term sheet was distributed to each of the directors. At a special meeting of the board of directors held on February 17, 2005, the Gexa board reviewed and discussed the term sheet at length. Following initial board discussions, the board contacted Gexa's outside counsel, Porter & Hedges, by telephone conference to respond to various questions regarding the term sheet raised by members of the board. Outside counsel discussed, among other things, the board's fiduciary duties with respect to the proposed transaction. The board then contacted its financial advisor, Oppenheimer, by telephone conference to discuss

21



further the items related to the term sheet, including the offer price and general terms of the proposed transaction. After further discussions, the Gexa board authorized management to proceed with more formal negotiations with subsidiaries of FPL Group, including negotiation toward a definitive merger agreement.

        On February 22, 2005, subsidiaries of FPL Group delivered to Gexa a preliminary draft of a merger agreement for the proposed transaction. Thereafter, management, Mr. O'Leary and Gexa's legal and financial advisors engaged in further discussions with various representatives of subsidiaries of FPL Group and their legal counsel to negotiate terms of the merger agreement. Neil Leibman, Gexa's Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, also engaged separate counsel to negotiate with representatives of subsidiaries of FPL Group the terms of his employment by Gexa following the consummation of the merger. In March 2005, Gexa also engaged Oppenheimer to conduct an evaluation of the fairness from a financial point of view of the proposed merger consideration to Gexa's shareholders.

        After further negotiations between the parties, on March 18, 2005, the FPL Group board held a meeting and approved the proposed transaction with Gexa, subject to satisfactory completion of negotiations. The Gexa board also held a meeting on the same day to discuss the terms of the proposed transaction with FPL Group, matters that remained subject to further negotiation, and the methodology and status of Oppenheimer's report as to the fairness from a financial point of view of the merger consideration. Mr. Leibman described the terms of his proposed employment agreement following the merger, as negotiated among Mr. Leibman, his own counsel and FPL Group. After discussion by the board members of Mr. Leibman's proposed employment agreement, lawyers from Porter & Hedges reviewed in detail the board's fiduciary duties in connection with the proposed transaction, the terms of the merger agreement and the status of negotiations of the merger agreement. Representatives of Oppenheimer then described some of the methodologies that would be employed by Oppenheimer in its report on the fairness of the merger consideration. Following lengthy discussion, the Gexa board authorized management to proceed with such negotiations, subject to a review of the final terms at a later board meeting.

        Thereafter, Mr. Leibman, Mr. Holeman and Mr. O'Leary, with the assistance of Gexa's legal and financial advisors, continued negotiations with representatives of subsidiaries of FPL Group and their counsel toward reaching a final definitive merger agreement. However, on March 24, 2005, in a conference call, representatives of Oppenheimer and Mr. Leibman of Gexa informed representatives of subsidiaries of FPL Group that, because of recent trading activity in Gexa's stock, the merger consideration of $6.50 per share was no longer acceptable. Various discussions regarding a potential transaction continued on March 24, 2005, but the parties were not in agreement as to the merger consideration and various other items in the merger agreement.

        On March 25, 2005, through a series of conference calls with Mr. Leibman, Mr. Holeman and Mr. O'Leary, lawyers from Porter & Hedges, representatives of Oppenheimer and representatives of subsidiaries of FPL Group, subsidiaries of FPL Group agreed to increase the merger consideration offered to Gexa shareholders to $6.88 per share. Based on this increase, Gexa agreed to submit the terms of the transaction to its board for final approval. The lawyers from Porter & Hedges, Gexa's management and representatives of FPL Group subsidiaries and legal counsel then proceeded to negotiate the remaining issues related to the merger agreement.

        On March 27, 2005, the Gexa board held a meeting by telephone to consider the final terms of the proposed merger agreement. Prior to the meeting, each director received copies of the final merger agreement and related schedules, Mr. Leibman's proposed employment agreement, the final voting agreement, board resolutions for the approval of the merger agreement and the merger and copies of Oppenheimer's presentation on the fairness from a financial point of view of the merger consideration. Mr. Leibman described the terms of his proposed employment agreement as finally negotiated with representatives of subsidiaries of FPL Group. Then, Mr. Leibman and lawyers from Porter & Hedges

22



reviewed the terms of the merger agreement and related agreements. Following discussion by the board, representatives of Oppenheimer presented its financial analysis with respect to the proposed merger. At the end of his presentation, representatives of Oppenheimer verbally delivered Oppenheimer's opinion that, as of such date and based upon and subject to certain assumptions and matters set forth in the opinion, the merger consideration to be received by the shareholders of Gexa was fair from a financial point of view. Oppenheimer's letter was later delivered by Oppenheimer to Gexa and is attached to this proxy statement/prospectus as Annex B and summarized under "The Merger—Opinion of Financial Advisor to Gexa", on page 26 of this proxy statement/prospectus. Following the presentations and further discussions, Gexa's board unanimously determined that the merger agreement, and the transactions contemplated thereby, were advisable, fair and in the best interests of Gexa and its shareholders, unanimously adopted and approved the merger agreement and the transactions contemplated thereby, and unanimously recommended that shareholders of Gexa approve the merger agreement and the merger.

        Thereafter, effective March 28, 2005, the merger agreement and related documents were executed and delivered. Prior to the opening of trading on the Nasdaq SmallCap Market and New York Stock Exchange on March 28, 2005, FPL Group and Gexa issued a joint press release announcing the execution of the merger agreement.


Recommendation of the Board; Gexa's Reasons for the Merger

        Gexa's board has unanimously approved the merger agreement, has unanimously determined that the merger agreement and the merger are advisable and fair to, and in the best interests of, Gexa and the holders of Gexa's common stock and unanimously recommends that Gexa's shareholders vote "FOR" the approval of the merger agreement and the merger.

        In reaching its determination to recommend the approval of the merger agreement and the merger, the Gexa board consulted with management, as well as its financial and legal advisors, and considered various material factors, which are discussed below. In light of the wide variety of factors that the Gexa board considered in connection with its evaluation of the merger agreement and the merger and the complexity of these matters, the Gexa board did not quantify or otherwise assign relative weights to the factors it considered. In addition, individual members of the board may have given different weights to different factors; however, the Gexa board as a whole made its determinations and recommendations based on the totality of the information presented to and considered by it. The material information and factors considered by the Gexa board were the factors described below. The directors were aware, during the course of such deliberations, of the interests of certain directors and executive officers in the merger described under "The Merger—Interest of Directors and Officers in the Merger" beginning on page 32 of this proxy statement/prospectus.

        Enhanced Strategic Position of Gexa. The Gexa board believed that through an acquisition by FPL Group, it could gain access to FPL Group's substantial resources and experience in the electricity business giving Gexa a stronger competitive position and greater opportunities for growth than Gexa would have by remaining independent. In particular, the board considered the strategic benefits of leveraging FPL Group's strong balance sheet, electrical generation capacity and name-brand recognition with Gexa's marketing platform and customer base in Texas. The material information and factors considered by the Gexa board and which supported the merger for strategic reasons were the following:

23


        Gexa's Business, Financial Condition and Prospects. The Gexa board considered information with respect to the financial condition, results of operation and business of Gexa, on both an historical and prospective basis, and current industry, economic and market conditions. In particular, the board considered

        FPL's Business, Financial Condition and Prospects. The Gexa board considered information with respect to the financial condition, results of operations and businesses of FPL Group, including the due diligence review by Gexa's management regarding FPL Group's businesses, operations, financial condition and prospects.

        The Gexa board also considered:

24


        In the course of legal, accounting and business due diligence and during the negotiation of the merger agreement, Gexa's board also considered challenges and risks inherent in the proposed transaction. The board considered each of the material risks that were known to it, including:

25


        The Gexa board concluded that the potential positive factors outweighed the potential risks inherent in the proposed merger. It should be noted that this explanation of the Gexa board's reasoning and all other information presented in this section are forward-looking in nature and, therefore, should be read in light of the factors discussed herein under the heading "Forward-Looking Statements" beginning on pages 14 and 52 of this proxy statement/prospectus.


Opinion of Financial Advisor to Gexa

        Gexa engaged Oppenheimer & Co. Inc., or Oppenheimer, as its financial advisor to assist in the negotiation of the merger and to render its opinion as to the fairness, from a financial point of view, of the merger consideration. Gexa engaged Oppenheimer based on Oppenheimer's experience and expertise in similar transactions. Oppenheimer is a nationally recognized investment banking firm. Oppenheimer, as part of its investment banking business, is continuously engaged in the valuation of businesses and securities in connection with mergers and acquisitions, negotiated underwritings, secondary distributions of listed and unlisted securities, private placements and valuations for corporate and other purposes.

        At the March 27, 2005 special meeting of the Gexa board of directors, Oppenheimer rendered its oral opinion, which was subsequently confirmed in writing, to the effect that, as of that date and based upon qualifications, assumptions, limitations and other matters set forth in the written opinion, the merger consideration to be received by the shareholders of Gexa was fair from a financial point of view.

        The full text of Oppenheimer's written opinion, which sets forth the assumptions made, matters considered and qualifications and limitations on the review undertaken by Oppenheimer, is attached as ANNEX B to this proxy statement/prospectus and is incorporated by reference. The summary of the Oppenheimer opinion set forth below is qualified in its entirety by reference to the full text of the opinion. HOLDERS OF GEXA COMMON STOCK ARE URGED TO READ THE OPPENHEIMER OPINION IN ITS ENTIRETY. In reading the discussion of the Oppenheimer opinion set forth below, holders of Gexa common stock should be aware that the opinion:

26


        Although Oppenheimer evaluated the fairness, from a financial point of view as of the date of its opinion, of the merger consideration of FPL Group common stock for each share of Gexa common stock to the holders of Gexa common stock, the purchase price per share itself was determined through arms-length negotiations between Gexa and FPL Group. Oppenheimer provided advice to Gexa during the course of such negotiations as requested by the Gexa board of directors. Gexa did not provide specific instructions to, place any limitations on the scope of the investigation by, or place any limitations on the procedures to be followed or factors to be considered by, Oppenheimer in performing its analyses or providing its opinion.

        In arriving at its opinion, Oppenheimer, among other things:

27


        In arriving at its opinion, Oppenheimer assumed and relied upon without independent verification of the accuracy and completeness of the information reviewed by it for the purposes of this opinion. Oppenheimer did not make any independent valuation or appraisal of the assets or liabilities of Gexa, nor was Oppenheimer furnished with any such appraisals.

        With respect to the financial projections of Gexa, Oppenheimer has relied on representations by Gexa's management that they have been reasonably prepared on bases reflecting the best available estimates and judgments of the management of Gexa, as of March 27, 2005, as to the expected future performance of Gexa. Oppenheimer has further relied upon the assurances of the management of Gexa that they are unaware of any facts that would make such information provided to Oppenheimer incomplete, inaccurate or misleading as of the date of Oppenheimer's opinion.

        In arriving at its opinion, Oppenheimer assumed that:

        Oppenheimer's opinion is necessarily based on economic, market and other conditions and the information made available to Oppenheimer as of the date of the opinion. In performing its analyses, Oppenheimer made numerous assumptions with respect to industry performance, general business, economic, market and financial conditions and other matters, many of which are beyond the control of Oppenheimer, Gexa and FPL Group. Any estimates contained in the analyses performed by Oppenheimer are not necessarily indicative of actual values or future results, which may be significantly more or less favorable than suggested by such analyses. Additionally, estimates of the value of businesses or securities do not purport to be appraisals or to reflect the prices at which such businesses or securities might actually be sold. Accordingly, such analyses and estimates are inherently subject to substantial uncertainty.

        The following is a summary of the material reviews and financial and valuation analyses presented by Oppenheimer to the Gexa board of directors at its meeting held on March 27, 2005. In order to understand fully the reviews and financial valuation analyses used by Oppenheimer, any information presented in tabular format must be read together with the text of each summary. The tables alone do not represent a complete description of any such reviews or financial and valuation analyses. This summary does not purport to be a complete description of the analyses underlying the Oppenheimer opinion. All such reviews and financial valuation analyses were based on information available to Oppenheimer on March 27, 2005, and Oppenheimer has not undertaken, and is under no duty, to update any such reviews or financial valuation analyses upon the availability of new information.

        Comparative Stock Price Performance. Oppenheimer conducted historical analyses of closing prices of Gexa common stock and FPL Group common stock. Oppenheimer observed that from March 25, 2004 to March 24, 2005, the closing price of the Gexa common stock increased 1.2% and the closing price of the FPL Group common stock increased 29.4%. Oppenheimer also noted that from March 25, 2004 to March 24, 2005, Gexa's average daily trading volume was 17,939 shares ($98,553) and FPL Group's average daily trading volume was 889,674 shares ($73,392,868).

        Historical Premiums Analysis. Oppenheimer reviewed the historical closing prices of Gexa's common stock over various periods ending March 24, 2005 and the implied historical premium to be paid to Gexa determined by dividing the consideration price per share to be paid for Gexa's common

28



stock by the price per share of Gexa's common stock over such period. Oppenheimer noted the merger consideration to be paid for Gexa's common stock represented a premium to the Company's 10-day, 30-day and year-to-date average closing stock price on both a market and volume weighted average price, or VWAP, basis. The actual exchange ratio for the merger consideration will be based upon the average closing price of FPL Group's common stock for the 10-day period ending on the third business day prior to the closing of the transaction. The following table shows the implied premium to be paid for Gexa's common stock for the various periods through March 24, 2005.

 
  Average Closing
Stock Price

  Purchase Price Premium
Average Closing Stock Price

 
Time Period

 
  Market
  VWAP
  Market
  VWAP
 
10-Day   $ 6.56   $ 6.80   4.9 % 1.2 %
30-Day     6.25     6.39   10.1 % 7.6 %
Year-to-Date     5.71     6.16   20.5 % 11.6 %

        Premiums Paid Analysis. Oppenheimer conducted an analysis of stock price premiums paid to targets by acquirers for a diversified group of mergers and acquisitions, excluding share repurchases from January 1, 2004 through March 25, 2005, having transaction values ranging from $50 million—$110 million, which Oppenheimer considered reasonably comparable in size to the Gexa/FPL Group transaction value, from available data from ThomsonOne Banker. Oppenheimer noted that the premiums analysis necessarily involves complex considerations and judgments concerning many factors that would affect the acquisition value and the premium paid in the transaction including, financial and operating characteristics, form of consideration, acquisition terms and other factors specific to a particular transaction. Oppenheimer compared the proposed common stock per share consideration of these transactions to the one-day prior, one-week prior and one-month prior to public announcement of the respective transaction. Oppenheimer noted that the $6.88 offer price represented a 0.0%, 2.2% and 10.1% premium to Gexa's closing stock price one day prior, one week prior and one month prior to the public announcement. By comparison, the table below provides the range of premiums paid with respect to the comparable transactions analyzed:

 
  Premium Paid
 
Metric
  1-Day
Prior

  One-Week
Prior

  One-Month
Prior

 
Average   27.4 % 25.5 % 31.7 %
Median   22.4 % 21.9 % 28.9 %
Min   (59.7 %) (55.1 %) (59.7 %)
Max   103.6 % 103.6 % 120.7 %

        Relative Contribution Analysis. Oppenheimer calculated the relative financial contribution of each of Gexa and FPL Group to the pro forma combined company, based upon 2005 estimated earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA). Oppenheimer then compared this contribution percentage to the proportion of the market equity value and enterprise value (market equity value less cash, plus debt, minority interest, and preferred stock (book value)), each calculated as of March 24, 2005, that Gexa's shareholders would receive based on the exchange ratio of 0.174, assuming a $6.88 offer price and a closing FPL Group stock price of $39.49 as of March 24, 2005. Oppenheimer observed that Gexa's ownership share of the combined company would be 0.5%, based upon the 0.174 exchange ratio. Set forth below are Gexa's and FPL Group's contribution to certain categories to the illustrative pro forma combined company, including calendar year 2005 estimated EBITDA based on publicly available research estimates for FPL Group and Oppenheimer's estimates for Gexa.

29



Relative Contribution Percentage

 
  Market
Value

  Enterprise
Value

  2005E
EBITDA

 
FPL Group   99.5 % 99.7 % 99.5 %
Gexa   0.5 % 0.3 % 0.5 %

        Selected Comparable Company Analysis. Using recently published publicly available estimates, Oppenheimer compared certain trading and valuation statistics in a selected group of publicly traded companies in the Utility and Energy sectors and the Telecommunications services reseller sector, which in Oppenheimer's judgment, were generally comparable to Gexa for the purposes of this analysis from both a financial and operational perspective. Oppenheimer chose to value only the retail assets of the consolidated multi-utilities, which Oppenheimer believed were more comparable to Gexa's operations; however, Oppenheimer noted that this type of analysis did not necessarily constitute a comparable or complete valuation of these assets. As a result, Oppenheimer made certain assumptions, without independent verification, in this analysis. These companies were:

Company

  Ticker
Multi-Utility—Retail Business Only    
FPL Group (Energy)   FPL
Constellation Energy Group (New Energy Group)   CEG
Centrica (Centrica North America)   N/A
Great Plains Energy (Strategic Energy)   GXP
Reliant Energy (Retail Segment)   RRI
TXU (Retail)   TXU

Company


 

Ticker

Telecommunication Services Resellers    
IDT Corporation   IDTC
Net2Phone, Inc.   NTOP
Primus Telecommunications Group, Inc.   PRTL
Talk America Holdings, Inc.   TALK
Yak Communications Inc.   YAKC

        Oppenheimer utilized the earnings forecasts for these companies from publicly available equity research reports. Oppenheimer's analysis was based on closing stock prices as of March 24, 2005. A summary of the projected multiples of enterprise value (market equity value less cash, plus debt, minority interests and preferred stock (book value)) calculated as of March 24, 2005 to revenues and EBITDA are set forth below:

 
  Enterprise Value/ 2005E
 
  Revenue
  EBITDA
Gexa   0.2x   5.2x
Range of Multiples for Comparable Companies:        
Multi-Utility—Retail Only   0.1x – 2.3x   3.0x – 7.1x
Telecommunication Services Resellers   0.2x – 0.6x   2.1x – 6.2x

Average of Multiples for Comparable Companies:

 

 

 

 
Multi-Utility—Retail Only   0.9x   5.5x
Telecommunication Services Resellers   0.4x   4.3x

        Oppenheimer noted that no company utilized in the comparable company analysis was identical to Gexa. In evaluating the peer group, Oppenheimer made judgments and assumptions with regard to

30



disaggregating selected financial information from the multi-utilities, industry performance, general business, economic, market and financial conditions and many other matters, including the impact of competition.

        Discounted Cash Flow Analysis. Oppenheimer performed a discounted cash flow analysis on the projected cash flows of Gexa for the fiscal years ending December 31, 2005 through December 31, 2009 using projections and assumptions provided by the management of Gexa as guidance. In determining the theoretical or intrinsic value of Gexa, Oppenheimer calculated the estimated present value of the stand-alone, unleveraged, after-tax free cash flows that Gexa could generate for calendar years 2005 through 2009 as derived from discussions with the management of Gexa. For the purpose of this analysis, Oppenheimer calculated a range of estimated terminal values for Gexa by applying multiples ranging from 4.4x to 5.4x to Gexa's 2009 estimated EBITDA. The estimated free cash flows and terminal values were then discounted to present value using a range of discount rates of 19.0% to 31.0%. Gexa's net debt (debt less excess cash) as of December 31, 2004, was subtracted from the sum of the present value of Gexa's cash flows and the present value of Gexa's terminal value to determine the theoretical equity value of Gexa and that resultant was divided by fully-diluted Gexa shares outstanding on a treasury method basis. Based on the above assumptions, this analysis indicated an implied per share equity reference range of $5.97 to $6.62 per share, based on a 25% discount rate.

        Selected Precedent Mergers and Acquisitions Transactions. Oppenheimer compared certain publicly available statistics from SEC filings, company press releases and publicly available research of selected precedent mergers and acquisitions from January 1, 2004 to March 25, 2005 involving companies that operate in the retail electricity distribution industry or in a similar industry, which Oppenheimer deemed comparable to the transaction between Gexa and FPL Group. Oppenheimer compared transaction enterprise value to EBITDA multiples relating to the proposed acquisition of Gexa by FPL Group. The following table presents the transactions that were analyzed:

Target
  Acquirer

Residential Services Group

 

Centrica Plc

ATCO Group (Customers)

 

Centrica Plc

Strategic Energy, LLC

 

Great Plains Energy

        Oppenheimer noted that none of the precedent merger and acquisition transactions above was identical to the merger between Gexa and FPL Group. Several of the transactions were not for the entire business, but rather a segment of a business or were completed in multiple phases or involved non-Texas operations, which make a comparison less relevant. Oppenheimer further noted that the analysis of precedent transactions necessarily involves complex considerations and judgments concerning differences in financial and operating characteristics, form of consideration, acquisition terms and other factors that would necessarily affect the acquisition value of Gexa versus the acquisition value of any other comparable company in general and the transactions above in particular. In contrast, Oppenheimer noted that the average transaction value/latest fiscal year EBITDA for the precedent merger and acquisition transactions was 3.9x.

        Other Considerations. The preparation of a fairness opinion is a complex process that involves various judgments and determinations as to the most appropriate and relevant methods of financial and valuation analysis and the application of those methods to the particular circumstances. The opinion is, therefore, not necessarily susceptible to partial analysis or summary description. Oppenheimer believes that its analyses must be considered as a whole and that selecting portions of its analyses and the factors considered, without considering all of the analyses and factors, including the non-binding acquisition proposals received by Gexa, would create a misleading and incomplete view of the processes underlying its opinion. Oppenheimer did not form an opinion as to whether any individual analysis or

31



factor, whether positive or negative, considered in isolation, supported or failed to support its opinion. In arriving at its opinion, Oppenheimer did not assign any particular weight to any analysis or factor considered by it, but rather made qualitative judgments based upon its experience in providing such opinions and on then-existing economic, monetary, market and other conditions as to the significance of each analysis and factor. In performing its analyses, Oppenheimer, with Gexa's direction, made numerous assumptions with respect to industry performance, general business conditions and other matters, many of which are beyond the control of Gexa or Oppenheimer. Any assumed estimates implicitly contained in Oppenheimer's opinion or relied upon by Oppenheimer in rendering its opinion do not necessarily reflect actual values or predict future results or values. Any estimates relating to the value of the business or securities do not purport to be appraisals or to necessarily reflect the prices at which companies or securities may actually be sold. Oppenheimer's opinion and the analyses described herein were based on information available as of March 27, 2005, and Oppenheimer has not undertaken, and is under no duty, to update any such analyses upon the availability of new information.

        Oppenheimer has previously rendered investment banking services to Gexa and has received customary fees for rendering these services. As part of its compensation for those services, Oppenheimer received and currently holds warrants to purchase 159,250 shares of Gexa common stock at an exercise price of $6.02 per share, subject to adjustment. In the last twelve months, Oppenheimer acted as the sole placement agent for the offering of Gexa's common stock and warrants completed on November 23, 2004. Further, Oppenheimer may actively trade the equity securities of Gexa and FPL Group for its own account and for the accounts of its customers and, accordingly, at any time may hold a long or short position in such securities. Certain officers and employees of Oppenheimer also own securities in Gexa.

        Under its engagement letter, Gexa agreed to pay to Oppenheimer a customary advisory fee, the majority of which is to be paid upon completion of the merger. The compensation is determined on a sliding scale depending on the value of the transaction. The engagement letter provides that the compensation for a transaction valued between $74.0 and $81.0 million will be $1.1 million plus 1.75% of the incremental equity value over $74.0 million. For purposes of determining Oppenheimer's compensation, the transaction is valued at approximately $80.6 million. In addition, Gexa agreed to reimburse Oppenheimer for certain out-of-pocket expenses incurred by Oppenheimer in connection with the merger, including the reasonable fees and disbursements to its legal counsel. Gexa has also agreed to indemnify Oppenheimer against specific liabilities in connection with its engagement, including liabilities under the federal securities laws. Pursuant to a separate engagement letter, Gexa agreed to pay an additional $150,000 to Oppenheimer to be paid in three equal installments due upon execution of the fairness opinion engagement letter, upon rendering the oral fairness opinion and upon inclusion of the fairness opinion in this proxy statement/prospectus, none of which is contingent on the closing of the acquisition.

        The terms of the engagement letters were negotiated at arm's-length between Gexa and Oppenheimer and the Gexa board of directors was aware of the fee arrangements at the time of its approval of the merger agreement.


Interests of Directors and Officers in the Merger

        In considering the recommendation of the Gexa board that Gexa's shareholders adopt and approve the merger agreement and the merger, you should be aware that certain directors and executive officers of Gexa have interests in the merger that are different from, or in addition to, your interests as shareholders of Gexa. The Gexa board was aware of these interests and considered them, among other matters, in adopting and approving the merger agreement and the merger and in recommending that the shareholders adopt and approve the merger agreement and the merger.

32



        Option and Restricted Stock Acceleration. Immediately prior to the effective time of the merger, all of the options held by Gexa's directors and executive officers, as with other option holders, whether or not then vested, will be or become vested and exercisable and shall immediately thereafter be assumed and converted into options to purchase FPL Group common stock in accordance with the provisions of the merger agreement as described in "The Merger Agreement—Exchange of Certificates—Stock Options and Other Stock Rights", beginning on page 39 of this proxy statement/prospectus. In addition, all restricted stock grants held by Gexa's executive officers, as well as other holders of Gexa restricted stock, whether or not then vested, will be or become vested in full.

        The following table discloses for each Gexa executive officer and director the number of restricted stock grants and options that will be subject to accelerated vesting upon the closing of the merger:

Name and Title

  Number of
Non-Vested
Restricted Stock

  Number of
Non-Vested
Stock Options

  Weighted
Average Exercise
Price of
Non-Vested Options

Neil M. Leibman, Chairman & CEO     50,000   $ 2.00  
David K. Holeman, CFO & Secretary   25,000   300,000 (1) $ 4.735
Rod Danielson, V.P. Supply & Forecasting   20,000   83,333   $ 4.56  
David Atiqi, V.P. Sales   20,000   240,000   $ 5.035
Don Aron, Director     35,000   $ 3.463
Dan C. Fogarty, Director     35,000   $ 3.463
Stuart C. Gaylor, Director     35,000   $ 3.463
Tom D. O'Leary, Director     35,000   $ 3.463
Robert C. Orr, Jr., Director     35,000   $ 3.463

(1)
Includes 100,000 stock options that, by agreement, will be granted on May 26, 2005 and will fully vest on the effective date of the merger.

        Indemnification and Insurance. Upon completion of the merger, the surviving corporation will fulfill and honor all of Gexa's existing obligations to indemnify the officers and former directors of Gexa. The surviving corporation will provide indemnification to Gexa's officers and directors to the fullest extent permitted by applicable law for indemnifiable claims arising from acts or omissions prior to the effective time for a period of six years after the effective time of the merger, except as otherwise provided for Mr. Leibman under the terms of his employment agreement as described in "Related Agreements—Employment Agreement", beginning on page 50 of this proxy statement/prospectus.

        Upon completion of the merger, the surviving corporation will provide directors' and officers' liability insurance covering those persons who were covered by Gexa's directors' and officers' liability insurance policy as of the date of the merger agreement for a period of at least six years. However, the surviving corporation will not be required to spend more than 200% of the annual premium currently paid by Gexa for that coverage.

        Employment Agreement. Gexa, FPL Group and Neil Leibman have entered into an employment agreement as described in "Related Agreements—Employment Agreement", beginning on page 50 of this proxy statement/prospectus.


Federal Income Tax Consequences to Holders of Gexa Common Stock

        The following discussion describes the material federal income tax consequences of the merger to you.

33


        This discussion only addresses federal income tax consequences to shareholders holding Gexa common stock as a capital asset at the time of the merger. Additionally, this discussion does not address all aspects of taxation that may be relevant to particular shareholders in light of their personal investment or tax circumstances. Nor does this discussion address all the tax consequences for shareholders subject to special treatment under the federal income tax laws, such as insurance companies, financial institutions, broker-dealers, foreign corporations, tax-exempt organizations, persons holding Gexa common stock as part of a hedge, appreciated financial position, straddle, conversion, or other risk reduction transaction, persons subject to the alternative minimum tax, and persons who are not citizens or residents of the United States. In addition, this discussion does not address any state, local or foreign tax considerations, and may not be applicable to holders who acquired Gexa common stock pursuant to the exercise of options or warrants or otherwise as compensation.

        We urge you to consult your own tax advisor as to the specific tax consequences to you of the merger, including the applicable federal, state, local and foreign tax consequences to you of the merger.

        This discussion is based on the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, or the Internal Revenue Code, applicable Department of Treasury regulations, judicial authority, and administrative interpretations, all as in effect as of the date of this proxy statement/prospectus. Future legislative, judicial, or administrative changes or interpretations may adversely affect the accuracy of the statements and conclusions described in this discussion. Any such changes or interpretations could be applied retroactively and could affect the tax consequences of the merger to you.

        The material federal income tax consequences of the merger will be as follows:

        FPL Group's and Gexa's obligation to complete the merger is conditioned upon their receipt of an opinion from McDermott Will & Emery LLP and Porter & Hedges, L.L.P., respectively, that the merger will be treated as a reorganization within the meaning of Section 368(a) of the Internal

34



Revenue Code. These opinions each rely on assumptions, including assumptions regarding the absence of changes in existing facts and law and the completion of the merger in the manner contemplated by the merger agreement, and customary, factual representations and covenants made by FPL Group, Gexa and others, including those contained in certificates of officers of FPL Group and Gexa. The accuracy of those representations, covenants or assumptions may affect the conclusions set forth in these opinions, in which case the tax consequences of the merger could differ from those discussed here. No ruling has been sought from the Internal Revenue Service as to the United States federal income tax consequences of the merger, and the opinions of counsel will not be binding upon the Internal Revenue Service or any court.

        Under the terms of the merger agreement, each of Gexa, FPL Group, FRM Holdings and WPRM are obligated not to take actions, or cause to be taken, or fail to take actions that are reasonably likely to prevent the merger from being treated as a "reorganization" within the meaning of Section 368(a) of the Internal Revenue Code. FPL Group or its subsidiaries could enter into any number of post merger internal restructuring transactions in compliance with this obligation. FPL Group currently has under evaluation certain post merger internal restructuring transactions, which FPL Group believes will not affect the treatment of the merger as such a tax free reorganization.

        Noncorporate holders of Gexa common stock may be subject to backup withholding at a rate of 28% on cash payments received instead of a fractional share interest in FPL Group common stock. Backup withholding will not apply to you, however, if you who (a) furnish a correct taxpayer identification number and certify, under penalties of perjury, that you are not subject to backup withholding on a Form W-9, (b) provide a certificate of foreign status on Form W-8 or (c) otherwise exempt from backup withholding. A shareholder who fails to provide the correct taxpayer identification number on Form W-9 may be subject to a $50 penalty imposed by the Internal Revenue Service. The Exchange Agent (as defined under "The Merger Agreement—Exchange of Certificates") will provide a Form W-9 to you after the merger.

        You will be required to attach a statement to your tax returns for the taxable year in which the merger is completed that contains the information set forth in Section 1.368-3(b) of the Department of Treasury regulations. The statement must include your tax basis in the Gexa common stock surrendered and a description of the FPL Group common stock received in the merger.


Accounting Treatment

        The merger is expected to be accounted for using the purchase method of accounting, which means that the assets and liabilities of Gexa, including its intangible assets, will be recorded on FPL Group's consolidated financial statements at their fair market value. The results of operations and cash flows of Gexa will be included in the consolidated financial statements of FPL Group prospectively commencing from the date that the merger is completed.


No Dissenters' or Appraisal Rights

        You are not entitled to dissenters' rights or appraisal rights under Texas law in connection with the merger because your shares of Gexa common stock are part of a class that is listed on the Nasdaq SmallCap Market and the FPL Group common stock you will receive in exchange for your Gexa common stock will be part of a class that is listed on the New York Stock Exchange.

35




Dividend Policy

        Quarterly dividends have been paid on FPL Group common stock during the past two years and 2005 to date in the following amounts per share (adjusted to reflect a two-for-one stock split effective March 15, 2005):

Quarter

  2005
  2004
  2003
First   $ 0.355   $ 0.31   $ 0.30
Second         $ 0.31   $ 0.30
Third         $ 0.34   $ 0.30
Fourth         $ 0.34   $ 0.30

        The amount and timing of dividends payable on FPL Group's common stock are within the sole discretion of FPL Group's board. The FPL Group board reviews the dividend rate at least annually (in February) to determine its appropriateness in light of FPL Group's financial position and results of operations, legislative and regulatory developments affecting the electric utility industry in general and FPL in particular, competitive conditions and any other factors the board deems relevant. The ability of FPL Group to pay dividends on its common stock is dependent upon dividends paid to it by its subsidiaries, primarily FPL. There are no restrictions in effect that currently limit FPL's ability to pay dividends to FPL Group.

        FPL Group's charter does not limit the dividends that may be paid on its common stock. As a practical matter, the ability of FPL Group to pay dividends on its common stock is dependent upon dividends paid to it by its subsidiaries, primarily FPL. FPL pays dividends to FPL Group in a manner consistent with FPL's long-term targeted capital structure. FPL's mortgage contains provisions which, under certain conditions, restrict the payment of dividends to FPL Group. In light of FPL's current financial condition and level of earnings, management does not expect that dividends would be affected by these limitations.


Regulatory Approvals

        The HSR Act prohibits FPL Group and Gexa from completing the merger until a required notification and report form is filed and a required waiting period has expired or been terminated. On April 26, 2005, FPL Group and Gexa filed the required notification and report forms. However, neither FPL Group nor Gexa believe that the completion of the merger will result in the violation of the HSR Act or any other applicable antitrust laws.

        In addition, the completion of the merger will require the filing of notices with or the consent of state regulatory authorities in Texas, Massachusetts, Maine and New York that regulate Gexa as a REP. FPL Group and Gexa believe that the necessary consents will be obtained on a timely basis. Except for these filings, the parties to the merger do not believe additional material governmental filings in the United States are required with respect to the merger, other than the filing of the Articles of Merger with the Texas Secretary of State.


Stock Exchange Listing

        The FPL Group common stock to be issued to you in the merger will be listed on the New York Stock Exchange, subject to official notice of issuance. The completion of the merger is conditioned upon the authorization for listing on the New York Stock Exchange of such FPL Group common stock.

36




Delisting and Deregistration of Gexa Common Stock

        Gexa common stock is currently listed on the Nasdaq SmallCap Market under the symbol "GEXA". Following the closing of the merger, Gexa common stock will be delisted from the Nasdaq SmallCap Market and deregistered under the Exchange Act.


Federal Securities Laws Consequences

        All shares of FPL Group common stock received by Gexa shareholders in the merger will be freely transferable under the federal securities laws, except for shares received by persons who are deemed to be "affiliates" of Gexa prior to the completion of the merger. These shares may be resold by them only in transactions permitted by the resale provisions of Rule 145 under the Securities Act of 1933 (or Rule 144 in the case of persons who become affiliates of FPL Group) or as otherwise permitted under the Securities Act of 1933. Persons who may be deemed to be affiliates of FPL Group or Gexa generally include individuals or entities that control, are controlled by, or are under common control with, such parties.

37



THE MERGER AGREEMENT

        The following is a summary of the material terms of the merger agreement. This summary may not contain all of the information that is important to you. This summary is qualified in its entirety by reference to the merger agreement, a copy of which is attached to this proxy statement/prospectus as Annex C and is incorporated herein by reference, and all exhibits and schedules attached to or referenced in the merger agreement. You should read the merger agreement because it, and not this document, is the legal document that governs the terms of the merger and will give you a more complete understanding of the merger.

        The merger agreement has been included to provide you with information regarding its terms. It is not intended to provide any other factual information about FPL Group or Gexa. Such information can be found elsewhere in this proxy statement/prospectus and in the other public filings each of us makes with the Securities and Exchange Commission, which are available without charge at www.sec.gov.

        The merger agreement contains representations and warranties we made to each other. The assertions embodied in those representations and warranties are qualified by information in confidential disclosure schedules that we have exchanged in connection with signing the merger agreement. While we do not believe that they contain information, securities laws require us to publicly disclose other than information that has already been so disclosed, the disclosure schedules do contain information that modifies, qualifies and creates exceptions to the representations and warranties set forth in the attached merger agreement. Accordingly, you should not rely on the representations and warranties as characterizations of the actual state of facts, because they are modified in important part by the underlying disclosure schedules. These disclosure schedules contain information that has been included in FPL Group's and Gexa's general prior public disclosures, as well as additional non-public information. Moreover, information concerning the subject matter of the representations and warranties may have changed since the date of the agreement, which subsequent information may or may not be fully reflected in FPL Group's or Gexa's public disclosures.

        In this Section, unless the context requires otherwise, references to FPL Group includes FRM Holdings and WPRM Acquisition Subsidiary, Inc., or WPRM. References to "we", "us", or "our" mean FPL Group and Gexa collectively.


Terms of the Merger

        The merger agreement contemplates the merger of WPRM, a Texas corporation and an indirect FPL Group subsidiary, into Gexa. After the merger, Gexa will survive as an indirect wholly-owned subsidiary of FPL Group. The merger will become effective upon the filing of articles of merger with the Texas Secretary of State, or at such later time as set forth in such articles of merger. We expect this filing will occur on the same date as the closing under the merger agreement, which, unless we otherwise agree, will occur on or before the third business day after the satisfaction or waiver of the conditions set forth in the merger agreement.

        Each of your shares of Gexa common stock will, upon completion of the merger, be converted into a number of shares of FPL Group common stock equal to an exchange ratio. That exchange ratio will be determined by dividing (i) $6.88, by (ii) the average of the daily closing sale prices of FPL Group common stock on the New York Stock Exchange Composite Transactions Tape for the 10 consecutive trading days ending on the third business day (including such third business day) immediately prior to the closing date of the merger agreement, to which we refer as the Average Closing Date FPL Group Stock Price.

38


        If, between the date of the merger agreement and the effective time of the merger, the number of outstanding shares of Gexa common stock or FPL Group common stock are changed into a different number or class of shares (other than as a result of the merger itself) then the number and type of shares to be received upon completion of the merger will be adjusted appropriately.

        FPL Group will not issue any certificates of scrip representing fractional shares of its common stock in the merger. In lieu of any fractional shares, you will instead be entitled to receive cash (without interest) in an amount equal to such fractional amount multiplied by the Average Closing Date FPL Group Stock Price.


Exchange of Certificates

        After we complete the merger, Computershare Investor Services, LLC, or the Exchange Agent, will mail to each of you a letter of transmittal and instructions for use in surrendering your shares of Gexa common stock in exchange for shares of FPL Group common stock. Upon surrender of your Gexa stock certificate(s) to the Exchange Agent, along with a duly executed letter of transmittal and other documents that may be required by the Exchange Agent, you will be issued that number of whole shares of FPL Group common stock and cash instead of any fractional share of FPL Group common stock, plus any dividends or distributions, which you have the right to receive in the merger. Your Gexa stock certificate(s) will then be cancelled. FPL Group anticipates that rather than issuing physical certificates representing shares of FPL Group common stock, such shares will be issued and delivered through the Exchange Agent's Direct Registration System which provides uncertificated share issuances and stock ownership using book-entry record keeping, following which, shareholders may request physical certificates.

        No dividends or other distributions declared or made after the effective time of the merger on FPL Group common stock with a record date after such effective time will be paid to you, unless you surrender your Gexa stock certificates. Likewise, no cash payment in lieu of fractional shares will be paid to you until you surrender your Gexa stock certificates.

        Once we complete the merger, each option and warrant to purchase shares of Gexa common stock whether vested or unvested, will be assumed by FPL Group. This means that each such option and warrant will be deemed to constitute an option or warrant to acquire shares of FPL Group common stock on the same terms and conditions pursuant to which such options and warrants were issued by Gexa, except to the extent that, as a result of the merger, the terms of such options and warrants provide for accelerated vesting.

        The number of shares of FPL Group common stock issuable upon exercise of these options and warrants and the exercise price at which such options and warrants may be exercised will be determined as follows:

39


        After we complete the merger, FPL Group will deliver to the holders of the options and warrants notices setting forth these adjustments.

        As soon as we complete the merger, the stock transfer books of Gexa will be closed, and there will be no further registration of transfers of Gexa common stock. Any certificates presented to the surviving company after the effective date of the merger will be canceled and exchanged as provided above in the section labeled "—Conversion of Securities".

        Any shares and cash in lieu of fractional shares and related dividends or distributions provided to the Exchange Agent that remain undistributed six months after the date we complete the merger will be returned to FPL Group. Any Gexa shareholder who has not previously complied with the exchange procedures may then look only to FPL Group for payment.

        Neither FPL Group nor Gexa will be liable to any Gexa shareholder or FPL Group shareholder for any undistributed FPL Group common stock or cash in lieu of fractional shares that is delivered to a public official pursuant to any applicable abandoned property or similar laws.


Representations and Warranties

        The merger agreement contains various representations and warranties of Gexa, subject to exceptions set forth in the merger agreement and the disclosure schedules referenced in the merger agreement, relating to, among other things, the following:

40


        The merger agreement also contains customary representations and warranties, subject to exceptions set forth in the merger agreement and the disclosure schedules referenced in the merger agreement, made, jointly and severally, by FPL Group, FRM Holdings and WPRM as to, among other things, the following:

41



Covenants

        It is a condition to the obligation of each party to complete the merger that the other party has performed or complied with its obligations under the merger agreement generally in all material respects. The following summarizes the most significant of these covenants.

        Each of FPL Group, FRM Holdings and Gexa has agreed to the following:

        Gexa also has agreed, among other things, that it will:

42


43


        In addition, FPL Group has agreed to use its commercially reasonable efforts to cause the shares of FPL Group common stock issued in the merger to be listed on the New York Stock Exchange.


No Solicitation of Transactions

        Gexa has agreed that neither it nor any of its subsidiaries or respective agents will, directly or indirectly, take any of the following actions:

        However, prior to the special meeting, Gexa may take the following actions:

44


        In the case of each action referred to above, however, the Gexa board must conclude the following:

        In the event that the Gexa board concludes that the unsolicited proposal is a Superior Acquisition Proposal after following the procedures outlined above, Gexa may terminate the merger agreement, but only after the following:

        If Gexa terminates the merger agreement as a result of its acceptance of a Superior Acquisition Proposal, then Gexa must pay FPL Group a $3.25 million termination fee as further described in the section entitled "The Merger Agreement—Termination Fees and Expenses" beginning on page 49 of this proxy statement/prospectus.

        If, at any time, the Gexa board receives a proposal from a third party, then Gexa must immediately inform FPL Group of the material terms and conditions of such proposal and the identity of the person making it and will keep FPL Group fully informed regarding any significant details or developments with respect to any such proposal and of all significant steps Gexa is taking in response to such proposal.


Employment Matters

        Employees who are currently employed by Gexa or its subsidiaries prior to the closing of the merger will remain employees of Gexa or its subsidiaries following the merger, except to the extent such individuals terminate their employment voluntarily or as a result of their death, retirement or disability. However, such employees will not have a right to continued employment for any period of time after the merger, except as required by law or contract.

45



        For a period of one year following the closing date of the merger, FPL Group will cause Gexa to maintain employee health and welfare plans (excluding bonus or equity-based plans that are not being expressly assumed in the merger) that are substantially comparable to Gexa's plans prior to the merger, unless FPL Group determines in its sole discretion to move employees to FPL Group plans.


Indemnification and Insurance

        All rights of indemnification under Gexa's articles of incorporation, bylaws and indemnification contracts existing in favor of Gexa's directors and officers that were entered into on or prior to March 28, 2005 will survive the merger, but only with respect to indemnifiable claims arising from acts or omissions of such persons prior to the effective date of the merger. FRM Holdings will cause the surviving company to fulfill and honor these obligations for a period of six years following such date.

        For six years after the date we complete the merger, FRM Holdings will cause the surviving company to obtain directors' and officers' liability insurance for acts or omissions occurring prior to the merger covering each person covered by Gexa's directors' and officers' liability insurance at or prior to March 28, 2005. However, the surviving company will not be required to pay more than 200% of the current annual premiums Gexa pays for such insurance.


Limitations of Liability

        The merger agreement limits the liability of FPL Group or its affiliates from any cause whatsoever arising from the merger agreement or any other transaction document which it expressly joins as a party or is bound to not more than $40 million.

        The merger agreement also includes a damages disclaimer to the effect that no party to the merger agreement or the voting agreement shall be liable to any other person for lost profits or any exemplary, punitive, demonstrative, special or consequential damages by reason of any claim or cause of action whatsoever.


Conditions to the Merger

        The respective obligations of FPL Group and Gexa to complete the merger depend on the fulfillment of each of the following conditions:

46


        Gexa's and FPL Group's respective obligations to complete the merger also depend on the satisfaction or waiver by the other party of the following conditions:

        The obligation of FPL Group to complete the merger also depends on the satisfaction or waiver of the following conditions:

47


        The obligation of Gexa to complete the merger also depends on the satisfaction or waiver of the following conditions:


Termination

        The merger agreement may be terminated and the merger may be abandoned, at any time before we complete the merger and before or after you approve the merger, in the following circumstances:

48


        If the merger agreement is terminated as set forth above, all further obligations of the parties under the merger agreement will terminate, except that the parties' obligations under the merger agreement relating to confidentiality, publicity, FPL Group's limitation of liability, the effect of termination and certain other provisions relating to contract construction, such as interpretation and governing law, will survive. However, if the merger agreement is terminated because a party materially breached any representation, warranty or covenant in the merger agreement, the terminating party may pursue all remedies available at law or in equity, subject, in the case of claims against FPL Group, to the liability limits set forth in the merger agreement.


Termination Fees and Expenses

        All expenses incurred in the merger will be paid by the party incurring such expenses, except that the filing fee applicable to the HSR Act and the printing and mailing costs associated with the delivery of the proxy statement and registration statement/prospectus to you will be shared between Gexa and FPL Group.

        Gexa has agreed to pay FPL Group $3.25 million if the merger agreement is terminated by virtue of the following:

        The $3.25 million payment will be FPL Group's sole remedy under the merger agreement in the case of termination by virtue of the provisions outlined in clauses (d), (f) or (g) under the section labeled "—Termination".

49



RELATED AGREEMENTS

Voting Agreement

        The following description summarizes the material provisions of the voting agreement entered into by FPL Group and certain holders of Gexa's common stock. This description is qualified in its entirety by the voting agreement, which is attached as Annex C to this proxy statement/prospectus, and which is incorporated into this proxy statement/prospectus by reference.

        In connection with the execution of the merger agreement, the following shareholders, who in the aggregate own approximately 36.3% of Gexa's outstanding common stock as of March 28, 2005, entered into a voting agreement with FPL Group:

        Under the terms of the voting agreement, each of these shareholders agreed to vote all of their shares of Gexa's common stock in favor of the merger, the merger agreement and the transactions contemplated by the merger agreement. In the event that any such shareholder fails to so vote, the voting agreement provides for the grant of a proxy to FPL Group (or its designees) to vote and otherwise act with respect to such shares of Gexa common stock at any meeting of shareholders or consent in lieu of any such meeting or otherwise, on the merger, the merger agreement and the transactions contemplated by the merger agreement. Under the terms of the voting agreement, if a shareholder acquires the right to vote any additional shares of common stock, the voting agreement will apply to such additional shares.

        Each shareholder that is a party to the voting agreement also agreed as follows:


        These shareholders were not, and will not be, paid any additional consideration in connection with the voting agreement. The voting agreement will terminate if the merger is completed or if the merger agreement is terminated in accordance with its terms.


Employment Agreement

        At FPL Group's request, Gexa and Neil Leibman entered into a new employment agreement to be effective upon the completion of the merger. Under the terms of the employment agreement,

50



Mr. Leibman's current employment agreement with Gexa will terminate automatically and be replaced in its entirety by the new employment agreement on the effective date.

        Following the merger, Mr. Leibman will serve as the President of Gexa. His employment agreement is effective for three years from the effective date of the merger. During the term of the employment agreement, Mr. Leibman will receive a base salary of $350,000 per year and will be eligible for performance-based awards of (i) up to approximately 100% of his base salary under an annual incentive award program and (ii) up to approximately 100% of his base salary under a long-term incentive plan. Furthermore, on the third anniversary of the effective date, if Gexa's annual EBITDA growth rate during the period is greater than 20% and Mr. Leibman remains employed at Gexa, Mr. Leibman is entitled to receive a one-time incentive payment equal to $300,000 for each percentage point of Gexa's annual EBITDA growth rate during the period beginning at 20% and ending at 40% (up to a maximum of $6.0 million if Gexa's annual EBITDA growth rate for the period is 40% or higher). Mr. Leibman will also be entitled to any retirement, welfare and other fringe benefits generally available to other Gexa executives and to the continued benefit of a $3,000,000 prepaid life insurance policy.

        If Mr. Leibman's employment is terminated for cause or if Mr. Leibman terminates his employment without good reason at any time prior to the end of the three year term, Mr. Leibman must pay Gexa liquidated damages equal to $3,653.00 per day for the remaining term of his agreement; provided that, if the termination occurs prior to the second anniversary of the effective date of the merger, Mr. Leibman will be required to pay liquidated damages for the entire three year period (equal to approximately $4.0 million), to the extent permitted by applicable state law.

        If Mr. Leibman's employment is terminated without cause or if Mr. Leibman terminates his employment for good reason, Mr. Leibman will receive a severance payment equal to two times his then-current base salary, payable within 120 days following his termination.

        Under the employment agreement, Mr. Leibman is also subject to certain non-competition, non-solicitation and non-disparagement covenants and prohibitions during the term of the agreement until two years following the latter to occur of (i) the end of the three-year term or (ii) the termination of Mr. Leibman's employment with Gexa. Mr. Leibman will further receive continued indemnification for matters occurring prior to the effective time of the merger; except that his indemnification for matters in respect of his role with Gexa Gold Corporation is limited to $75,000 in the aggregate.


Escrow Agreement

        Effective upon the completion of the merger, Mr. Leibman is also entering into an escrow agreement with FPL Group and Gexa whereby FPL Group shares having a value of $7 million as of the effective date of the merger and otherwise issuable to Mr. Leibman in the merger will be escrowed and subject to a lien in favor of Gexa. The total shares will be split into two escrow accounts: a time-based escrow of $4.0 million and a performance-based escrow of $3.0 million. At Mr. Leibman's option, the shares of FPL Group stock in the time-based escrow may be liquidated at any time with the proceeds to be invested in certain permitted investments and held under the escrow agreement. The escrow agent will distribute remaining amounts under the time-based escrow to Mr. Leibman as follows: 25% on each of the first and second anniversaries and the remainder on the third anniversary of the effective date of the merger. The performance-based escrow will be distributed on the third anniversary of the effective date of the merger subject to an incremental forfeiture of the escrow amount if Gexa's annual EBITDA growth rate for the period is less than 20% (Mr. Leibman loses 6.25% of such escrow amount for each percentage point below 20% and loses all of such escrowed amount if Gexa's annual EBITDA growth rate is less than 12%).

51



BUSINESS OF FPL GROUP

        FPL Group is a public utility holding company, as defined in the Public Utility Holding Company Act of 1935, as amended, exempt from substantially all of the provisions of such Act. It was incorporated in 1984 under the laws of Florida. FPL Group's principal subsidiary, FPL, is a rate-regulated utility engaged in the generation, transmission, distribution and sale of electric energy. FPL Group Capital, a wholly-owned subsidiary of FPL Group, holds the capital stock and provides funding for FPL Group's operating subsidiaries other than FPL. The business activities of these operating subsidiaries primarily consist of FPL Energy's wholesale generation business. At December 31, 2004, FPL Group and its subsidiaries employed approximately 11,900 people.


BUSINESS OF GEXA

        The following discussion of Gexa's business, operations and plans has been prepared on the basis that Gexa is and remains an independent company. Accordingly, if the merger is completed and Gexa becomes an indirect wholly-owned subsidiary of FPL Group, it may be managed differently than if it were to remain independently held.


Forward-Looking Statements

        The following discussion includes "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act and Section 21E of the Exchange Act. All statements other than statements of historical fact are forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements are subject to certain risks, trends and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those projected. Among those risks, trends and uncertainties are Gexa's estimate of the sufficiency of existing capital sources, Gexa's ability to raise additional capital to fund cash requirements for future operations, Gexa's assumptions regarding the competitive restructuring and deregulation of the electricity market, competition from utility companies, Gexa's dependence on the services of certain key personnel and Gexa's ability to manage its growth successfully. Although Gexa believes that in making such forward-looking statements its expectations are based upon reasonable assumptions, such statements may be influenced by factors that could cause actual outcomes and results to be materially different from those projected. Gexa cannot assure you that the assumptions upon which these statements are based will prove to have been correct.

        As used below, the words "expect", "anticipate", "intend", "plan", "believe", "seek", "estimate", "predicts", "projects", "targets", "will likely result", "may", "could" and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements, although not all forward-looking statements contain these identifying words. Because these forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties, actual results could differ materially from those expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements for a number of important reasons, including those discussed in this proxy statement/prospectus.

        You should read these statements carefully because they discuss Gexa's expectations about its future performance, contain projections of Gexa's future operating results or Gexa's future financial condition, or state other "forward-looking" information.

        Gexa cannot guarantee any future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements. Except as required by law, Gexa undertakes no obligation to update any of the forward-looking statements in this proxy statement/prospectus after the date of this proxy statement/prospectus.


Overview and Company History

        Gexa, which does business as Gexa Energy, located in Houston, Texas, is a retail electric provider, or REP. Gexa primarily provides electric power to its residential and commercial customers in the deregulated Texas electricity market. Gexa also is currently licensed to supply retail electricity power to

52



the Massachusetts and New York electricity market and has submitted an application to become an electricity provider in Maine.

        In August 2001, the PUCT, approved Gexa's license to become a REP in Texas. As a REP, Gexa sells electric energy and provides the related billing, customer service, collections and remittance services to residential and commercial customers. Gexa offers its customers the attractive value proposition of lower electricity rates, flexible payment and pricing choices, simple offers with understandable terms and responsive customer service. In general, the Texas regulatory structure permits independent REPs (companies unaffiliated with an incumbent utility in a particular geographic area), such as Gexa, to procure and sell electricity at unregulated prices and pay the local transmission and distribution utilities a regulated tariff rate for delivering electricity to the customers. Gexa is currently one of the largest independent REPs, not affiliated with a utility, operating in Texas that focuses on customers whose peak demand is under one megawatt (defined by the PUCT as "price-to-beat" commercial customers), as measured by total megawatt hours sold and by customer count. Gexa has grown to over 104,000 total meters as of December 31, 2004.

        To date, Gexa has focused its sales efforts on the under one megawatt commercial and the residential multi-family housing (apartment community) segments. Gexa has also begun to deploy several low cost marketing strategies to further penetrate the single-family residential market. Employing several first-to-market, co-marketing partnerships with leading brands, such as Continental Airlines OnePass® and American Airlines AAdvantage® frequent flyer programs, Gexa expects to leverage the brand equity of these partners to provide access to new single-family residential customers without incurring large marketing expenditures. The majority of Gexa's customers are located in the Houston and Dallas markets, although a growing number are located in a variety of other metropolitan and rural areas in south and west Texas, such as Corpus Christi and Lubbock.

        Gexa primarily offers one-year and two-year term contracts to its commercial customers and month-to-month terms to its residential customers. In the under one megawatt commercial segment, Gexa's position as an independent REP allows it to acquire customers primarily by switching the customers away from REPs that are affiliated with an incumbent utility. In the residential market, Gexa has signed marketing agreements with major property management firms to serve their residential and on-site commercial accounts.

        With respect to energy supply, Gexa utilizes an agreement with TXU PM, an unregulated entity of TXU Energy that buys and sells wholesale power, for the procurement of wholesale energy. Gexa serves as its own qualified scheduling entity for open market purchases and sales of electricity. Gexa forecasts its energy demand and conducts procurement activities through an experienced team of in-house professionals. The forecast for electricity load requirements is based on Gexa's aggregate customer base currently served and anticipated weather conditions, as well as forecasted customer acquisition and attrition. Gexa continuously monitors and updates its supply positions based on its retail demand forecasts and market conditions. Its policy is to maintain a balanced supply/demand book to limit commodity risk exposure. Gexa does not currently use derivative instruments, and it does not plan to engage in uncovered or speculative trading of derivative instruments in the future, although Gexa may use derivatives for hedging purposes in the future.

        Gexa's business strategy can be summarized as follows:

53


        Gexa intends to evaluate opportunities to expand its areas of operations in Texas as certain market regions in Texas elect to option-in to deregulation. In addition, there are a number of small REPs within the Texas market, and Gexa intends to monitor the activities of these REPs and to pursue and evaluate opportunities to acquire such REPs to the extent such acquisitions would provide value to it.

        Gexa will also continue to evaluate expansion opportunities in other deregulated electricity markets that offer growth potential in its core under one megawatt commercial, multi-family and single-family residential customers. Beyond Texas, 17 other states and the District of Columbia are currently open to competition in the U.S., with the majority of these in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeast regions. The pace of deregulation in these states varies based on historical moves to competition and responses to market events. While many states continue their support for retail competition and industry restructuring, other states that were considering deregulation have slowed their plans or postponed consideration. In addition, other states are reconsidering deregulation. Gexa recently was approved to become a retail electric provider in New York. Gexa also filed an application to be licensed as a retail electric provider in Maine and began servicing certain of Gexa's existing customers in Massachusetts in March 2005.

        At December 31, 2004, Gexa had 122 full-time employees and 14 part time employees and independent contractors. Gexa's principal executive offices are located at 20 Greenway Plaza, Suite 600, Houston, Texas 77046, and the telephone number is (713) 470-0400.


Texas Market

        In this section, the term "competitive REPs" refers to independent REPs and affiliated REPs, only to the extent operating outside of their incumbent market, and the term "incumbent REPs" refers to affiliate REPs only to the extent operating within their incumbent markets. The term "large commercial" refers to the market segment of non-residential customers whose peak demand over the preceding 12-month period was less than one megawatt but greater than 50 kilowatts. The term "small commercial" refers to the market segment of non-residential customers whose peak demand over the preceding 12-month period was less than 50 kilowatts.

        The Texas deregulated marketplace for under one megawatt customers includes approximately 3,625 large commercial customers, 949,253 small commercial customers and 5.1 million residential customers, which Gexa estimates represent collectively over a $10 billion per annum overall market. Approximately 62%, 27% and 21% of the large commercial, small commercial and residential customers, respectively, in Texas had chosen to be served by a competitive REP as of February 28, 2005, with the remainder being served by the incumbent REP.

        Furthermore, customers choosing to be served by a competitive REP as of February 28, 2005, accounted for 67%, 69% and 26% of peak megawatt demand, measured by usage at February 28, 2005, in the large commercial, small commercial and residential markets, respectively.

54




Regulatory Environment

        Deregulation of the wholesale electricity market in Texas began in 1995 with Senate Bill 373. This enabled independent power generators to establish operations in Texas alongside those of the regulated utilities and gain access to the transmission capabilities of the grid. This foundation, coupled with the passing of Senate Bill 7 in 1999, has enabled an integrated marketplace linking generators, energy delivery companies, retail electric providers, and an independent grid operator, the Electric Reliability Council of Texas, or ERCOT, to offer choice to end-use electricity customers. There are currently five major markets open to competition as defined by ERCOT based on service areas in Texas covered by formerly integrated utilities.

        Effective January 1, 2002, retail customers of independent operating utilities in the ERCOT region of Texas were allowed to choose a REP. A REP serves end-use customers by purchasing its electricity from competing power producers in the wholesale market, receiving delivery services from the regulated transmission and distribution service providers (formerly the integrated utilities) and performing basic customer service functions including billing, collections and handling customer service requests.

        As part of Texas Senate Bill 7, the formerly integrated utilities were essentially split apart into three businesses:

        The REPs that were formed by the previously integrated utilities are referred to as "affiliated REPs" and as "incumbent REPs" when operating in their incumbent market. The incumbent REPs are subject to restrictions on their ability to compete on price in their own markets (the areas previously served by the integrated utility) to foster competition through price discounts from competitors. The two largest affiliated REPs in Texas are TXU Energy and Reliant Energy, who are incumbent REPs in the Dallas/Ft. Worth and Houston areas, respectively. The other affiliated REPs include First Choice (an affiliate of Texas New Mexico Power), American Electric Power/Central Power and Light, and American Electric Power/West Texas Utilities.

        Effective January 1, 2002, all customers previously with the integrated utility, whose electricity demand was under one megawatt (commercial and residential), were transferred to the incumbent REPs to be served on a month-to-month rate, known as the "price-to-beat" until such time that these customers choose to be served by an independent REP. The "price-to-beat" rate, set by the PUCT, was to serve as the benchmark, allowing independent REPs, such as Gexa, the flexibility to set their own prices to customers in each market.

        The "price-to-beat" rule requires the incumbent REPs to charge only one rate in their respective incumbent markets until certain conditions are met. For under one megawatt commercial consumers, incumbent REPs are required to charge the "price-to-beat" until either 40% of the load in the incumbent market is no longer served by the incumbent REP or until January 1, 2005. All of the incumbent REPs met the 40% threshold by the end of 2003, and therefore have the opportunity, but not the obligation, to charge a rate that is lower than the "price-to-beat" for the under one megawatt commercial market.

        For residential customers, prior to January 1, 2005 incumbent REPs could only charge the "price-to-beat". Beginning January 1, 2005, the incumbent REPs may offer a rate that is lower than the "price-to-beat".

55



        For both under one megawatt commercial consumers and residential customers, incumbent REPs are restricted from charging a rate that is higher than the "price-to-beat" in their incumbent market until after January 1, 2007, without the approval of the PUCT.

        Three critical elements required to have a successful retail electricity market are present in Texas:

        In 2004, the PUCT adopted regulations permitting REPs who are not affiliated with the incumbent utility in a particular market to directly disconnect services of customers who fail to pay their bills in a timely manner, with certain exceptions including extreme weather conditions and whether the customer's meter is used to power life support systems. Gexa anticipates that the ability to disconnect delinquent customers will have a positive impact on the receivables collection process for all market participants.

        When Gexa enters deregulated markets outside of Texas, it will be required to operate within the specific regulatory environments of such states and regions. The rules in the other markets do vary from Texas, with some aspects being more favorable and some less favorable than Texas. For example, Gexa currently bears the full risk of bad debt in its Texas markets, including transmission and distribution charges. In most other states, the TDSP collects directly from the customer and bears all of the credit risk, although the per kilowatt-hour margins for REPs are typically lower in these states. Gexa will evaluate the regulatory environment of each market in addition to the other operational, financial and customer considerations before determining whether to pursue a new market opportunity.


Operations

        The primary responsibilities of a REP in Texas include customer account initiation and termination, energy supply management and scheduling, billing/remittance processing, and customer service. ERCOT oversees all aspects of the Texas power grid, and all retail electric providers must be certified by ERCOT to operate in the Texas markets. ERCOT was founded in 1970 to oversee the Texas power grid and under deregulation ERCOT serves as the Independent System Operator, or ERCOT ISO, of the power grid in Texas and enables REPs, generators, TDSPs, and ultimately customers, to operate in a deregulated marketplace in Texas. ERCOT is continuously performing five major processes to support the retail provider:


        In its simplest form, ERCOT is responsible for coordinating and monitoring all communications by and between the power generator, the retail electric provider and the TDSP. ERCOT oversees all

56


aspects of these communications including customer sign up, meter reading and billing between the end user, power generator and REP.

        With respect to account initiation and termination, Gexa utilizes several inbound methods to sign up new customers: telephone, fax, internet, and mail. These orders in turn are processed internally and sent through a service provider, Energy Services Group, to which Gexa refers to as ESG, to ERCOT, then to the TDSPs, and then back to Gexa through ESG. Customers terminate their service in the same way.

        Gexa utilizes ESG, a leading innovator in the automation of back-office business processes for the emerging deregulated energy industry, to process its market transactions for both account initiation/termination and meter reads. ESG, who is a certified processor of retail energy information for ERCOT, provides Gexa with the software and programs to exchange data with ERCOT. This allows Gexa's billing system, the Gexa Energy Management System, or GEMS, to receive and process all information necessary to bill its customers. ESG also provides Gexa testing and system upgrade services to ensure all of its systems are compliant with current regulations and ERCOT protocols, which are ever evolving.

        GEMS not only bills all of Gexa's customers, but also provides critical accounting and reporting data used to track billings, accounts receivable, adjustments to receivables, customer deposits, and reports for managerial decision making. Gexa continues to develop and improve the GEMS system to meet its specific needs for future billing enhancements and to comply with changing ERCOT protocols and PUCT regulations.

        Gexa's customer service function is maintained internally, with customer service representatives able to provide service via the telephone, fax and email and using GEMS as the core customer information system. Most inquiries are for customers making payments over the phone, account initiation/termination, and understanding of the billing and usage data.

        During 2004, Gexa added approximately 20 customer service representatives to handle an increase in meters from approximately 62,000 meters as of December 31, 2003 to approximately 104,000 meters as of December 31, 2004. As a result of the increase in customer service staff, the number of meters serviced per customer representative decreased from 4,000 meters as of December 31, 2003 to 3,000 meters as of December 31, 2004, which has improved Gexa's telephone response times.


Marketing and Sales

        Gexa has focused its marketing and sales effort on commercial accounts under one megawatt (small commercial) and the residential multi-family housing (apartment community) segments. During 2004, Gexa has further penetrated the single-family residential segment. Employing several first-to-market, and co-marketing arrangements with leading brands, such as Continental Airlines OnePass® and American Airlines AAdvantage® frequent flyer programs, Gexa expects to leverage the brand equity of these programs to provide access to new single-family residential customers without incurring large marketing expenditures.

        Gexa's customer base grew in 2004 at an average of 4 to 5 percent monthly during 2004. Its customer base is diverse with no single customer representing more than 3 percent of total revenue in 2004. At December 31, 2004, the majority of Gexa's customers are in the Houston and Dallas markets, with a growing presence in several other metropolitan and rural areas in south and west Texas including the cities of Corpus Christi and Lubbock.

        Gexa primarily offers one-year and two-year term contracts to its small commercial customers and month-to-month terms to its residential customers. The small commercial contracts have cancellation penalties that range from one to four months' energy usage depending on the term. Residential agreements are on a month-to-month basis, which offers Gexa pricing flexibility, but allows the customers to leave Gexa at any time for a nominal fee.

57


        In the small commercial market, Gexa's position as an independent REP allows it to acquire customers primarily by switching the customers away from affiliated REPs. In the residential market, Gexa has signed marketing agreements with major property management firms to serve their residential and on-site commercial accounts. By effectively positioning itself as a low-cost provider and with the endorsement of the on-site property management companies, Gexa's strategy is to continue to cost effectively acquire new customers. Gexa utilizes a combination of internal sales representatives and independent sales representatives to acquire new customers. Its internal sales representatives receive a one-time commission when a customer is acquired, regardless of whether the customer is commercial or residential. Gexa's independent sales representatives earn a one-time commission for residential customers and they earn an ongoing commission for small commercial customers during the duration that Gexa serves the customer.

        During 2004, Gexa continues to benefit from the joint marketing agreement with Continental Airlines, Inc., or Continental. Through the agreement, Continental and Gexa markets its electricity services to all Continental OnePass® members and Continental employees, enabling them to earn OnePass® miles for every dollar spent on electricity. Commissions to Continental from the program are based on monthly invoices received from Continental and are payable in a combination of cash and shares of Gexa's common stock. In conjunction with the Continental joint marketing agreement, Gexa offered two other limited time programs during 2004. During the second quarter of 2004, if a customer signed up for the OnePass® program during the months of June and July and used a Chase credit card, they received 1,000 bonus miles. During the third quarter of 2004, if a customer signed up for the OnePass® program during the months of July, August, or September, and they used an American Express card, they received 1,000 bonus miles. Although these were limited time programs, Gexa continues to maintain active relationships with both Chase and American Express.

        During the second quarter of 2004, Gexa entered into a marketing agreement with American Airlines, Inc., or American Airlines, to participate in the AAdvantage® program. American Airlines' customers also receive AAdvantage® miles for every dollar spent on electricity. Payment to American Airlines occurs when Gexa purchases miles. All miles within the AAdvantage® program are prepaid. This program is similar to the Continental program except that miles are prepaid and payment to American Airlines is only in cash.


Other Markets

        Although Gexa's main service regions are all within the Texas market, Gexa recently obtained a license to provide retail electricity in the Massachusetts and New York markets. Gexa also has submitted an application to provide retail electricity in Maine. Beyond these four markets, there are currently 14 additional states offering deregulated electricity services open to competition in the U.S., with the majority of these in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeast regions. The pace of deregulation in these states varies based on historical moves to competition and responses to market events. While many states continue their support for retail competition and industry restructuring, other states that were considering deregulation have slowed their plans or postponed consideration. In addition, other states are reconsidering deregulation.

        As Gexa enters these new regions and other regions in the future, it will be required to operate within the specific regulatory environments of such states and regions. The rules in these other markets do vary from Texas, with some aspects being more favorable and some less favorable. In Texas, the REP bears the full risk of bad debt, including the transmission and distribution charges, whereas in most other states, the TDSP collects from the customer and is exposed to the bad debt risk, as the REP is paid by the TDSP. However, in such lower risk markets Gexa will likely experience lower margins. Gexa will continue to evaluate the regulatory environment, as well as other operational, financial and customer considerations before making a decision to pursue a new market opportunity.

58




Electricity Supply

        With respect to energy supply in Texas, Gexa utilizes an agreement with TXU PM for the procurement of wholesale energy. Gexa serves as its own qualified scheduling entity for open market purchases and sales of electricity. Gexa forecasts its energy demand and conducts procurement activities through an experienced team of in-house professionals. The forecast for electricity load requirements is based on its aggregate customer base currently served and anticipated weather conditions, as well as forecasted customer acquisition and attrition. Gexa continuously monitors and updates its supply positions based on its retail demand forecasts and market conditions. Gexa's objective is to maintain a balanced supply/demand book to limit commodity risk exposure. Gexa does not currently use derivative instruments and it does not plan to engage in uncovered or speculative trading of derivative instruments in the future, although it may use derivatives for hedging purposes in the future.

        Gexa's agreement with TXU PM provides both a source of electricity supply and vendor financing. Since Gexa's term commercial customer contracts generally have durations of one and two years, it endeavors to match term supply purchases to term customers obligations. Gexa purchases electricity from TXU PM and from third parties based on its forecast of customer demand and monthly purchase limits imposed by TXU PM. Additionally, TXU PM reserves the right to review the credit-worthiness of all customers with peak demand of at least one megawatt. Gexa pays a monthly credit fee to TXU PM based on its monthly electricity purchases from TXU PM, as well as small, fixed monthly administrative fees. TXU PM also provides credit guarantees to Gexa to enable Gexa to purchase electricity from third parties, in return for a monthly fee. The agreement has an initial term of five years, expiring in April 2008, and renews thereafter on a year-to-year basis unless either party gives notice of termination.

        Purchasing this electricity exposes the wholesale electricity provider to credit risk that may exist due to any payment risk. Accordingly, TXU PM has three sources of security from Gexa to support this agreement, as follows:

        Gexa is currently in the process of negotiating agreements for electricity supply in markets outside of Texas.


Competition

        Gexa's competitors in the Texas market broadly fall into two categories:

59


        While Texas has continued to see some new entrants during the past year, most of the focus in both the small commercial and the residential segments is on enticing customers to leave the affiliated REP's service, and not on frequent switching between competitive retailers.


Subsequent Events

        Gexa has also recently undertaken certain changes in its disclosure controls and procedures in connection with a material weakness letter that was received from Gexa's independent auditors, Hein & Associates LLP on March 25, 2005 as are fully described in "Business of Gexa—Management's Discussion and Analysis of the Financial Condition and Results of Operation—Subsequent Events", beginning on page 65 of this proxy statement/prospectus.


Properties

        Gexa's offices are presently located at 20 Greenway Plaza, Suite 600, Houston, Texas 77002. The office facility consists of approximately 27,000 square feet of office space under lease through January 2011. Gexa remains liable for monthly rent obligations under the lease for its old office space at 24 Greenway Plaza, but, during the third quarter of 2004, Gexa entered into a sublease agreement for the old office space whereby the sublease tenant, Consultants Choice Inc., pays approximately 40% of Gexa's monthly rental obligation.


Legal Proceedings

        During 2003, Gexa was sued in the matter of Kyle Holland vs. Gexa Corp. et al. in the United States District Court, Western District of Texas. Mr. Holland alleged damages in connection with his acquisition of Gexa common stock. The complaint seeks unspecified damages. On March 15, 2005, this case was dismissed without prejudice for failure to state a claim. While this lawsuit could be refiled at a later date, Gexa believes the lawsuit has no merit and will vigorously defend any such refiled action.

        On July 15, 2004, a class action lawsuit Frederick T. Pappey, et al. vs. Gexa Corp., Neil Leibman, Marcie Zlotnik and Sarah Veach, Civil Action No. H-04-2869, was filed in the United States District Court for the Southern District of Texas, Houston District. The complaint alleged, among other things, that Gexa's publicly filed reports and public statements contained false and misleading information, which resulted in damages to the plaintiff and members of the proposed class when they purchased Gexa's securities. Specifically, the complaint alleged that Gexa overstated revenue during the second and third quarters of 2003 by $2.07 million and $2.05 million, respectively, by utilizing an improper accounting method for calculating sales of electric power. The complaint alleged that Gexa's conduct and the conduct of the other defendants violated Sections 10(b) and 10b-5 and that the individual defendants violated Section 20(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. The complaint sought unspecified damages. On December 20, 2004, the lawsuit was dismissed without prejudice. While this lawsuit could be refiled at a later date, Gexa believes the lawsuit has no merit and will vigorously defend any such refiled action.

        On November 30, 2004, Gexa entered into a settlement with Cappello Capital Corp., or Cappello, relating to the matter of Cappello Capital Corp. vs. Gexa Corp., originally filed in the Los Angeles

60



Superior Court-West District. Cappello's complaint alleged a breach of contract regarding investment banker fees being claimed by Cappello in connection with the credit facility with Highbridge/Zwirn Special Opportunities Fund, L.P. In exchange for Cappello's agreement to dismiss the lawsuit and release its claims against Gexa, Gexa agreed to: (i) pay Cappello $275,000, (ii) issue to Cappello warrants dated November 1, 2004, to purchase 400,000 shares of Gexa common stock at an exercise price of $4.50 per share, and (iii) issue to Cappello an interest free unsecured promissory note in the principal amount of $500,000. Gexa accrued $1.2 million in the third quarter of 2004 in investment banking charges to other assets as deferred financing cost to be amortized over the life of the Highbridge facility.

        On December 2, 2004, Gexa was sued in the matter of Essential Utilities Corporation v. Gexa Energy Corp., Cause No. 04-12056, in the 191st District Court of Dallas County, Texas. The petition alleges breach of contract, quantum meruit, conversion and unjust enrichment in connection with the alleged nonpayment of consultation fees. The amount of the claim is unknown. This case is in the preliminary stages, and Gexa intends to contest this suit vigorously.

        On January 31, 2005, a lawsuit styled Griffin/Juban Capital Management, L.L.C. d/b/a GC Realty Services v. Gexa Corporation was filed in the 11th Judicial District Court of Harris County, Texas. This lawsuit claims that Gexa agreed to provide Continental frequent flyer miles to the plaintiff in turn for doing business with Gexa. The plaintiff has sued Gexa for breach of contract, fraud and negligent misrepresentation. The amount of damages sought in the lawsuit is unknown. This case is in the preliminary stages, and Gexa intends to contest this suit vigorously.

        On or about February 11, 2005, Gexa was made aware of a potential lawsuit that may be filed by Prenova, Inc. and 24 Hour Fitness USA, Inc. against Gexa and XERS, Inc. d/b/a XCEL Energy, Inc. The proposed complaint claims that Gexa failed to timely provide electrical service to 24 Hour Fitness and, as a result, they incurred substantial damages in the form of significantly higher rates for several months in 2004. The claimants have alleged damages in the amount of $150,000.00 plus interest and attorneys' fees. If filed, Gexa intends to contest this suit vigorously.

        Gexa is also involved in various receivable collections matters as a plaintiff. Gexa believes that there are no pending matters that will have a significant impact on its financial position or results of operations.


Market for Gexa's Common Equity, Related Shareholder Matters and Gexa's Purchases of Equity Securities.

        On August 2, 2004, Gexa's common stock began trading on the Nasdaq SmallCap Market under the stock symbol "GEXA". Prior to August 2, 2004, Gexa's common stock was traded on the OTC:BB market under the symbol "GEXC.OB". Gexa believes that its listing on the Nasdaq SmallCap Market has provided it additional visibility and access to incremental investors and enhanced the liquidity of its common stock.

        The following information presented in the table below shows the high and low bid prices for the periods indicated for 2003 and the high and low bid prices (prior to August 2, 2004) or sales prices

61



(beginning August 2, 2004) for the periods indicated for 2004 and 2005 for Gexa's common stock as reported:

 
  High
  Low
Fiscal Year 2003            
Quarter Ended March 31,   $ 1.90   $ 0.75
Quarter Ended June 30,   $ 1.90   $ 1.10
Quarter Ended September 30,   $ 2.60   $ 1.45
Quarter Ended December 31,   $ 9.00   $ 2.10

Fiscal Year 2004

 

 

 

 

 

 
Quarter Ended March 31,   $ 8.50   $ 3.30
Quarter Ended June 30,   $ 6.60   $ 3.15
Quarter Ended September 30,   $ 6.60   $ 4.30
Quarter Ended December 31,   $ 5.24   $ 4.05

Fiscal Year 2005

 

 

 

 

 

 
Quarter Ended March 31,   $ 7.40   $ 4.60
Quarter Ended June 30 (through April 26, 2005)   $ 6.80   $ 6.45

        As of April 26, 2005, Gexa had approximately 2,395 holders of record of its common stock.

        Gexa has not paid any dividends on its common stock, and does not intend to pay dividends in the foreseeable future. Gexa intends to retain earnings to finance the development and expansion of its business. Payment of dividends in the future will depend, among other things, on Gexa's ability to generate earnings, on its need for capital and on its overall financial condition. The potential for future dividend payments may also be limited by the terms of Gexa's credit agreements.

62


        The following table summarizes Gexa's equity compensation plan information as of April    , 2005. Information is included for both equity compensation plans approved by Gexa's shareholders and equity compensation plans not approved by its shareholders.

PLAN CATEGORY

  Number of Securities
to be Issued Upon
Exercise of
Outstanding Options,
Warrants and Rights

  Weighted-average
Exercise Price of
Outstanding Options,
Warrants and Rights

  Number of Securities
Remaining Available for
Future Issuance Under
Equity Compensation
Plans (Excluding
Securities Reflected
in Column (A))

 
  (A)

  (B)

  (C)

Equity Compensation Plans Approved by Shareholders            

Equity Compensation Plans Not Approved by Shareholders

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Individual Option Agreements

 

1,150,000

 

$1.77

 

0
 
2002 Non-Employee Director Plan

 

400,000

 

$2.00

 

0
 
2004 Incentive Plan

 

1,015,000

 

$4.31

 

485,000
   
 
 

Total

 

2,565,000

 

$2.81

 

485,000
   
 
 


Selected Financial Data

        For selected financial data of Gexa see the section labeled "Summary—Selected Financial Data."


Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operation

        Gexa, which conducts its business as Gexa Energy, located in Houston, Texas, is a REP. As of December 31, 2004, Gexa provided electric power to its residential and commercial customers in the deregulated Texas electricity market. In addition to the states in which it currently operates, Gexa is also licensed to supply retail electricity power by applicable state agencies in Massachusetts and New York and has submitted an application to be a retail provider of electricity in Maine.

        In August 2001, the PUCT approved Gexa's license to become a REP in Texas. As a REP, Gexa sells electric energy and provide the related billing, customer service, collection and remittance services to residential and under one megawatt commercial customers. Gexa offers its customers the attractive value proposition of lower electricity rates, flexible payment and pricing choices, simple offers with understandable terms and responsive customer service. In general, the Texas regulatory structure permits independent REPs (companies unaffiliated with an incumbent utility in a particular geographic area), such as Gexa, to procure and sell electricity at unregulated prices and pay the local TDSPs a regulated tariff rate for delivering electricity to the customers. Gexa is currently one of the largest independent REPs, not affiliated with a utility, operating in Texas that focuses on customers whose peak demand is under one megawatt (defined by the Texas Public Utility Commission as "price-to-beat" commercial customers), as measured by total megawatt hours sold and by meter count. Gexa has grown to over 104,000 total meters as of December 2004, continuing its pattern of base customer growth of 4-5% per month during 2004.

        To date, Gexa has focused its sales efforts on the under one megawatt commercial and the residential multi-family housing (apartment community) segments. Gexa has also begun to deploy

63



several low cost marketing strategies to further penetrate the single-family residential market. Employing several first-to-market, co-marketing partnerships with leading brands, such as Continental Airlines OnePass® and American Airlines AAdvantage® frequent flyer programs, Gexa expects to leverage the brand equity of these partners to provide access to new single-family residential customers, without incurring large marketing expenditures. As of December 31, 2004, the majority of Gexa's customers were located in the Houston and Dallas markets, although a growing number are located in a variety of other metropolitan and rural areas in south and west Texas, such as Corpus Christi and Lubbock.

        With respect to energy supply, Gexa utilizes an agreement with TXU PM, for the procurement of wholesale energy. Gexa serves as its own "qualified scheduling entity" for open market purchases and sales of electricity. Gexa forecasts its energy demand and conduct procurement activities through an experienced team of in-house professionals. The forecast for electricity load requirements is based on its aggregate customer base currently served and anticipated weather conditions, as well as forecasted customer acquisition and attrition. Gexa continuously monitors and updates its supply positions based on its retail demand forecasts and market conditions. Gexa's objective is to maintain a balanced supply/demand position to limit commodity risk exposure. Gexa does not currently use derivative instruments, and it does not plan to engage in speculative trading of derivative instruments in the future, although it may use derivatives for hedging purposes in the future.

        Gexa's business strategy can be summarized as follows:

        Gexa intends to evaluate opportunities to expand its areas of operations in Texas as certain market regions in Texas elect to option-in to deregulation. In addition, there are a number of small REPs within the Texas market, and Gexa intends to monitor the activities of these REPs and to pursue and evaluate opportunities to acquire such REPs to the extent such acquisitions would provide value to Gexa.

        Although Gexa's current service regions are all within the Texas market, Gexa will also continue to evaluate expansion opportunities in other deregulated electricity markets that offer growth potential in its core under one megawatt commercial, multi-family and single-family residential segments. Beyond Texas, 17 other states and the District of Columbia are currently open to competition in the U.S., with the majority of these in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeast regions. As of December 31, 2004, Gexa was licensed to supply retail electricity power by applicable state agencies in New York and Massachusetts and has submitted an application to be a retail provider of electricity in Maine.

        At December 31, 2004, Gexa had 122 full-time employees and 14 part time employees and independent contractors. Its principal executive offices are located at 20 Greenway Plaza, Suite 600, Houston, Texas 77046, and the telephone number is (713) 470-0400.

64


        Gexa has recently undertaken certain changes in its disclosure controls and procedures in connection with a material weakness letter it received from its independent auditors, Hein & Associates LLP, or Hein, on March 25, 2005. The letter related to the audit of Gexa's fiscal year end 2004 identifying a deficiency in its internal controls. The deficiency identified by Hein was that Gexa did not adequately provide information to Hein regarding a control deficiency over input of rates into Gexa's billing system and a resulting reserve accrual. In addition, Hein indicated that Gexa failed to fully investigate and quantify the extent of the error caused by such control deficiency. The deficiency arose in connection with Gexa's determination of the size of its reserve for customer credits to be issued relating to errors in inputting rates on its billing system.

        In response to the initial inquiries of Hein related to this matter, Gexa's audit committee of its board of directors, with the assistance of external counsel, conducted a review of this matter through discussions with the outside auditor, review of the applicable documents and interviews and discussions with Gexa's management. On March 25, 2005, the audit committee recommended an action plan related to this material weakness, which was implemented immediately.

        The audit committee's report further concluded that the control deficiency related to input of rates into Gexa's billing system was corrected by Gexa as of the third quarter of 2004 and, as of December 31, 2004, probably did not result in a material error to Gexa's financial statements.

 
  Fiscal
2004

  Fiscal
2003

  Fiscal
2002

Sales   $ 273,894   $ 115,143   $ 19,039
Cost of goods sold     238,206     99,697     14,589
   
 
 
 
Gross profit

 

 

35,688

 

 

15,446

 

 

4,450

Selling, general & administrative expenses

 

 

24,144

 

 

12,662

 

 

3,492
   
 
 
 
Income from operations

 

$

11,544

 

$

2,784

 

$

958
   
 
 

    Revenues

        Operating revenue for the year ended December 31, 2004 was $273.9 million compared with operating revenue of $115.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2003, an increase of 138%. Revenues for 2004 rose as the result of increased consumer confidence in the deregulated markets, increases in prices charged to customers as result of increased electricity cost, and the continued successful execution of Gexa's marketing strategy as outlined above. The majority of Gexa's revenues come from the flow of electricity to customers. However, it also generate revenues from "pass through of TDSP charges", a standard base charge to each customer, contract cancellation fees, disconnection fees, and late fees.

        In addition, during 2004 Gexa's marketing department contracted with multi-family communities to secure their corporately paid meters, and also to gain access to current and future residents through direct marketing at the leasing offices. These sales provided Gexa with a large number of customers at low costs of acquisition. As of December 31, 2004, Gexa had marketing agreements with over 600 apartment communities, as compared with approximately 500 at December 31, 2003.

65



        During 2004, Gexa focused on growing its internal sales force and developing stronger business relationships with its large "name brand" accounts. Gexa relies on internal innovation along with strategic alliances and acquisitions to provide innovative products to enhance its competitive position. Gexa has plans to expand its internal sales force during 2005, primarily to focus on Gexa's value added service offerings. This expansion will enable Gexa to penetrate new markets and to cost effectively expand its presence throughout Texas.

    Cost of Goods Sold

        Cost of goods sold, which is recognized concurrently with related energy sales, primarily includes the aggregated cost of purchased electric power and fees incurred from TDSP's. Gexa's cost of goods sold increased to $238.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2004, an increase of $138.5 million, or 139%, from $99.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2003. The significant increase in cost of goods sold is primarily a result of the following:

    Gross Profits

 
  Year Ended
 
 
  December 31,
2004

  December 31,
2003

 
Sales   $ 273,894   $ 115,143  
Cost of goods sold     238,206     99,697  
   
 
 
 
Gross profit

 

 

35,688

 

 

15,446

 

Gross Profit %

 

 

13.0

%

 

13.4

%

        Gross profit was approximately $35.7 million or 13.0% of sales for the year ended December 31, 2004, compared with approximately $15.4 million or 13.4% of sales for the year ended December 31, 2003.

        Gexa's gross profit increased over the prior year by $20.2 million. While larger sales volumes increased Gexa's gross profit over the prior year, its gross profit percentage for the year decreased. The major factors that may impact gross profit percentage include:

66


    General and Administrative Expenses

        Selling, general and administrative expenses as of December 31, 2004 were $24.1 million compared with selling, general and administrative expenses of $12.7 million as of December 31, 2003, an increase of 91%.

 
  December 31,
2004

  December 31,
2003

 
  (In thousands)

Billing fees   $ 1,891   $ 1,432
Sales commissions     4,573     1,925
Bad debt     7,052     3,912
Salaries and other     10,628     5,393
   
 
Total   $ 24,144   $ 12,662
   
 

        Billing fees are primarily costs paid to third party EDI providers to handle transactions between Gexa, ERCOT and the TDSPs in order to produce customer bills. Billing fees increased to $1.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2004, an increase of $459,000, or 32% from $1.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2003. Billing fees have increased at a slower rate than customer growth due to economies of scale and reduction of rates charged by third party EDI providers.

        Sales commissions are fees paid to employees and external contractors for new customer acquisition. Sales commissions increased to $4.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2004, an increase of $2.6 million, or 138%, from $1.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2003. Sales commissions are primarily paid in three ways:

        The increase in sales commissions for 2004 is primarily the result of customer growth, an increase in new commercial customers which have a higher acquisition cost, and additional commissions incurred in 2004 related to the Continental and American Airlines partner programs.

        Bad debt expense increased to $7.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2004, an increase of $3.1 million, or 81%, from $3.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2003. Bad debt expense as a percentage of total revenue decreased to 2.6% for the year ended December 31, 2004, from 3.4% for

67



the year ended December 31, 2003. Bad debt expense has improved as a result of the implementation of late fees, improved collection procedures, improved credit check processes and the addition of disconnect rights which were granted by the PUCT during 2004.

        Salaries and other increased to $10.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2004, an increase of $5.2 million, or 97% from $5.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2003. The primary increases in salaries and other are as follows:

        Salaries expense has increased significantly during 2004 as a result of normal staff additions to accommodate growth and, as necessary, to improve Gexa's system of internal controls as discussed in the section above labeled "—Subsequent Events". The positions added during the year ended December 31, 2004 include Chief Financial Officer, Corporate Controller, Manager of Financial Reporting, Manager of Human Resources, Director of Operations, Manager of Transaction Processing, several customer service representatives, and a significant number of information technology resources related to Gexa's relocating the GEMS billing system from Atlanta, Georgia to Houston, Texas. Although salaries expense has significantly increased during 2004, Gexa anticipates that the overall rate of increase will be lower than the overall sales growth rate.

        Bank fees primarily related to fees paid for customer lockbox processing and credit card processing fees. Credit card processing fees increased specifically due to the fact that during 2004, Gexa began offering customers the alternative of paying their bill with a credit card on a recurring basis. These costs increased in line with Gexa's customer growth. Professional fees increased primarily as a result of legal and accounting fees related to the strengthening of Gexa's internal controls. Telephone, rent and other office expenses primarily increased as a result of the relocation of its corporate offices in 2004 and an upgrade of the customer service phone system.

    Other financing income (net of expense)

        On July 16, 2003, warrants to acquire 550,000 shares of Gexa common stock were granted to The Catalyst Fund Ltd. and certain other affiliates in consideration of a term loan. These warrants contained a put feature allowing the holders to exercise the warrants at a $1.00 per share exercise price, and then force Gexa to repurchase them at market value upon the occurrence of certain events. In accordance with SFAS No. 150, the warrants were initially recorded as a discount to debt based on the closing price of Gexa common stock on the date of issuance ($1.90) minus the exercise price, multiplied by the number of warrants, or approximately $0.5 million. At each balance sheet date, any change in the closing price of Gexa common stock must be used to calculate and record financing expense or income amount to reflect the difference on that date between the market price of Gexa stock and the exercise price of the warrants.

        On July 8, 2004, 458,333 of these warrants were repurchased and the remaining 91,667 warrants were amended to delete the put option. At July 8, 2004, Gexa stock closed at $4.75 per share. The decrease in the market price from the valuation at December 31, 2003 based on the closing price of $8.50 per share, on December 31, 2003, required Gexa to record a decrease in the value of the puttable warrant obligation of $2.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2004 as other financing income in accordance with SFAS No. 150. An additional $0.7 million in gain on extinguishment of debt was recorded during 2004. Gexa also recorded $0.6 million of write-off of deferred financing cost and $0.3 million of transaction fees to interest expense during fiscal 2004, as a result of the extinguishment

68



of the debt. As a result of the repurchase and amendment of warrants the ongoing income (expense) effect arising from the put option, as described above, will no longer be applicable.

    Revenues

        Operating revenue increased $96.1 million, or 505%, to $115.1 in 2003, as compared to 2002. Revenue for 2003 rose as the result of increased consumer confidence in the deregulated markets and the continued successful execution of Gexa's marketing strategy outlined above. Other revenues in fiscal year 2003 included approximately $670,000 related to fees from early cancellation of contracts and late fees in accordance with Gexa's agreements with commercial customers. A portion of these fees was offset by refunds due to customers on sales taxes based on an opinion letter issued by the Texas State Comptroller's office declaring that certain meters billed to commercial entities for multi-family dwellings should be taxed as residential meters instead of commercial meters.

        In addition, in 2003 Gexa's marketing department contracted with multi-family communities to secure their corporately paid meters, and also to gain access to current and future residents through direct marketing at the leasing offices. These sales provided Gexa with a large number of customers at low costs of acquisition. As of December 31, 2003, Gexa has marketing agreements with over 500 apartment communities as compared with approximately 350 at December 31, 2002.

        In 2003, Gexa's in house sales department focused their efforts on expanding its base of small commercial clients providing it a wide range of customers from small businesses to medium-sized office towers. Additionally, an inbound sales department was established to sign up customers who contacted Gexa to request their service be switched. During 2003, Gexa also effectively utilized a large network of independent sales agents who provided it with an opportunity to reach customers without incurring large fixed costs. These independent sales agents have brought Gexa a very broad and diverse group of customers in all its existing markets ranging from multi-family residents to commercial contracts.

    Cost of Goods Sold

        Costs of goods sold increased $85.1 million, or 583%, to $99.7 million in fiscal year 2003, as compared to fiscal year 2002. Costs of goods sold are composed largely of electricity supply purchases and the energy delivery charges Gexa pays to the TDSPs. Two factors in 2003 have driven the increase of costs of goods sold at a rate greater than operating revenues for the year:

    General and Administrative Expenses

        General and administrative expenses increased $9.2 million, or 263%, to $12.7 million in fiscal year 2003, as compared to fiscal year 2002. Since Gexa grew significantly in 2002 and 2003, there were economies of scale achieved as Gexa grew and also further improved its business processes and information systems. The most significant components of general and administrative costs in 2003 were

69



bad debt expense, salaries expense, sales commissions and billing fees. In 2003, bad debt expense was largely attributable to residential services, and was addressed with the assessment of late fee charges in accordance with the terms of customer contracts, collections procedures, and improved credit check processes in the latter part of 2003 leading into 2004. Additionally, in 2004 the PUCT began allowing competitive retailers, including Gexa, to disconnect the services of customers who fail to pay their bills in a timely manner. Together, these factors are expected to greatly improve delinquent receivables collection for all competitive REPs, for whom bad debt exposure has been an important concern.

        Salaries for 2003 included severance expenses related to the resignation of the former President, Marcie C. Zlotnik, from her operational and board positions within Gexa. In the fourth quarter of 2003, three months severance pay totaling $50,250 was accrued as a severance expense, as was a $718,075 non cash severance expense reflecting a fair valuation of options (using the Black-Scholes model) that were amended and reinstated on the conclusion of Ms. Zlotnik's employment. Salary expense increased in 2004 not only as a result of normal staff additions to accommodate growth, but also the hiring of new employees in executive and middle management roles, specifically in the accounting function as necessary to improve Gexa's accounting systems and controls as discussed below in the section above labeled "—Subsequent Events".

    Other financing expense

        On July 16, 2003, 550,000 warrants were granted to the Catalyst Fund Ltd. in consideration of a term loan. These warrants contained a put feature allowing the holder to exercise the warrants at a $1.00 per share exercise price, and then force Gexa to repurchase them at market value upon the occurrence of certain events. In accordance with SFAS No. 150, the warrants were initially recorded as a discount to debt based on the close price of Gexa's common stock on the date of issuance ($1.90) minus the exercise price, multiplied by the number of warrants, or $495,000. At each balance sheet date, any change in the close price of the common stock must be used to calculate and record an interest expense or income amount to reflect the difference on that date between the market price of Gexa stock and the exercise price of the warrants.

        At December 31, 2003, Gexa stock closed at $8.50 per share. This increase in the market price over the initial valuation of $495,000 required it to record an increase in the value of the puttable warrant obligation of $3,630,000 for the year ended December 31, 2003 as other financing expense in accordance with SFAS No. 150.

    Liquidity and Capital Resources

        This section discusses the principal sources of capital required for Gexa to operate its business. Gexa also identifies known trends, demands, commitments, events or uncertainties that may affect its current and future liquidity or capital resources. Gexa's principal sources of liquidity and capital resources are cash from operations, private equity placements, revolving credit lines, and payment terms from suppliers and term loan debt.

        Working capital (current assets less current liabilities) increased to $12.3 million at December 31, 2004 from $7.8 million at December 31, 2003. The primary components of the increase are:

70


        Gexa's uses of capital is primarily driven by working capital needed to operate as a REP. Gexa experiences a time delay between purchasing electricity to flow to customers and receiving payments from its customers. This working capital cycle is impacted by seasonality and customer count growth rates. In 2004, Gexa's average days sales outstanding was approximately 46 days when considering both the billed and unbilled receivables concurrently.

        Seasonality impacts Gexa's working capital needs, as the hotter summer months (driven by air conditioning) increase its electricity needs during the second and third quarters, and commensurately reduces those needs in the first and fourth quarters. With respect to customer growth rates, Gexa's constant addition of customers drives an increasing need for working capital funding for electricity purchases. Over time, should Gexa's growth rate level off, it would anticipate funding working capital from cash reserves on hand. However, given Gexa's growth rates, it has continued needs for additional sources of working capital financing to purchase electricity and expand its operations. In addition to working capital, Gexa spends capital for investments in operational infrastructure to serve its customers; however this amount is relatively minor compared to the working capital required for electricity purchases.

        Gexa's largest cost in conducting business is the purchase of electricity. Its agreement with TXU PM provides both a source of electricity supply and vendor financing. Pursuant to its agreement with TXU PM, payments to TXU PM for monthly electricity purchases are made on the last business day of the month following delivery.

        Since Gexa's term commercial customer contracts generally have durations of one and two year terms, Gexa endeavors to match term supply purchases to term customers obligations. Gexa purchases electricity from TXU PM and from third parties based on its forecast of customer demand and monthly purchase limits imposed by TXU PM. Additionally, TXU PM reserves the right to review the credit-worthiness of all customers with peak demand of at least one megawatt. Gexa pays a monthly credit fee to TXU PM based on its monthly electricity purchases from TXU PM, as well as small, fixed monthly administrative fees. TXU PM also provides credit guarantees to Gexa to enable it to purchase electricity from third parties, in return for a monthly fee. The agreement has an initial term of five years, expiring in April 2008, and renews thereafter on a year-to-year basis, unless either party gives notice of termination.

        Purchasing this electricity exposes the wholesale electricity provider to credit risk that may exist due to any payment risk. Accordingly, TXU PM has three sources of security from Gexa to support this agreement, as follows:

        The TXU PM agreement also has a monthly limit for megawatt hours, which has been flexible to enable Gexa to continue to grow and handle the higher seasonal summer volumes. The current monthly limit for megawatt hours is 400,000 per month. Due to its continued growth, Gexa anticipates that it will reach that cap as it approaches the summer months of 2005, and will need to increase it to

71



continue Gexa's growth. There is no guarantee that TXU PM will increase this limit, but Gexa was in this same position as it approached the summer months in 2004 and TXU granted it the increase after discussion between TXU personnel and its management. As of December 31, 2004, Gexa had $3.3 million posted as a fully cash-collateralized letter of credit to TXU PM. Under the current TXU PM agreement, Gexa anticipates needing to post a cash collateralized letter of credit of approximately $8 million for power purchases this summer. Gexa may require additional financing to collateralize and post this letter of credit. These funds add to the working capital requirements of Gexa's business. Without having an investment grade credit rating, Gexa anticipates that it will continue to either increase its limits with TXU PM or use availability under its credit agreement with Highbridge/Zwirn Opportunities Fund, L.P.

        Gexa's policy is to match, as accurately as possible, power purchases to expected customer demand. For power purchases, Gexa uses a combination of long term contracts, short term contracts, month-ahead purchases, and day-ahead purchases to match up with forecasted demand of its commercial customers on long term sales contracts, commercial customers on month-to-month contracts, and residential customers (which are all on month-to month contracts). Gexa's sales force determines their pricing quotes to potential customers on its minimum margin targets, ensuring better integrity of its cash flow from continued operations. As of December 31, 2004, Gexa has committed to future power purchase contracts with TXU PM totaling $86.7 million in 2005 and $17.8 million in 2006.

        All future obligations of Gexa as of December 31, 2004 for the next five years are summarized as follows:

 
  Payments due by period
Contractual Obligations

  Total
  Less than
1 year

  1-3 years
  3-5 years
  More than
5 years

 
  (In thousands)

Forward power contracts   $ 104,486   $ 86,698   $ 17,788   $   $
Long-term debt                    
Rent     2,330     383     766     766     415
   
 
 
 
 
  Total   $ 106,816   $ 87,081   $ 18,554   $ 766   $ 415
   
 
 
 
 

        Demand for electrical power is continually influenced, by both seasonal and abnormal weather patterns. To the extent that one or more of Gexa's markets experiences a period of unexpected weather, it may be required to either attempt to procure additional electricity to service Gexa's customers or to sell surplus electricity in the open market.

        Gexa believes its growth will continue in the Texas market for 2005 but not as rapidly as during 2004. Gexa also plans to continue to evaluate opportunities to enter additional markets. Gexa has begun serving commercial customers in Massachusetts and plan to offer service in New York effective May, 2005, subject to regulatory approval. It has also submitted an application to become a REP in Maine as of the date of this proxy statement/prospectus. As Gexa continues to assess new deregulated markets in other states, its growth within the Texas market takes precedence.

        The capital demands of Gexa's rapid growth and/or severe seasonality will likely impact its cash flow and require it to use availability under its credit arrangements periodically during 2005. Gexa may also continue to raise additional funds from the sale of equity or debt securities or other borrowings.

        As of December 31, 2004, Gexa had deposited approximately $5.8 million with JP Morgan Chase Bank to obtain letters of credit allowing it to purchase power on forward contracts from TXU PM, buy and sell power in the daily balancing markets and pay TDSP invoices for metering charges passed through to customers on thirty-five day terms. Gexa believes that it has sufficient liquidity (described below) to support the letters of credit that may be required.

72



        Gexa has several sources of liquidity to provide the increased level of working capital to support its growth in customer load and purchases of power and other services to support that customer growth:

        Gexa believes that cash flow plus the advances from the facility will provide the required liquidity to address Gexa's current growth rate in the Texas market and allow it the flexibility to move into additional markets if it decides to expand its business additionally.


Critical Accounting Policies

        Following are critical accounting policies adopted by Gexa for use in the preparation of key material financial data.

        In fiscal 2004, Gexa used a combination of long term contracts, short term contracts, month-ahead purchases, and day-ahead purchases to match up with forecasted demand of its commercial customers on long term sales contracts, commercial customer on month-to-month contracts, and residential customers (which are all on month-to-month contracts). Gexa applies the normal purchase, normal sale accounting treatment to its forward purchase supply contracts and its customer sales contracts. Accordingly, Gexa records revenue generated from its sales contracts as energy is delivered.

        Gexa records electricity sales under the accrual method and these revenues are recognized upon delivery of electricity to the customer's meter. Electric services are accrued based upon estimated

73


deliveries to customers as tracked and recorded by ERCOT multiplied by Gexa's average billing rate per kWh in effect at the time.

        In November 2003, Gexa changed its revenue estimation technique to one referred to as the "flow" technique. In the latter half of 2003, Gexa determined that the market was operating at a point of efficiency such that it would be appropriate for Gexa to begin accruing revenue based on ERCOT settlements of power deliveries, and given the limitations of the billings technique, Gexa chose to change to the flow technique. In addition, by the end of the fiscal year 2003, Gexa had sufficient initial settlement and resettlement data from ERCOT to arrive at a reasonable estimate for 2003 revenues assuming that the flow method had been in place since January 1, 2003.

        The flow technique of revenue calculation relies upon ERCOT settlement statements to determine the estimated revenue for a given month. Supply delivered to Gexa's customers for the month, measured on a daily basis, provides the basis for revenues. ERCOT provides net electricity delivered data in three time frames. Initial daily settlements become available approximately 17 days after the day being settled. Approximately 45 days after the day being settled, a "resettlement" is provided to adjust the initial settlement to the actual supply delivered based on subsequent comparison of prior forecasts to actual meter reads processed. A final resettlement is provided approximately 180 days after power is delivered, marking the last routine settlement adjustment to the power deliveries for that day.

        Because flow data for resettlements and final resettlements are not available in sufficient time to be booked to the appropriate period, the effect of such resettlements are booked in the month in which the cost of goods sold, or COGS, effect of those resettlements is realized. This allows for a proper matching of revenues with COGS.

        Sales represent the total proceeds from energy sales, including pass through charges from the TDSPs billed to the customer at cost. COGS includes electric power purchased, and pass through charges from the TDSPs in the areas serviced by Gexa. TDSP charges are costs for metering services and maintenance of the electric grid. TDSP charges are established by regulation by the PUCT.

        The energy portion of Gexa's cost of goods sold is comprised of two components: bilateral wholesale costs and balancing/ancillary costs. These two cost components are incurred and recognized in different manners.

        Bilateral wholesale costs are incurred through contractual arrangements with wholesale power suppliers for firm delivery of power at a fixed volume and fixed price. Gexa is invoiced for these wholesale volumes at the end of each calendar month for the volumes purchased for delivery during the month, with payment due 30 days after the end of the month.

        Balancing/ancillary costs are based on the customer load and are determined by ERCOT through a multiple step settlement process. Balancing costs/revenues are related to the differential between supply provided by Gexa through its bilateral wholesale supply and the supply required to serve Gexa's customer load. Gexa endeavors to minimize the amount of balancing/ancillary costs through its load forecasting and forward purchasing programs.

        At the end of each calendar month, revenue is accrued to unbilled receivables based on the estimated amount of power delivered to customers using the flow technique. Unbilled revenue also includes accruals for estimated TDSP charges and monthly service charges applicable to the estimated electricity usage for the period.

        All charges that were physically billed to customers in the calendar month are recorded from the unbilled account to the customer receivables account. Accounts receivables are customer obligations

74



billed at the conclusion of a month's electricity usage and due within 16 to 30 days of the date of the invoice. Balances past due are subject to a late fee that is assessed on that billing.

        The large number of customers and significant volume of transactions create a challenge to manage receivables, as well as to estimate the account balances that ultimately will not be paid by the customers ("bad debt write-offs"). Gexa uses a variety of tools to estimate and provide an accurate and adequate allowance for doubtful accounts reserve; the allowance for doubtful accounts is expensed each month as a percentage of revenue based on the historical bad debt write-off trends that will result from that month's gross revenues. As of December 31, 2004, 2003 and 2002, Gexa's bad debt expense was approximately $7.1 million, or 2.6% of sales, $3.9 million, or 3.4% of sales and $679,000, or 3.6% of sales respectively.

        Gexa follows a consistent process to determine which accounts should be written off and compare the total actual write-offs to the estimated percentage of total revenue accrued and expensed each month. Past due accounts are regularly reviewed based on aging for possible removal from service, in-house or external collections efforts, or write-off. For residential customers and commercial customers with balances less than $700.00, with some minor exceptions, the total balance for all accounts with any portion of their balance over 60 days past due is considered to be uncollectible and is written off, net of security deposits held for these accounts. Delinquent commercial accounts with balances greater than $700.00 are reviewed individually by in-house collections, and payment arrangements, removal from service and possible write-off of all or a portion of the receivable is determined on a case-by-case basis.

        Gexa has initiated a variety of actions targeted to reduce the amount of bad debt that it incurs. The principal actions are as follows:

        Accounts receivable contains billed receivables, unbilled receivables and the allowance for doubtful accounts as follows:

 
  December 31, 2004
  December 31, 2003
 
 
  (In thousands)

 
Billed receivables   $ 20,759   $ 13,126  
Unbilled receivables     17,160     10,313  
Allowance for doubtful accounts     (2,433 )   (1,300 )
   
 
 
Accounts receivable, net   $ 35,486   $ 22,139  
   
 
 


Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities

        During the three months ended December 31, 2004, Gexa issued 18,050 shares of common stock for services provided. The services were provided by Continental Airlines for the One Pass® partner program, where Gexa provides mileage to customers in exchange for payment by the Company to Continental of cash and Gexa common stock.


Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

        None.

75




Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

        In fiscal 2004, Gexa used a combination of long term contracts, short term contracts, month-ahead purchases, and day-ahead purchases to match up with forecasted demand of its commercial customers on long term sales contracts, commercial customer on month-to-month contracts, and residential customers (which are all on month-to-month contracts). Gexa applies the normal purchase, normal sale accounting treatment to its forward purchase supply contracts. Accordingly, Gexa records revenue generated from its sales contracts as energy is delivered to its retail customers, and direct energy costs are recorded when the energy under its long-term forward physical delivery contracts is delivered. During fiscal 2004, Gexa did not use financial hedging, or derivative instruments to hedge its commodity risk, and Gexa does not plan to engage in uncovered or speculative trading of derivative instruments in the future, although Gexa may use derivatives for hedging purposes in the future. Additionally, Gexa does not purchase power until it has locked in its respective customers for whom power will be supplied and purchased.

76



DESCRIPTION OF WPRM ACQUISITION SUBSIDIARY, INC. AND FRM HOLDINGS, LLC

        WPRM Acquisition Subsidiary, Inc. is a wholly-owned subsidiary of FRM Holdings organized under the laws of the State of Texas. FRM Holdings, LLC is a wholly-owned subsidiary of FPL Group, organized under the laws of the State of Delaware. Each was formed in March 2005 solely for use in the merger, and is engaged in no other business. The executive office of each is located at 700 Universe Boulevard, Juno Beach, Florida 33408.


DESCRIPTION OF FPL GROUP'S COMMON STOCK

General

        The following statements describing FPL Group's common stock are not intended to be a complete description. For additional information, please see FPL Group's Restated Articles of Incorporation, as amended, to which we refer as the "Charter", and its bylaws, which set forth the terms of the common stock. Please also see the Mortgage and Deed of Trust, dated as of January 1, 1944, between FPL and Deutsche Bank Trust Company Americas, as trustee, as amended and supplemented, to which we refer as the "Mortgage", which contains restrictions that may limit the ability of Florida Power & Light Company to pay dividends to FPL Group. Each of these documents has been previously filed with the SEC and are exhibits to the registration statement filed with the SEC of which this proxy statement/prospectus is a part. Reference is also made to the laws of the State of Florida.

        FPL Group's authorized capital stock consists of 800,000,000 shares of common stock, $.01 par value, and 100,000,000 shares of serial preferred stock, $.01 par value. As of March 31, 2005, 391,883,189 shares of common stock were issued and outstanding and no shares of serial preferred stock were issued and outstanding. See "Preferred Share Purchase Rights" below. The FPL Group common stock has no preemptive, subscription or conversion rights, and there are no redemption or sinking fund provisions applicable thereto. The outstanding shares of common stock are, and when issued the shares offered hereby will be, fully paid and non-assessable. In some cases, the issuance of preferred stock could make it difficult for another company to acquire FPL Group and make it harder to remove current management. See also "FPL Group Preferred Stock" below.

        All outstanding FPL Group common stock is listed on the New York Stock Exchange and trades under the symbol "FPL." The registrar and transfer agent for the FPL Group common stock is Computershare Investor Services, LLC.

        A number of provisions that are in FPL Group's Charter and bylaws will make it difficult for another company to acquire FPL Group and for a holder of FPL Group common stock to receive any related takeover premium for its shares. See "Voting Rights and Non-Cumulative Voting", "Preferred Share Purchase Rights" and "FPL Group Preferred Stock" below.


Dividend Rights

        Each share of common stock is entitled to participate equally with respect to dividends declared on the common stock out of funds legally available for the payment thereof.

        The Charter of FPL Group does not limit the dividends that can be paid on the common stock. However, as a practical matter, the ability of FPL Group to pay dividends on the common stock is dependent upon dividends paid to it by its subsidiaries, primarily FPL. FPL's ability to pay dividends is limited by restrictions contained in the Mortgage. However, these restrictions do not currently limit FPL's ability to pay dividends to FPL Group from its retained earnings.

        FPL Group Capital has issued junior subordinated debentures in connection with preferred trust securities previously issued by FPL Group Capital Trust I, which junior subordinated debentures are

77



guaranteed by FPL Group. FPL Group Capital has a right, from time to time, to delay interest payments on its outstanding junior subordinated debentures for an extension period of up to 20 consecutive quarters. FPL Group, FPL and/or FPL Group Capital may issue, from time to time, additional junior subordinated debentures in connection with the issuance of additional preferred trust securities. FPL Group, FPL and/or FPL Group Capital may have a similar right to delay interest payments for those additional junior subordinated debentures. If FPL Group Capital and/or FPL Group exercises any right to delay an interest payment, FPL Group would not be able to pay dividends on its common stock or preferred stock during the extension period with certain limited exceptions. If FPL exercises any right to delay an interest payment, it would not be able to pay dividends to any holder of its common stock or preferred stock, including FPL Group, during the extension period with certain limited exceptions.

        FPL Group has issued stock purchase contracts, as a component of stock purchase units, which require FPL Group to make periodic contract adjustment payments to the holders of the stock purchase units. FPL Group has a right to delay these payments during the term of the stock purchase contracts. FPL Group may issue, from time to time, additional stock purchase contracts as a component of stock purchase units. FPL Group may have a similar right to delay contract adjustment payments on these additional stock purchase contracts. If FPL Group exercises any right to delay a contract adjustment payment, it will not be able to pay dividends on its common stock or preferred stock during the period such payments are delayed with certain limited exceptions.

        In addition, FPL Group may issue one or more series of its serial preferred stock, $.01 par value, without the approval of its shareholders. Any series of preferred stock could be entitled to receive dividends in preference to the payment of dividends on FPL Group's common stock.


Voting Rights and Non-Cumulative Voting

        In general, the holders of FPL Group common stock are entitled to one vote per share for the election of directors and for other corporate purposes. The Charter:

        Such provisions may have significant effects on the ability of the shareholders to change the composition of an incumbent FPL Group board or to benefit from certain transactions which are opposed by an incumbent FPL Group board.

78



        The term "Interested Shareholder" is defined in the Charter to include a security holder who owns 10% or more in voting power of the outstanding shares of voting stock, and the term "Continuing Director" is defined in the Charter to include any director who is not an affiliate of an Interested Shareholder. The above provisions dealing with Business Combinations involving FPL Group and an Interested Shareholder may discriminate against a security holder who becomes an Interested Shareholder by reason of the beneficial ownership of such amount of common or other voting stock. The term "Business Combination" is defined in the Charter to include:

        The holders of common stock do not have cumulative voting rights, and therefore the holders of more than 50% of a quorum (majority) of the outstanding shares of common stock can elect all of FPL Group's directors. Unless otherwise provided in the Charter or the bylaws or in accordance with applicable law, the affirmative vote of a majority of the total number of shares represented at a meeting and entitled to vote is required for shareholder action on a matter. Voting rights for the election of directors or otherwise, if any, for any series of the serial preferred stock, will be established by the FPL Group board when such series is issued. See "FPL Group Preferred Stock" below.


Liquidation Rights

        After satisfaction of creditors and payments due the holders of serial preferred stock, if any, the holders of common stock are entitled to share ratably in the distribution of all remaining assets. See "FPL Group Preferred Stock" below.


Preferred Share Purchase Rights

        The following statements describing FPL Group's preferred share purchase rights (each, a "Right") are not intended to be a complete description. For additional information, please see the form of Rights Agreement, dated as of July 1, 1996, between FPL Group and Computershare Investor Services, LLC, as successor Rights Agent, as amended, which sets forth the terms of the Rights. The

79



Rights Agreement and amendments thereto have been previously filed with the SEC and are exhibits to the registration statement filed with the SEC of which this proxy statement/prospectus is a part.

        On June 17, 1996, FPL Group's board declared a dividend of one Right for each outstanding share of common stock. Thereafter, until the Distribution Date (as defined below), FPL Group will issue one Right with each newly issued share of common stock. Each Right (prior to the expiration or redemption of the Rights) will entitle the holder thereof to purchase from FPL Group one two-hundredth of a share of FPL Group's Series A Junior Participating Preferred Stock, $.01 par value ("Junior Preferred Shares"), at an exercise price of $120 per one one-hundredth of a Junior Preferred Share ("Purchase Price"), subject to adjustment. Until the Distribution Date, the Rights are represented by the shares of common stock, and are not exercisable or transferable apart from the common stock. The "Distribution Date" is the earlier to occur of:

        Separate certificates evidencing the Rights will be mailed to holders of the common stock as of the close of business on the Distribution Date. The Rights are exercisable at any time after the Distribution Date, unless earlier redeemed, or exchanged, and could then begin trading separately from the common stock. The Rights do not have any voting rights and are not entitled to dividends.

        If a person or group becomes a 10% holder, each Right not owned by the 10% holder would become exercisable for the number of shares of common stock which, at that time, would have a market value of two times the exercise price of the Right. In the event that FPL Group is acquired in a merger or other business combination transaction, or 50% or more of FPL Group's assets or earning power are sold or otherwise transferred, after a person or group has become a 10% holder, each Right will entitle its holder to purchase, at the exercise price of the Right, that number of shares of common stock of the acquiring company which at the time of such transaction would have a market value of two times the exercise price of the Right.

        The Rights are redeemable by FPL Group's board in whole, but not in part, at $.005 per Right at any time prior to the time that a person or group acquires beneficial ownership of 10% or more of the outstanding common stock. The Rights will expire on June 30, 2006 (unless the expiration date is extended or the Rights are earlier redeemed or exchanged as described below).

        The Purchase Price, and the number of Junior Preferred Shares or other securities or property issuable, upon exercise of the Rights are subject to adjustment from time to time to prevent dilution:

80


        With certain exceptions, no adjustment in the Purchase Price will be required until cumulative adjustments require an adjustment of at least 1% in the Purchase Price. The number of Rights and the number of Junior Preferred Shares purchasable upon exercise of each Right are also subject to adjustment in the event of a stock split, subdivision, consolidation, combination or common stock dividend on the common stock prior to the Distribution Date.

        The FPL Group board may exchange the Rights at an exchange ratio of one share of common stock per Right at any time that is:

        The Rights have anti-takeover effects. The Rights will cause substantial dilution to a person or group that attempts to acquire FPL Group without conditioning the offer on the redemption of the Rights or on the acquisition of a certain number of Rights. The Rights beneficially owned by that person or group may become null and void. The Rights should not interfere with any merger or other business combination approved by FPL Group's board, since the Rights may be redeemed by FPL Group at $.005 per Right prior to the time that a person or group has acquired beneficial ownership of 10% or more of the common stock.

        The Junior Preferred Shares purchasable upon exercise of the Rights will be entitled to cumulative quarterly dividends in preference to the common stock at a rate per share equal to the greater of $10 and 100 times the dividend declared on the common stock for such quarter. In the event of any merger, consolidation or other transaction in which the shares of common stock are exchanged, each Junior Preferred Share will be entitled to receive 100 times the amount and type of consideration received per share of common stock. In the event of a liquidation of FPL Group, the holders of Junior Preferred Shares will be entitled to receive in preference to the common stock the greater of $100 per share and 100 times the payment made per share of common stock. FPL Group has the right to issue other serial preferred stock ranking prior to the Junior Preferred Shares with respect to dividend and liquidation preferences. The Junior Preferred Shares will be redeemable after June 30, 2006, at FPL Group's option, in whole or in part, at a redemption price per share equal to the greater of the following:

        Each Junior Preferred Share will have 100 votes on all matters submitted to a vote of the shareholders of FPL Group, voting together with the common stock. The rights of the Junior Preferred Shares as to dividends, liquidation, redemption and voting, and in the event of mergers and consolidations, are protected by customary anti-dilution provisions. Because of the nature of the dividend, liquidation, redemption and voting rights of the Junior Preferred Shares, the value of the interest in a Junior Preferred Share purchasable upon the exercise of each Right should approximate the value of one share of common stock.

        FPL Group's board may amend the Rights Agreement and the Rights, without the consent of the holders of the Rights. However, any amendment adopted after a person or group becomes a 10% holder may not adversely affect the interests of holders of Rights. The 10% holder level discussed above is subject to certain exceptions.

81




FPL Group Preferred Stock

        FPL Group may issue one or more series of its serial preferred stock, $.01 par value, without the approval of its shareholders. Each series may have terms that differ from those of any other series and may provide for dividend, liquidation, voting and other rights that are superior or prior to those of FPL Group's common stock. In some cases, the issuance of preferred stock could make it difficult for another company to acquire FPL Group and make it harder to remove current management.

82



COMPARISON OF RIGHTS OF HOLDERS OF
FPL GROUP COMMON STOCK AND GEXA COMMON STOCK

        The following summary does not purport to be a complete statement of the rights of holders of FPL Group's shares under the applicable provisions of Florida law, FPL Group's restated articles of incorporation, as amended ("FPL Group Charter"), and FPL Group's bylaws, as amended, or the rights of holders of Gexa's shares under the applicable provisions of Texas law, Gexa's articles of incorporation, as amended ("Gexa Charter"), and Gexa's bylaws, or a complete description of the specific provisions referred to herein. This summary contains a list of the material differences but is not meant to be relied upon as an exhaustive list or detailed description of the provisions discussed and is qualified in its entirety to the instruments discussed in this summary. The identification of specific differences is not meant to indicate that other equally or more significant differences do not exist. Copies of these documents will be sent to holders of Gexa common stock upon request. For information as to how to get the full text of each document, see "Where You Can Find More Information" beginning on page 92.

        FPL Group is incorporated under the laws of the State of Florida, and Gexa is incorporated under the laws of the State of Texas. If the merger is completed, Gexa shareholders, whose rights are currently governed by the TCBA, the Gexa Charter and the bylaws of Gexa, will become holders of FPL Group common stock, and their rights as such will be governed by the Florida Business Corporation Act, or FBCA, the FPL Group Charter, and FPL Group's bylaws, as amended. The material differences between the rights of holders of Gexa's shares of common stock and the rights of holders of FPL Group's common stock, resulting from the differences in their governing documents and applicable state corporate law, are summarized below.

 
  FPL Group Shareholder Rights
  Gexa Shareholder Rights
Authorized Capital Stock   FPL Group's authorized capital stock consists of 800,000,000 shares of common stock, $.01 par value, and 100,000,000 shares of serial preferred stock, $.01 par value.   The authorized capital stock of Gexa consists of 75,000,000 shares of common stock, par value $.01 per share, and 2,500,000 shares of preferred stock, par value $.05 per share.

 

 

FPL Group also has in place a shareholder rights plans containing customary terms and conditions. See "Description of FPL Group's Common Stock — Preferred Share Purchase Rights."

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Number of Directors

 

The FPL Group Charter provides that the number of directors shall be set forth in the bylaws. The FPL Group bylaws provide that the number of directors may not be less than three nor more than 16, the exact number to be determined from time to time by the affirmative vote of a majority of the total directors on the Board of Directors. FPL Group's Board of Directors is not classified into more than one class. FPL Group currently has 12 directors. Directors are elected at each annual meeting to serve until the next annual meeting. Each director holds office for the term for which he or she is elected and until his or her successor is elected and qualified.

 

The Gexa bylaws provide that the number of directors may not be less than one or more than 15, the exact number to be determined from time to time by the affirmative vote of a majority of the total directors on Gexa's board of directors. The Gexa board currently consists of six directors. Each director holds office for the term for which he or she is elected and until his or her successor is elected and qualified.

Vacancies on the Board

 

The FPL Group bylaws provide that any vacancies on the Board of Directors, including any vacancy created by reason of an increase in the number of directors, will be filled by the majority vote of the remaining directors in office. Directors so chosen shall hold office for a term expiring at the next annual meeting of shareholders.

 

The Gexa bylaws provide that any vacancies on the Gexa board, including any vacancy created by reason of an increase in the number of directors, may be filled by the majority vote of the remaining directors in office. Directors so chosen shall hold office for the unexpired term.

Removal of Directors

 

The FBCA provides that shareholders may remove one or more directors, with or without cause, unless the articles of incorporation provide that directors may be removed only for cause. The FBCA also provides that if a director is to be removed by the shareholders at a meeting of the shareholders, the notice of the meeting must state that the purpose or one of the purposes of the meeting is the removal of the director.

 

The TBCA provides that shareholders may remove one or more directors with or without cause, except as otherwise provided in the articles of incorporation or bylaws.

The Gexa Charter provides that a director may be removed only for cause and only upon the affirmative vote of the holders of two-thirds of the outstanding capital stock entitled to vote on the election of directors.
         

83



 

 

The FPL Group Charter provides that a director may be removed from office by a majority vote of the entire board of directors. A director may also be removed by the shareholders, but only for cause and only by an affirmative vote of the holders of at least 75% of the voting power of the then outstanding shares of voting stock, voting together as a single class. Except as otherwise provided by law, cause for removal will be construed to exist only if the director whose removal is proposed has been convicted of a felony by a court of competent jurisdiction and such conviction is no longer subject to direct appeal or has been adjudged by a court of competent jurisdiction to be liable for negligence or misconduct in the performance of his or her duty to FPL Group in a matter of substantial importance to FPL Group and such adjudication is no longer subject to direct appeal.

 

 

Required Shareholder Vote for Certain Shareholder Actions

 

Subject to certain exceptions, the FBCA provides that the affirmative vote of the holders of a majority of the voting power of a corporation's outstanding shares entitled to vote thereon is required to authorize a merger or statutory share exchange. The FBCA also provides that a sale, lease, exchange or disposition of all or substantially all of a corporation's assets or its voluntary dissolution of a corporation requires shareholder approval by a majority of the corporation's outstanding votes entitled to vote thereon, subject to certain exceptions.

The FPL Group bylaws provide that action on a matter (including the election of directors) shall be approved if the matter receives the affirmative vote of a majority of the total number of shares represented at the meeting at which a quorum is present and entitled to vote on such matter, unless the matter is one upon which the FBCA or other law requires, or permits the Board of Directors to require, a greater vote, or the FPL Group Charter or the FPL Group bylaws require a different vote.

 

Subject to certain exceptions, the TBCA provides that the affirmative vote of the holders of two-thirds of a corporation's outstanding shares entitled to vote thereon is required (i) to approve a plan of merger or exchange, (ii) to sell, lease, exchange or otherwise dispose (not including a pledge, mortgage, etc.) all, or substantially all, the property and assets of the corporation if not made in the usual and regular course of its business, or (iii) to voluntarily dissolve the corporation.

The Gexa bylaws provide that action on a matter (including the election of directors) shall be approved if the matter receives the affirmative vote of a majority of the total number of shares represented at the meeting at which a quorum is present and entitled to vote on such matter, unless the matter is one on which a different vote is required by the TBCA, the Gexa Charter or the Gexa bylaws.

The Gexa Charter and the Gexa bylaws are silent as to the shareholder vote required to authorize any merger or consolidation.

 

 

Other than with respect to business combinations with interested shareholders (described below under "— Interested Shareholder Transactions"), the FPL Group Charter and the FPL Group bylaws are silent as to the shareholder vote required to authorize any merger or consolidation.

 

 

84



Interested Shareholder Transactions

 

The FBCA provides that, unless a specified exception is met, an interested shareholder (i.e., a person owning 10% or more of a corporation's outstanding voting stock) may not engage in an affiliated transaction (including a merger or other significant corporate transactions) with a Florida corporation unless such transaction is approved by two-thirds of the voting shares of the corporation excluding the shares beneficially owned by the interested shareholder.

This provision is not applicable under certain circumstances, including when:

– a majority of the disinterested directors approve the transaction,

– the corporation has not had more than 300 shareholders of record at any time during the three years prior to the date on which the affiliated transaction was announced,

– the interested shareholder has beneficially owned at least 80% of the outstanding voting shares of the corporation for at least five years prior to the date on which the affiliated transaction was announced,

– the interested shareholder is the beneficial owner of at least 90% of the outstanding voting shares of the corporation exclusive of shares acquired directly from the corporation in a transaction not approved by a majority of the disinterested directors,

– the corporation is an investment company registered under the Investment Company Act of 1940, or

– in the affiliated transaction, "fair price" consideration is paid to the holders of each class or series of voting shares and certain other conditions are met.

 

The TBCA provides that, unless a specified exception is met, an affiliated shareholder (i.e., a person who beneficially owns 20% or more of the outstanding voting shares of an issuing public corporation) may not engage in a business combination (including a merger or other significant corporate transaction) with a Texas public corporation during the three year period after such person acquires such beneficial ownership unless (i) such transaction is approved by the board of the public corporation before the affiliated shareholder's acquisition date or (ii) such transaction is approved by the affirmative vote of two-thirds of the outstanding voting shares of the public corporation not beneficially owned by the affiliated shareholder.

 

 

In addition to any affirmative vote required by law, the FPL Group Charter requires that, unless a specified exception dealing with fair price provisions and certain other conditions are met:

– any merger or consolidation of FPL Group or any subsidiary with (a) any Interested Shareholder (as defined below) or (b) any other corporation (whether or not itself an Interested Shareholder) which is, or after such merger or consolidation would be, an affiliate of an Interested Shareholder,


 

 

85



 

 

– any sale, lease, exchange, mortgage, pledge, transfer or other disposition (in one transaction or a series of transactions) to or with any Interested Shareholder or any affiliate of any Interested Shareholder of assets of FPL Group or any subsidiary having an aggregate fair market value of $10 million or more,

– the issuance or transfer by FPL Group or any subsidiary (in one transaction or a series of transactions) of any securities of FPL Group or any subsidiary to any Interested Shareholder or any affiliate of any Interested Shareholder in exchange for cash, securities or other property (or a combination thereof) having an aggregate fair market value of $10 million or more,

– the adoption of any plan or proposal for the liquidation or dissolution of FPL Group proposed by or on behalf of an Interested Shareholder or any affiliate of any Interested Shareholder, or

 

 

 

 

– any reclassification of securities (including any reverse stock split), or recapitalization of FPL Group; or any merger or consolidation of FPL Group with any of its subsidiaries or any other transaction (whether or not with or into or otherwise involving an Interested Shareholder) which has the effect, directly or indirectly, of increasing the proportionate share of the outstanding shares of any class of equity or convertible securities of FPL Group or any subsidiary which is directly or indirectly owned by an Interested Shareholder or any affiliate of any Interested Shareholder;

shall be approved by the affirmative vote of the holders of at least 75% of the voting power of the then outstanding shares of voting stock, voting together as a single class. Such affirmative vote will be required notwithstanding the fact that no vote may be required, or that a lesser percentage may be specified, by law or in any agreement with any national securities exchange or otherwise.

The FPL Group Charter provides that an "Interested Shareholder" is any person (other than FPL Group or any subsidiary) who is:

– the beneficial owner of more than 10% of the voting power of the outstanding voting stock,

 

 

86



 

 

– an affiliate of FPL Group and at any time within the two year period immediately prior to the date in question was the beneficial owner of 10% or more of the voting power of the then outstanding voting stock, or

– an assignee of or has otherwise succeeded to any shares of voting stock which were at any time within the two-year period immediately prior to the date in question beneficially owned by any Interested Shareholder, if such assignment or succession occurred in the course of a transaction or series of transactions not involving a public offering.

 

 

Control Shares

 

Under the FBCA, unless there is a provision in the articles of incorporation or bylaws electing not to be governed by this provision, "control shares" (shares that would otherwise have voting power for the election of directors in certain ranges of ownership over 20%) acquired in a control-share acquisition have the same voting rights as were accorded to the shares before such acquisition only to the extent granted by a resolution approved by the majority of all the votes entitled to be cast by the class or series of the shareholders of the issuing corporation. FPL Group has not opted out of this provision.

 

The TBCA does not have a control shares provision.

Constituencies Provision

 

Under the FBCA, in discharging his or her duties, a director may consider such factors as the director deems relevant, including the long-term prospects and interests of the corporation and its shareholders, and the social, economic, legal or other effects of any action on the employees, suppliers, customers of the corporation and its subsidiaries, the communities and society in which the corporation or its subsidiaries operate and the economy of the state and the nation.

 

The TBCA does not have a constituencies provision.

Shareholder Action by Written Consent

 

The FPL Group Charter provides that any action required or permitted to be taken by the shareholders of the corporation must be effected at a duly called annual or special meeting and may not be effected by any consent in writing by such shareholders.

 

The Gexa Charter provides that any action required or permitted to be taken by the shareholders of the corporation may be taken without a meeting, without prior notice, and without a vote, if a written consent setting forth the action to be taken is signed by shareholders that hold not less than the minimum number of shares that would be necessary to effect a vote in favor of such action at a meeting in which all shares entitled to vote were present.

Special Meetings of Shareholders

 

The FBCA provides that a special meeting of shareholders shall be held on call of the board of directors, persons authorized to do so by the articles of incorporation or bylaws, if holders of not less than 10% (or a higher percentage less than 50% required by the articles of incorporation) sign, date and deliver a written demand for such a meeting. Only business within the purpose(s) described in the notice of the special meeting may be conducted at such a meeting.

The FPL Group bylaws provide that special meetings of the shareholders may only be called by the Chairman of the Board, the President or the Secretary of FPL Group or upon the written request of a majority of all of FPL Group's outstanding stock entitled to vote on the matters to be presented at the meeting.

 

The TBCA provides that a special meeting of shareholders shall be held on call of (i) the president, the board of directors, or such other person or persons as may be authorized in the articles of incorporation or bylaws or (ii) by the holders of at least 10% (or a higher percentage less than 50% specified by the articles of incorporation) of all of the shares entitled to vote at the proposed special meeting. Only business within the purpose or purposes described in the notice of the special meeting may be conducted at such a meeting.

87



Amendments to Governing Documents

 

The FBCA provides that unless a corporation's articles of incorporation provide otherwise, the board of directors may amend certain items of the corporation's articles of incorporation without shareholder approval. Certain amendments required to have shareholder approval must be recommended by the board of directors and submitted to a vote at a meeting of shareholders, where such amendments must be adopted by a majority of the votes entitled to be cast on the amendment. The FBCA also provides, unless provided otherwise in the articles of incorporation or other provisions of the FBCA, or as expressly provided by shareholders, that the board of directors may amend or repeal the corporation's bylaws.

The FPL Group Charter provides that FPL Group reserves the right to amend, alter, change or repeal any provision contained in the FPL Group Charter in the manner prescribed by statute, and all rights conferred on shareholders therein are granted subject to this reservation. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the FPL Group Charter contains a supermajority voting requirement that requires a vote of the holders of 75% of the voting stock in respect of any attempted alteration, amendment or repeal of the following, unless unanimously recommended by the Board of Directors and that board meets certain requirements:

– Article VII of the FPL Group Charter (provisions relating to amending the FPL Group Charter and the FPL Group bylaws),

– the provisions of the first sentence of Section 3 of Article III of the FPL Group Charter (which contains the voting rights of common stock),

– Article IV of the FPL Group Charter (relating to the board of directors),

– Article V of the FPL Group Charter (relating to shareholder voting), and

– Article VI of the FPL Group Charter (relating to certain business combinations).

The FPL Group Charter and bylaws provide that the power to adopt, alter, amend or repeal the FPL Group bylaws is vested in the board of directors. Bylaws adopted by the board of directors may be repealed or changed, and new bylaws may be adopted, by shareholders only if such repeal, change or adoption is approved by the affirmative vote of the holders of at least 75% of the then outstanding voting shares of stock, voting together as a single class.

 

The TBCA provides that a board of directors may amend items of the corporation's articles of incorporation specifically related to the designation of series of preferred stock to the extent authorized in the corporation's articles of incorporation. Otherwise, all amendments must be recommended by the board of directors and submitted to a vote at a meeting of the shareholders, where such amendments must be adopted by holders of at least two-thirds of the outstanding shares entitled to vote thereon. The TBCA also provides, unless provided otherwise in the articles of incorporation or other provisions of the TBCA that reserve the power to amend exclusively to the shareholders in whole or in part, that a board of directors may amend or repeal the corporation's bylaws or adopt new bylaws.

The Gexa Charter provides that Gexa reserves the right to amend, alter, change or repeal any provisions contained in the Gexa Charter in the manner provided in the articles, and all rights conferred on shareholders therein are granted subject to this reservation. The Gexa Charter further contains a supermajority provision requiring the affirmative vote of the holders of 75% of the corporation's outstanding shares entitled to vote thereon is required in respect of any attempted alteration, amendment or repeal of:

– Article V of the Gexa Charter (relating to the authority of the Gexa board to create and issue rights that entitle the holders thereof to purchase shares of capital stock or other securities),

– Article VII of the Gexa Charter (relating to (A) the vote required to amend Gexa's bylaws or liquidate the company and (B) the indemnification of, and liability limitations applicable to, Gexa's officers and directors),

– Article X of the Gexa Charter (relating to the election and removal of directors),

– Article XI of the Gexa Charter (authorizing shareholders to take action by written consent), and

– Article XIII of the Gexa Charter (provisions relating to the amendment of the Gexa Charter).

The Gexa Charter further provides that the affirmative vote of the holders of two-thirds of the corporation's outstanding shares entitled to vote thereon is required to alter, amend or repeal any bylaws of Gexa.

88


Indemnification of Directors and Officers   Subject to certain limitations, the FBCA provides that a corporation may indemnify any person who is or was a director, officer, employee or agent of the corporation against liability incurred in any proceeding, if such person acted in good faith and reasonably believed that such actions were in the best interest of the corporation or, with respect to any criminal proceeding, if such person had no reasonable cause to believe such action was unlawful.

The FBCA also requires a Florida corporation to indemnify such persons to the extent they are successful on the merits or otherwise in defending a proceeding, or if a court determines they should be indemnified. It also permits a Florida corporation to advance expenses incurred in defense of a proceeding on certain conditions.

The FBCA also permits a Florida corporation to further indemnify and make advances to such persons by other means (such as by contract or bylaw provision) unless a judgment or other final adjudication establishes that such person's actions or omissions which were material to the cause of action constitute any of the following:

– a crime, unless such person had reasonable cause to believe his conduct was lawful or had no reasonable cause to believe it unlawful;

– a transaction from which he derived an improper personal benefit;

– an action in violation of Florida Statutes Section 607.0834 (which section pertains to unlawful distributions to shareholders); or

– willful misconduct or a conscious disregard for the best interests of the corporation in a proceeding by or in the right of the corporation to procure a judgment in its favor or in a proceeding by or in the right of a shareholder.

These broader rights are applicable under FPL Group's bylaws, which provide as a contract right that each director and officer who is made a party or is threatened to be made a party to or was or is called as a witness or was or is otherwise involved in any proceeding in connection with his or her status as a director or officer will be indemnified and held harmless by FPL Group to the fullest extent permitted under the FBCA. The bylaws also provide for mandatory advancement of expenses subject to certain conditions.
  The TBCA authorizes a Texas corporation to indemnify a person who was, is, or is threatened to be made a named defendant or respondent in a proceeding, including any threatened, pending or completed action, suit or proceeding, whether civil, criminal, administrative, arbitrative, or investigative because the person is or was a director.

The TBCA provides that unless a court of competent jurisdiction determines otherwise, indemnification is permitted only if it is determined that the person:

– conducted himself in good faith;

– reasonably believed (a) in the case of conduct in his official capacity as a director of the corporation, that his conduct was in the corporation's best interests; and (b) in all other cases, that his conduct was at least not opposed to the corporation's best interests; and

– in the case of any criminal proceeding, had no reasonable cause to believe his conduct was unlawful.

A person may be indemnified under the TBCA against judgments, penalties (including excise and similar taxes), fines, settlements, and reasonable expenses actually incurred by the person (including court costs and attorneys' fees). However, if the person is found liable to the corporation or is found liable on the basis that personal benefit was improperly received by him, the indemnification is limited to reasonable expenses actually incurred and shall not be made in respect of any proceeding in which the person has been found liable for willful or intentional misconduct in the performance of his duty to the corporation. A corporation is obligated under the TBCA to indemnify a director or officer against reasonable expenses incurred by him in connection with a proceeding in which he is named defendant or respondent because he is or was a director or officer if he has been wholly successful, on the merits or otherwise, in the defense of the proceeding.

Under the TBCA a corporation may:

– indemnify and advance expenses to an officer, employee, agent or other persons who are or were serving at the request of the corporation as a director, officer, partner, venturer, proprietor, trustee, employee, agent or similar functionary of another entity to the same extent that it may indemnify and advance expenses to its directors;

– indemnify and advance expenses to directors and such other persons set forth above to such further extent, consistent with law, as may be provided in the corporation's articles of incorporation, bylaws, action of its board of directors, or contract or as permitted by common law;

89


        – purchase and maintain insurance or another arrangement on behalf of directors and such other persons set forth above against any liability asserted against him and incurred by him in such a capacity or arising out of his status as such a person.

The Gexa articles of incorporation substantially provide that directors and officers of Gexa will be indemnified to the fullest extent permitted by the TBCA. Gexa has also entered into indemnification agreements with its directors and certain officers providing for indemnification to the maximum extent permitted under the TBCA. A further description of indemnification obligations is set forth herein in the Section entitled "The Merger — Interests of Directors and Officers in the Merger", beginning on page 32 of this proxy statement/prospectus.

Limitation on Director Liability

 

Section 607.0831 of the FBCA provides that a director is not personally liable for monetary damages to a corporation or any other person for any statement, vote, decision, or failure to act, regarding corporate management or policy by a director, unless:

– the director breached or failed to perform his or her duties as a director, and

– the director's breach of, or failure to perform, those duties constitutes:

– a violation of the criminal law, unless the director had reasonable cause to believe his or her conduct was lawful or had no reasonable cause to believe his or her conduct was unlawful. A judgment or other final adjudication against a director in any criminal proceeding for a violation of the criminal law estops that director from contesting the fact that his or her breach, or failure to perform, constitutes a violation of the criminal law; but does not estop the director from establishing that he or she had reasonable cause to believe that his or her conduct was lawful or had to reasonable cause to believe that his or her conduct was unlawful,

– a transaction from which the director derived an improper personal benefit, either directly or indirectly,

– a circumstance under which the liability provisions of Section 607.0834 of the FBCA are applicable (which section pertains to unlawful distributions to shareholders),

 

Under Article 1302-7.06 of the Texas Miscellaneous Corporation Laws Act, the articles of incorporation of a Texas corporation may provide that a director of that corporation shall not be liable, or shall be liable only to the extent provided in the articles of incorporation, to the corporation or its shareholders for monetary damages for acts or omissions in the director's capacity as a director, except that the articles of incorporation cannot provide for the elimination or limitation of liability of a director to the extent that the director is found liable for:

– a breach of the director's duty of loyalty to the corporation or its shareholders;

– acts or omissions not in good faith that constitute a breach of duty of the director to the corporation or an act or omission that involves intentional misconduct or a knowing violation of the law;

– any transaction from which the director received an improper benefit, whether or not the benefit resulted from an action taken within the scope of the director's office; or

– an act or omission for which the liability of a director is expressly provided by an applicable statute.

The Gexa articles of incorporation provide that no director shall be liable to the company or its shareholders for monetary damages, provided, however, that such provision shall not eliminate or limit the liability of a director to the extent the director is found liable for the actions, omissions or conduct listed above.

90



 

 

– in a proceeding by or in the right of the corporation to procure a judgment in its favor or by or in the right of a shareholder, conscious disregard for the best interest of the corporation, or willful misconduct, or

– in a proceeding by or in the right of someone other than the corporation or a shareholder, recklessness or an act or omission which was committed in bad faith or with malicious purpose or in a manner exhibiting wanton and willful disregard of human rights, safety, or property.

 

 

Dissenters' or Appraisal Rights

 

Under the FBCA, any shareholder entitled to vote thereon may dissent from and obtain payment for the fair value of his or her shares in the event of:

– consummation of a merger to which the corporation is a party,

– consummation of a sale or exchange of all, or substantially all, of the assets of the corporation, with certain exceptions,

– consummation of a share exchange to which the corporation is a party and the shares held by the shareholder will be acquired,

– amendment of the articles of incorporation if such amendment adversely affects the shareholder by altering or abolishing any preemptive or voting rights with respect to such shares, or effects an exchange, cancellation or reclassification of such shares that alters the shareholder's percentage equity interest, effects a reduction or cancellation of accrued dividends or other arrearages, reduces the stated redemption price of the shareholder's redeemable shares, or makes them redeemable, or abolishes or alters a sinking fund for redemption or purchase of such shares, or effects certain changes with respect to preferred stock, or

– any other amendment to the articles of incorporation, merger, share exchange, or disposition of assets to the extent provided by the articles of incorporation, bylaws or a resolution of the board of directors,

Under the FBCA, with certain exceptions, shareholders do not have such dissenters' rights, if, on the record date fixed to determine the shareholders entitled to vote at the meeting of shareholders at which such action is to be acted upon or to consent to any such action without a meeting, the shares were (i) listed on the NYSE or the American Stock Exchange or (ii) designated as a national market system security on an interdealer quotation system by the National Association of Securities Dealers, Inc. ("NASD"), or (iii) held of record by not fewer than 2,000 shareholders and have a market value of at least $10 million exclusive of shares held by certain persons.

 

Under the TBCA, any shareholder of a Texas corporation has the right to dissent and seek payment of the fair value of his or her shares from to any of the following corporate actions:

– any plan of merger to which the corporation is a party if shareholder approval is required and the shareholder holds shares that were entitled to vote thereon,

– any sale, lease, exchange or other disposition (not including any pledge, mortgage, etc) of all. or substantially all, the property and assets, of a corporation if special authorization of the shareholders is required by the TBCA and the shareholder holds shares that were entitled to vote thereon, or

– any plan of exchange in which the shares of the corporation held by the shareholder are to be acquired.

Under the TBCA, shareholders do not have such dissenters rights with respect to a plan of merger in which there is a single surviving corporation or from any plan of exchange, if:

– the shares held by the shareholder are part of a class or series of shares which are listed on a national securities exchange, the Nasdaq stock market or designated as a national market security by the NASD or are held by record by not less than 2,000 holders;

– the shareholder is not required by the terms of the plan of merger or plan of exchange to accept for its shares any consideration that is different from the consideration (other than cash in lieu of fractional shares) to be provided to any other holder of shares of the same class or series; and

– the shareholder is not required by the terms of the plan of merger or the plan of exchange to accept for its shares any consideration other than (i) shares of a domestic or foreign corporation that, immediately after the effective time of the merger or exchange will by part of a class or series of shares which are listed on a national securities exchange, the Nasdaq stock market or designated as a national market security by the NASD or are held by record by not less than 2,000 holders; (ii) cash in lieu of fractional shares, or (iii) any combination of (i) and (ii).

91



LEGAL MATTERS

        The validity of the issuance of the shares of common stock offered by this prospectus will be passed upon for FPL Group by Steel Hector & Davis LLP, Miami, Florida. McDermott Will & Emery LLP will pass upon certain federal income tax considerations of the merger for FPL Group. Porter & Hedges, L.L.P. will pass upon certain federal income tax considerations of the merger for Gexa.


EXPERTS

        The consolidated financial statements as of December 31, 2004 and 2003, and for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2004, and management's report on the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2004, incorporated in this prospectus by reference from FPL Group's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2004, have been audited by Deloitte & Touche LLP, an independent registered public accounting firm, as stated in (1) their report dated February 24, 2005 relating to the consolidated financial statements of FPL Group (which report expresses an unqualified opinion and includes explanatory paragraphs relating to FPL Group's changes in 2003 in its methods of accounting for special purpose entities and for asset retirement obligations and change in 2002 in its method of accounting for goodwill), and (2) their report dated February 24, 2005 relating to management's report on the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, which are incorporated herein by reference, and have been so incorporated in reliance upon the reports of such firm given upon their authority as experts in accounting and auditing.

        The consolidated financial statements of Gexa as of December 31, 2004 and 2003 and for the years ended December 31, 2004, 2003 and 2002, included in this proxy statement/prospectus, have been audited by Hein & Associates LLP, an independent registered public accounting firm. Such consolidated financial statements have been included herein and elsewhere in the registration statement of which this proxy statement/prospectus is a part in reliance upon the reports of such firm given upon their authority as experts in accounting and auditing.


WHERE YOU CAN FIND MORE INFORMATION

        We each file annual, quarterly and special reports, proxy statements and other information with the Securities and Exchange Commission. You may read and copy any document that we file at the Securities and Exchange Commission's Public Reference Room at 450 Fifth Street N.W., Washington, D.C. 20549. You can obtain additional information about the Public Reference Room by calling the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330.

        In addition, the SEC maintains an Internet site (http://www.sec.gov) that contains reports, proxy and information statements, and other information regarding issuers that file electronically with the SEC, including FPL Group. Also, FPL Group maintains an Internet site (http://www.fplgroup.com). Information included on the FPL Group Internet site is not incorporated by reference in this proxy statement/prospectus.

        FPL Group has filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission a registration statement on Form S-4. This proxy statement/prospectus is a part of the registration statement and constitutes a prospectus of FPL Group for FPL Group common stock to be issued to you in the merger. As allowed by the Securities and Exchange Commission rules, this proxy statement/prospectus does not contain all the information you can find in the registration statement or the exhibits to the registration statement.

        The Securities and Exchange Commission allows FPL Group to "incorporate by reference" the information it files with them, which means that FPL Group can disclose important business and financial information about FPL Group to you that is not included in or delivered with this proxy statement/prospectus by referring you to those documents. The information incorporated by reference

92



is considered to be part of this proxy statement/prospectus. Information that FPL Group files later with the Securities and Exchange Commission will automatically update and supersede this information.

        FPL Group incorporates by reference the documents listed below and any filing FPL Group will make with the Securities and Exchange Commission under Sections 13(a), 13(c), 14 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 following the date of this proxy statement/prospectus and prior to the date of the special meeting:

        In addition, FPL Group incorporates by reference any future filings it makes with the SEC under Section 13(a), 13(c), 14 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act after the date of this proxy statement/prospectus and prior to the date of the special meeting of Gexa's shareholders. These documents are considered to be a part of this proxy statement/prospectus, effective as of the date each of the documents are filed. In the event of conflicting information in these documents, the information in the latest filed document should be considered correct.

        You can obtain any of the documents listed above from the SEC, through the SEC's Internet site at the address described above or FPL Group will provide you with copies of these documents without charge upon oral or written request to:

FPL Group, Inc.
700 Universe Boulevard
Juno Beach, Florida 33408
Attention: Investor Relations
(561) 694-4000

        These documents are available from FPL Group without charge, excluding any exhibits to them unless the exhibit is specifically listed as an exhibit to the registration statement of which this proxy statement/prospectus forms a part.

93


        Neither FPL Group nor Gexa have authorized anyone to give any information or make any representation about the merger or about them that differs from or adds to the information in this proxy statement/prospectus or in their documents or the documents that FPL Group and Gexa publicly file with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Therefore, if anyone does give you different or additional information, you should not rely on it.

        If you are in a jurisdiction where it is unlawful to offer to exchange or sell, or to ask for offers to exchange or buy, the securities offered by this proxy statement/prospectus or to ask for proxies, or if you are a person to whom it is unlawful to direct such activities, then the offer presented by this proxy statement/prospectus does not extend to you.

        The information contained in this proxy statement/prospectus speaks only as of its date unless the information specifically indicates that another date applies.

94



INDEX TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS OF GEXA CORP.

        

 
  Page

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

 

F-2

Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2004 and 2003

 

F-3

Statements of Operations for the Years Ended December 31, 2004, 2003 and 2002

 

F-4

Statements of Shareholders' Equity for the Years Ended December 31, 2004, 2003 and 2002

 

F-5

Statements of Cash Flows for the Years Ended December 31, 2004, 2003 and 2002

 

F-6

Notes to Financial Statements

 

F-9

F-1



REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

To the Board of Directors and Shareholders of Gexa Corp., Houston, Texas:

        We have audited the accompanying balance sheets of Gexa Corp. as of December 31, 2004 and 2003, and the related statements of operations, shareholders' equity and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2004. These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audits.

        We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. The Company has determined that it is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. Our audit included consideration of internal control over financial reporting as a basis for designing audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company's internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion. An audit also includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

        In our opinion, the financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of Gexa Corp. at December 31, 2004 and 2003, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2004 in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.



/s/  HEIN & ASSOCIATES LLP      
   

March 25, 2005
Houston, Texas

F-2



Gexa Corp
BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands, except share data)

 
  December 31, 2004
  December 31, 2003
 
Assets              
Current Assets:              
  Cash and cash equivalents   $ 8,862   $ 10,829  
  Cash — restricted     6,685     3,613  
  Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts     35,486     22,139  
  Deferred tax asset     841     458  
  Other current assets     319     270  
   
 
 
    Total Current Assets     52,193     37,309  

Property and equipment, net

 

 

1,195

 

 

374

 
Deferred tax asset     45     292  
Other assets     2,822     227  
   
 
 
    Total Assets   $ 56,255   $ 38,202  
   
 
 

Liabilities and Shareholders' Equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Current Liabilities:              
  Current portion of long-term debt   $   $ 608  
  Accrued electricity costs     15,463     16,555  
  Accrued transmission and distribution costs     8,879     5,273  
  Accounts payable and other accrued expenses     2,524     811  
  Sales tax payable     2,877     1,446  
  Income tax payable     3,983     1,477  
  Customer deposits     6,119     3,376  
   
 
 
    Total Current Liabilities     39,845     29,546  
   
 
 

Long-term debt

 

 


 

 

2,382

 
Puttable warrant obligation (See Note 10)         4,125  
Accrued interest payable — officer         20  
   
 
 
    Total Liabilities     39,845     36,073  
   
 
 

Commitments and contingencies (See Notes 9, 10 and 17)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shareholders' Equity:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
  Common stock, $0.01 par value; 75,000,000 shares authorized; 9,757,222 shares issued and 9,743,375 shares outstanding at December 31, 2004; 8,261,128 shares issued and 8,247,281 shares outstanding at December 31, 2003     98     83  
  Additional paid-in capital     13,727     7,348  
  Unearned stock-based compensation     (295 )    
  Treasury stock, at cost; 13,847 shares     (15 )   (15 )
  Retained earnings (accumulated deficit)     2,895     (5,287 )
   
 
 
    Total Shareholders' Equity     16,410     2,129  
   
 
 
    Total Liabilities and Shareholders' Equity   $ 56,255   $ 38,202  
   
 
 

See accompanying notes to financial statements

F-3



GEXA CORP.
STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(In thousands, except per share data)

 
  For the years ended,
 
 
  December 31, 2004
  December 31, 2003
  December 31, 2002
 
Sales   $ 273,894   $ 115,143   $ 19,039  
Cost of goods sold     238,206     99,697     14,589  
   
 
 
 
 
Gross profit

 

 

35,688

 

 

15,446

 

 

4,450

 

Selling, general and administrative expenses

 

 

24,144

 

 

12,662

 

 

3,492

 
   
 
 
 
 
Income from operations

 

 

11,544

 

 

2,784

 

 

958

 

Interest income

 

 

45

 

 

21

 

 

23

 
Interest expense     (2,123 )   (449 )   (10 )
Gain on extinguishment of debt     688          
Other financing income (expense)     2,062     (3,630 )    
   
 
 
 
 
Income (loss) before income taxes

 

 

12,216

 

 

(1,274

)

 

971

 

Income tax expense

 

 

4,034

 

 

922

 

 

331

 
   
 
 
 
 
Net income (loss)

 

 

8,182

 

 

(2,196

)

 

640

 

Preferred stock dividend

 

 


 

 

(167

)

 

(50

)
   
 
 
 
 
Net income (loss) available to common shareholders

 

$

8,182

 

$

(2,363

)

$

590

 
   
 
 
 

Weighted average shares outstanding:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
  Basic     8,606     7,647     7,328  
  Diluted     9,835     7,647     7,989  

Earnings per share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
  Basic   $ 0.95   $ (0.31 ) $ 0.08  
  Diluted   $ 0.83   $ (0.31 ) $ 0.07  

See accompanying notes to financial statements

F-4



GEXA CORP.
STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY
YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2004, 2003 AND 2002
(In thousands)

 
  Preferred Stock
  Common Stock
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
 
  Additional
Paid-in
Capital

  Treasury
Stock

  Stock
Subscription
Receivable

  Unearned
Stock-based
Compensation

  Retained
Earnings
(Deficit)

   
 
 
  Shares
  Amount
  Shares
  Amount
  Total
 
Balance, December 31, 2001     $   6,485   $ 65   $ 4,058   $   $   $   $ (3,514 ) $ 609  

Issued common stock for services

 


 

 


 

401

 

 

4

 

 

297

 

 


 

 


 

 


 

 


 

 

301

 
Sale of preferred stock   508     25           900                     925  
Sale of common stock         685     7     789                     796  
Company purchased treasury stock                     (60 )               (60 )
Sale of treasury stock                     50                 50  
Warrants issued in financing agreement                 300                     300  
Warrants cancelled from financing agreement                 (200 )                   (200 )
Common stock dividend to preferred shareholders         34         50                 (50 )    
Stock subscription receivable                         (14 )           (14 )
Net Income                                 640     640  
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Balances, December 31, 2002

 

508

 

 

25

 

7,605

 

 

76

 

 

6,194

 

 

(10

)

 

(14

)

 


 

 

(2,924

)

 

3,347

 

Issued common stock for services

 


 

 


 

33

 

 


 

 

65

 

 


 

 


 

 


 

 


 

 

65

 
Sales of common stock         3         11                     11  
Issued warrants for Loan Agreement                 123                     123  
Purchased common stock from former employee                     (3 )               (3 )
Exercise of stock warrants         29         51                     51  
Stock subscription receivable                     (15 )   14             (1 )
Issued treasury stock for services                     13                 13  
Issuance of options to former employee                 718                     718  
Preferred stock conversion to common stock   (508 )   (25 ) 588     7     19                      
Common stock dividend to preferred shareholders         20         167                 (167 )    
Common shares extinguished         (16 )                            
Net loss                                 (2,196 )   (2,196 )
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Balances, December 31, 2003

 


 

 


 

8,262

 

 

83

 

 

7,348

 

 

(15

)

 


 

 


 

 

(5,287

)

 

2,128

 

Issued common stock and warrants for services

 


 

 


 

120

 

 

1

 

 

1,451

 

 


 

 


 

 

(295

)

 


 

 

1,157

 
Stock and warrant offerings, net of issuance costs         1,176     12     4,871                     4,883  
Exercise of warrants         199     2     222                     224  
Fees capitalized in Equity                 (165 )                   (165 )
Net Income                                 8,182     8,182  
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balances, December 31, 2004     $   9,757   $ 98   $ 13,727   $ (15 ) $   $ (295 ) $ 2,895   $ 16,410  
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

See accompanying notes to financial statements

F-5



Gexa Corp.
STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In thousands)

 
  For the years ended,
 
 
  December 31, 2004
  December 31, 2003
  December 31, 2002
 
Cash flows from operating activities:                    
Net income (loss)   $ 8,182   $ (2,196 ) $ 640  

Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
  Depreciation and amortization     329     145     33  
  Amortization of financing costs     489     75     100  
  Accretion of debt discount     (153 )   61      
  Stock compensation to officers, directors and consultants for services     179     78     301  
  Stock compensation to former officer         718        
  Gain on extinguishment of debt     (688 )        
  Change in puttable warrant obligation     (2,062 )   3,630      
  Deferred income tax benefit     (136 )   (554 )   (37 )
 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
    Accounts receivable     (13,347 )   (16,328 )   (6,881 )
    Other current assets     54     (196 )   (73 )
    Other long-term assets     (113 )   (149 )   (53 )
    Accrued electricity costs     (1,092 )   13,620     2,935  
    Accrued TDSP costs     3,606     3,624     1,649  
    Accounts payable and other accrued expenses     938     692     (99 )
    Sales tax payable     1,431     1,172     1,344  
    Income tax payable     2,506     1,108     369  
    Customer deposits     2,743     2,790     586  
    Accrued interest payable     (20 )   8     8  
   
 
 
 
Net cash provided by operating activities     2,846     8,297     822  

Cash flows from investing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
  Restricted cash     (3,072 )   (2,651 )   (962 )
  Purchases of equipment     (1,656 )   (232 )   (233 )
   
 
 
 
Net cash used in investing activities     (4,728 )   (2,883 )   (1,195 )

Cash flows from financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
    Borrowings on credit facility             500  
    Repayments on credit facility and puttable warrant obligation     (5,029 )   (500 )    
    Borrowings on revolving credit line     6,057         28  
    Repayments on revolving credit line     (6,057 )   (28 )    
    Borrowings on term loan         3,650      
    Repayments on term loan         (202 )    
    Proceeds on sales of preferred stock             925  
    Proceeds from the sales of common stock     5,109     61     796  
    Purchase of treasury stock         (3 )   (60 )
    Retirement of treasury stock             50  
    Stock subscriptions receivable             (14 )
    Payments for stock offering expenses     (165 )        
   
 
 
 

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities

 

 

(85

)

 

2,978

 

 

2,225

 

Net change in cash and cash equivalents

 

 

(1,967

)

 

8,392

 

 

1,852

 
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period     10,829     2,437     585  

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

 

$

8,862

 

$

10,829

 

$

2,437

 
   
 
 
 
Cash paid for interest   $ 280   $ 231   $ 1  
   
 
 
 
Cash paid for income taxes   $ 1,649   $ 435   $  
   
 
 
 

See accompanying notes to financial statements

F-6


Supplementary disclosure of non-cash transactions

        During the twelve months ended December 31, 2004, certain broker commissions were paid with 7,400 shares of common stock valued at market price on date of issue, averaging $7.17 per share.

        During the twelve months ended December 31, 2004, employees of the Company were granted 6,750 shares of common stock, that were valued at an average market price of $5.33 per share, in lieu of compensation.

        During the twelve months ended December 31, 2004, the Company issued 21,356 shares of common stock for services provided. The services were provided by Continental Airlines for the One Pass ® partner program where the Company provides mileage to customers in exchange for payment by the Company to Continental of cash and Company common stock. The common stock was issued in separate issues as follows: 3,306 shares issued at a market price of $4.40, 5,232 shares issued at a market price of $4.75, 5,006 shares issued at a market price of $5.00, and 7,812 shares issued at a market price of $4.99.

        During the twelve months ended December 31, 2004, the Company issued 275,000 warrants to purchase common stock. These warrants have a five year term and were issued in conjunction with obtaining a revolving credit facility with Highbridge/Zwirn Opportunities Fund, L.P. as follows: 150,000 warrants were issued to HBZ and the remaining 125,000 were issued to a broker who assisted in facilitating the credit facility. The warrants were valued using the Black-Scholes valuation method. For information on the Company's assumptions for Black-Scholes, reference Note 8. Long Term Debt, for details on the valuation of these warrants.

        During the twelve months ended December 31, 2004, the Company issued 85,000 shares of restricted stock to employees. This stock was issued to officers of the Company. 25,000 shares vest by May 26, 2005, with the remaining 60,000 vesting by October 28, 2005. Based on an issuance price of $4.41 per share on date of issue, the total value of this award is $374,850. The total amount expensed during fiscal 2004 is $79,996 with the remaining $294,854 deferred and recognized over the vesting period of the options.

        During the twelve months ended December 31, 2003, the Company issued warrants for the right to purchase up to 631,000 shares of the Company's common stock at an exercise price of $1.00 per share in connection with a term loan issued on July 16, 2003. Warrants to purchase 550,000 shares of common stock included a put option that requires these warrants to receive liability treatment under SFAS No. 150. These warrants had an initial value of $495,000 which was reflected as a discount to the long-term debt. See Note 10 for a discussion of the valuation of the warrants with put options under SFAS No. 150. The remaining warrants to acquire 81,000 shares of common stock were issued under a portion of the term loan that represented a modification to the Company's existing loan agreement with another third party bringing that loan under the term loan agreement with the party receiving the warrants to acquire 550,000 shares of common stock. These warrants were fair-valued at $122,733 using the Black-Scholes model and are reflected as a discount to the long-term debt.

        On December 31, 2003 19,634 shares of common stock valued at $166,889 were issued to preferred shareholders as a preferred stock dividend. On December 31, 2003 all 508,214 shares of preferred stock in the amount of $924,400 were converted to common stock in accordance with the mandatory conversion provision at December 31, 2003 attached to the preferred shares. The preferred shares were converted to 588,484 shares of common stock.

        During the year ended December 31, 2003, sales tax refunds of approximately $1.1 million were made to customers based on an opinion letter issued by the Texas State Comptroller's office declaring that certain meters billed to commercial entities for multi-family dwellings should be taxed as residential meters instead of commercial meters. Such treatment exempts said meters from state, county and certain special district taxes. These refunds were offset against customer billings, offset

F-7



against losses related to bad debt losses for customers no longer with the Company where a bad debt loss was incurred, or refunded via check.

        During the twelve months ended December 31, 2002, the Company issued stock warrants to a lender as part of the Company's financing agreement. The warrants for 300,000 shares were valued at $300,000 and were amortized at $8,333 per month to match the three year term of the financing agreement. At December 31, 2002, the financing agreement was terminated and the warrants were cancelled; the unamortized portion of the value at the time of the cancellation, $200,000, was offset against additional paid in capital.

        During the twelve months ended December 31, 2002, the Company issued 33,549 shares of common stock, valued at $50,323, as dividend payments to holders of the Company's preferred stock.

F-8



Gexa Corp.
Notes to Financial Statements

1.     Organization

        Gexa Corp. ("the Company") was incorporated in Texas on February 13, 2001. On August 2, 2001, the Company received its license from the Public Utility Commission of Texas to serve as a retail provider of electricity to residential and commercial customers in deregulated markets within the state of Texas. On January 1, 2002, Gexa began to provide retail electric services in the state of Texas.

2.     Basis of Presentation and Significant Accounting Policies

        The accompanying financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

Reclassifications

        The Company has reclassified certain prior fiscal year amounts in the accompanying financial statements in order to be consistent with the current fiscal year presentation. During fiscal 2004, the Company reclassified certain costs associated with sales commissions, marketing programs and transaction processing fees from cost of goods sold to selling, general and administrative expenses in our statements of operations. The reclassified amounts decreased cost of goods sold and increased selling, general and administrative expenses by $6.5 million, $3.4 million and $0.7 million in fiscal 2004, 2003 and 2002, respectively. Such reclassifications had no effect on net income or loss.

Use of estimates

        The preparation of financial statements in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. The significant estimates for the Company include:


Normal Purchases and Sales Accounting

        In fiscal 2004, the Company used a combination of long term contracts, short term contracts, month-ahead purchases, and day-ahead purchases to match up with forecasted demand of our commercial customers on long term sales contracts, commercial customer on month-to-month contracts, and residential customers (which are all on month-to-month contracts). The Company applied the normal purchase, normal sales accounting treatment to its forward purchase supply contracts and its customer sales contracts. Accordingly, the Company recorded revenue generated from its sales contracts as energy was delivered to its retail customers, and direct energy costs are recorded when the energy under its long-term forward physical delivery contracts was delivered.

F-9



Revenue and Cost Recognition

        The Company records electricity sales under the accrual method and these revenues are recognized upon delivery of electricity to the customer's meter. Electric services not billed by month-end are accrued based upon estimated deliveries to customers as tracked and recorded by ERCOT multiplied by the Company's average billing rate per kilowatt hour ("kWh") in effect at the time.

        In November 2003, the Company changed its revenue estimation technique to one referred to as the "flow" technique. In the latter half of 2003, the Company determined that the market was operating at a point of efficiency such that it would be appropriate for the Company to begin accruing revenue based on ERCOT settlements of power deliveries, and given the limitations of the billings technique, the Company chose to change to the flow technique. In addition, by the end of the fiscal year 2003, the Company had sufficient initial settlement and resettlement data from ERCOT to arrive at a reasonable estimate for 2003 revenues assuming that the flow method had been in place since January 1, 2003.

        The flow technique of revenue calculation relies upon ERCOT settlement statements to determine the estimated revenue for a given month. Supply delivered to our customers for the month, measured on a daily basis, provides the basis for revenues. ERCOT provides net electricity delivered data in three time frames. Initial daily settlements become available approximately 17 days after the day being settled. Approximately 45 days after the day being settled, a "resettlement' is provided to adjust the initial settlement to the actual supply delivered based on subsequent comparison of prior forecasts to actual meter reads processed. A final resettlement is provided approximately 180 days after power is delivered, marking the last routine settlement adjustment to the power deliveries for that day.

        Because flow data for resettlements and final resettlements are not available in sufficient time to be booked to the appropriate period, the effect of such resettlements are booked in the month in which the cost of goods sold ("COGS") effect of those resettlements is realized. This allows for a proper matching of revenues with COGS.

        Sales represent the total proceeds from energy sales, including pass through charges from the Transmission and Distribution Providers ("TDSPs") billed to the customer at cost. COGS includes electric power purchased, and pass through charges from the TDSPs in the areas serviced by the Company. TDSP charges are costs for metering services and maintenance of the electric grid. TDSP charges are established by regulation by the Public Utility Commission of Texas ("PUCT").

        The energy portion of the Company's COGS is comprised of two components: bilateral wholesale costs and balancing/ancillary costs. These two cost components are incurred and recognized in different manners.

        Bilateral wholesale costs are incurred through contractual arrangements with wholesale power suppliers for firm delivery of power at a fixed volume and fixed price. The Company is invoiced for these wholesale volumes at the end of each calendar month for the volumes purchased for delivery during the month, with payment due 30 days after the end of the month.

        Balancing/ancillary costs are based on the customer load and are determined by ERCOT through a multiple step settlement process. Balancing costs/revenues are related to the differential between supply provided by the Company through its bilateral wholesale supply and the supply required to serve the Company's customer load. The Company endeavors to minimize the amount of balancing/ancillary costs through its load forecasting and forward purchasing programs.

F-10



Unbilled Revenue and Accounts Receivable

        At the end of each calendar month, revenue is accrued to unbilled receivables based on the estimated amount of power delivered to customers using the flow technique. Unbilled revenue also includes accruals for estimated TDSP charges and monthly service charges applicable to the estimated electricity usage for the period.

        All charges that were physically billed to customers in the calendar month are recorded from the unbilled account to the customer receivables account. Accounts receivables are customer obligations billed at the conclusion of a month's electricity usage and due within 16 to 30 days of the date of the invoice depending on customer payment terms. Balances past due are subject to a late fee that is assessed on that billing.

        The large number of customers and significant volume of transactions create a challenge to manage receivables as well as to estimate the account balances that ultimately will not be paid by the customers ("bad debt write-offs"). The Company uses a variety of tools to estimate and provide an accurate and adequate allowance for doubtful accounts reserve; the allowance for doubtful accounts is expensed each month as a percentage of revenue based on the historical bad debt write-off trends that will result from that month's gross revenues. For the years ended, December 31, 2004, 2003 and 2002, the Company's bad debt expense was approximately $7.1 million, or 2.6% of sales, $3.9 million, or 3.4% of sales and $679,000, or 3.6% of sales respectively.

        The Company follows a consistent process to determine which accounts should be written off and compares the total actual write-offs to the estimated percentage of total revenue accrued and expensed each month. Past due accounts are regularly reviewed based on aging for possible removal from service, in-house or external collections efforts, or write-off. For residential customers and commercial customers with a balance under $700.00, with some minor exceptions, the total balance for all accounts with any portion of their balance over 60 days past due is considered to be uncollectible and is written off, net of security deposits held for these accounts. Delinquent commercial accounts with balances greater than $700.00 are reviewed individually by in-house collections, and payment arrangements, removal from service and possible write-off of all or a portion of the receivable is determined on a case-by-case basis.

        The Company has initiated a variety of actions targeted to reduce the amount of bad debt incurred by the Company. The principal actions are as follows:


Cash and Cash Equivalents

        The Company considers all highly liquid short-term investments purchased with a maturity of three months or less at the date of purchase to be cash equivalents.

Restricted Cash

        The Company has restricted cash related to customer deposits and certificates of deposit used to secure letters of credit for the purchase of electricity, the payment of TDSP pass through charges, and operations. Customer deposit cash must be held by the Company and may not be directly spent on any operational or other expense. Restricted cash securing letters of credit may not be used for any purpose by the Company unless the underlying obligation being secured is relieved or secured with other collateral. See Note 7, Restricted Cash, Cash Equivalents, and Energy Deposits for more details.

F-11



Fair Value of Financial Instruments

        The Company's financial instruments consist primarily of cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, and accounts payable. The carrying amounts of these financial instruments are reflected in the accompanying balance sheets at amounts considered by management to approximate their fair values due to their short-term nature.

Equipment

        Equipment is stated at cost. Maintenance, repairs and minor renewals are expensed when incurred. The Company's fixed assets are classified as furniture, computer hardware, computer software, telephones, and leasehold improvements. The Company considers leasehold improvements to be improvements that can not be removed without substantially damaging or requiring substantial repair to leased asset. The Company depreciates these items over the term of the lease or the service life of the improvement, whichever is shorter. All of these items, except for leasehold improvements, are depreciated on a straight-line basis over a three year period. Depreciation expense for the years ended December 31, 2004, 2003 and 2002 was $265,000, $145,000, and $33,000 respectively.

Income Taxes

        The Company accounts for income taxes pursuant to the asset and liability method which requires deferred income tax assets and liabilities to be computed annually for temporary differences between the financial statement and tax bases of assets and liabilities that will result in taxable or deductible amounts in the future based on enacted tax laws and rates applicable to the periods in which the differences are expected to affect taxable income. Valuation allowances will be established when necessary to reduce deferred tax assets to the amount expected to be realized. No allowances have been established through the end of fiscal 2004.

Deferred Financing Costs

        The Company defers costs incurred in connection with financings and amortizes the costs over the life of the related debt in accordance with the effective interest method. During fiscal 2004, 2003 and 2002 we incurred financing costs of $2.3 million, $0.8 million and $0.0 million, respectively. The Company expensed $0.5 million, $0.1 million and $0.1 million in fees and other costs related to our financing in 2004, 2003 and 2002 respectively. The Company had $1.9 million in deferred financing costs classified as "Other long-term assets" on December 31, 2004 and $0.1 million on December 31, 2003.

Net Income (loss) per share

        The Company presents "basic" net income (loss) per share and "diluted" net income (loss) per share. Basic net income (losses) per share is calculated by dividing net income (loss) available to common shareholders by the weighted average number of shares outstanding during each period. The calculation of diluted net income (loss) available to common shareholders per share is similar to that of basic earnings per share, except that the denominator is increased to include the number of additional common shares that would have been outstanding if all of the potential common share equivalents were exercised. See Note 13, Earnings Per Share for more details.

Comprehensive income

        Comprehensive income represents any non-owner changes in equity besides income (loss) and dividends. The Company's comprehensive income (loss) for the years ended December 31, 2004, 2003 and 2002 was equal to net income (loss) as reported herein.

F-12



Stock-based compensation

        The Company accounts for stock based compensation to employees using the intrinsic value method. Pro forma information regarding net income (loss) and net income (loss) per share available to common shareholders is required by SFAS No. 148 and has been determined as if the Company had accounted for its stock options under the fair value method as provided therein.

        For purposes of pro forma disclosures, the estimated fair value of the options is amortized to expense over the options' graded vesting period.

        In December 2002, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") amended the transition and disclosure requirements of SFAS No. 123 through the issuance of SFAS No. 148, "Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation—Transition and Disclosure". SFAS No. 148 amends the existing disclosures to make more frequent and prominent disclosure of stock-based compensation expense beginning with financial statements for fiscal years ending after December 15, 2002. The company has adopted the disclosure provisions of SFAS No. 148.

        If the Company had accounted for its stock-based employee and outside director's compensation under the minimum fair value recognition and measurement principles, the Company's reported net income amounts would have been adjusted to the pro forma net income amounts presented below:

 
  December 31,
2004

  December 31,
2003

  December 31,
2002

 
 
  (In thousands, except share data)

 
Pro Forma impact of fair value method (FAS 148)                    

Reported net income (loss) available to common shareholders

 

$

8,182

 

$

(2,363

)

$

590

 
Less: Total stock-based compensation expense determined under fair value based method for all awards, net of related tax effects     (640 )   (348 )   (213 )
   
 
 
 
Pro forma net income (loss) available to common shareholders   $ 7,542   $ (2,711 ) $ 377  
   
 
 
 

Earnings per common share

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic – as reported

 

$

0.95

 

$

(0.31

)

$

0.08

 
Diluted – as reported     0.83     (0.31 )   0.07  
Basic – pro forma     0.88     (0.35 )   0.05  
Diluted – pro forma     0.77     (0.35 )   0.05  

Weighted average Black-Scholes value assumptions

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Risk free interest rate

 

 

3

%

 

5

%

 

3

%
Expected life     3 yrs     3 yrs     3 yrs  
Expected volatility     36 – 176 %   193 %   124 %
Expected dividend yield     0 %   0 %   0 %

Recent Accounting Standards

        In October 2004, the FASB concluded that SFAS No. 123R, "Share-Based Payment", which would require all companies to measure compensation cost for all share-based payments (including employee stock options) at fair value. SFAS No. 123R is effective for the Company for interim or annual period beginning after June 15, 2005. The Company will adopt SFAS No. 123R on July 1, 2005 and does not believe the adoption will have a material impact on its financial statements.

F-13



3.     Sales and Cost of Goods Sold

        Below are the major components of our sales and cost of goods sold for the last three fiscal years. Electricity includes the power we deliver to customers, while TDSP charges (which are billed to the customer at cost) include metering services and maintenance of the electrical grid. Other revenue is primarily comprised of monthly service charges and late fees. See the table below for details of our revenue and cost of goods sold for the year ended December 31, 2004, 2003, and 2002:

 
  Major Components of Sales
 
  December 31, 2004
  December 31, 2003
  December 31, 2002
 
  (In thousands)

Electricity   $ 203,918   $ 86,405   $ 13,684
TDSP     62,115     25,973     5,013
Other     7,861     2,765     342
   
 
 
Total sales   $ 273,894   $ 115,143   $ 19,039
   
 
 

 


 

Major Components of Cost of Goods Sold

 
  December 31, 2004
  December 31, 2003
  December 31, 2002
Electricity   $ 176,091   $ 73,724   $ 9,576
TDSP     62,115     25,973     5,013
   
 
 
Total cost of goods sold   $ 238,206   $ 99,697   $ 14,589
   
 
 

4.     Accounts Receivable, net

        Accounts receivable consisted of billed receivables, unbilled receivables and allowance for doubtful accounts as follows:

 
  December 31, 2004
  December 31, 2003
 
 
  (In thousands)

 
Billed receivables   $ 20,759   $ 13,126  
Unbilled receivables     17,160     10,313  
Allowance for doubtful accounts     (2,433 )   (1,300 )
   
 
 
Accounts receivable, net   $ 35,486   $ 22,139  
   
 
 

        The following table sets forth the activity in the Company's allowance for doubtful accounts for the years ended:

 
  December 31, 2004
  December 31, 2003
  December 31, 2002
 
 
  (In thousands)

 
Balance, beginning of year   $ 1,300   $ 326   $  
Provisions charged to operations     7,052     3,900     679  
Write-offs (net of recoveries)     (5,918 )   (2,926 )   (353 )
   
 
 
 
Balance, end of year   $ 2,434   $ 1,300   $ 326  
   
 
 
 

F-14


5.     Equipment

        Equipment, net by asset class consisted of the following:

 
  Estimated Life
  December 31, 2004
  December 31, 2003
 
 
  (In thousands)

 
Computers and printers   3 years   $ 696     134  
Furniture and fixtures   3 years     159     137  
Telephone system   3 years     400     114  
Software and programs   3 years     277     167  
Leasehold improvements   3 years     107      
Less: accumulated depreciation         (444 )   (178 )
       
 
 
Equipment, net       $ 1,195   $ 374  
       
 
 

6.     Other Long-Term Assets

        Other long-term assets consisted of the following:

 
  December 31, 2004
  December 31, 2003
 
  (In thousands)

Capitalized software, net   $ 471   $
Deposits     345     104
Capital lease     97    
Deferred financing costs     1,909     123
   
 
Total other long-term assets, net   $ 2,822   $ 227
   
 

F-15


7.     Restricted Cash, Cash Equivalents and Energy Deposits

        The Company has cash, cash equivalents and deposits related to outstanding letters of credit or cash deposited as collateral to secure performance under energy purchase contracts as follows:

 
  December 31, 2004
  December 31, 2003
 
  (In thousands)

Short-term investments pledged as collateral for letters of credit in connection with agreements for the purchase of electric power   $ 5,767   $ 2,509
Cash and cash equivalents not pledged to letters of credit     918     1,104
   
 
  Total restricted cash and cash equivalents     6,685     3,613
   
 

Energy deposits pledged as collateral in connection with agreements for the purchase of electric power

 

 

304

 

 

103
   
 
Total restricted cash, cash equivalents and energy deposits   $ 6,989   $ 3,716
   
 

        At December 31, 2004, the Company had outstanding $5.8 million in letters of credit which were 100% collateralized with restricted cash. $1.2 million of these letters of credit secure the Company's credit to participate in the ERCOT balancing market allowing the Company to buy and sell power on the balancing markets each day to ensure electricity supplies match customer demand. A letter of credit with JP Morgan Chase Bank in the amount of approximately $0.7 million, secured by cash, is available for use by the Company. A letter of credit in the amount of $3.3 million secures the Company's credit to purchase power from TXU Portfolio Management ("TXU PM") and pay for the power in the month following purchase. The remaining letters of credit totaling approximately $0.6 million are with the TDSPs in the regions in which the Company provides power to customers, and secure the Company's outstanding pass-through charge invoices charged to customers and later paid to the TDSPs for their meter reading services and other grid maintenance charges.

8.     Long-Term Debt

        During the twelve months ended December 31, 2004, the Company entered into the ("Facility") with Highbridge/Zwirn Special Opportunities Fund, L.P. The Facility, which matures on July 8, 2007, may be used to provide working capital for the Company's normal routine operations and for providing a cash reserve to collateralize letters of credit that the Company is required to post. The Facility is collateralized by a lien on substantially all of the Company's assets, subject to the liens already held on such assets by TXU PM and/or JP MorganChase.

        Advances under the Facility bear interest at the rate of 14% per annum and the Company is permitted to prepay advances outstanding under the Facility at any time without penalty upon proper notice to the lenders thereunder. If at any time the Company has unrestricted cash or cash equivalents in excess of $1.2 million, the Company is required to make a prepayment on the advances then outstanding under the Facility in an amount equal to the amount of such cash or cash equivalents being held by the Company on the fifteenth and/or the last day of any month during the term of the Facility in excess of $1.2 million, within one business day of such occurrence. In addition, the Company has agreed to pay to Highbridge/Zwirn Special Opportunities Fund, L.P., for the account of each lender under the Facility, an annual fee in the amount of $150,000 and a commitment fee, which accrues at 2% per annum on the average daily unused amount of the line during the term of the Facility.

        The Facility contains the following covenants:

F-16


        The Facility also contains other restrictions with respect to: the incurrence of debt and liens; the making of restricted payments, investments, loans and advances; entering into leases or sale and leasebacks; the sale or discount of receivables; the merger of the Company; the sale of its properties; entering into transactions with affiliates or into material agreements; and entering into negative pledge agreements, certain dividend restrictions and certain swap agreements. As of December 31, 2004, the Company was in compliance with all debt covenants.

        In connection with the closing of the Facility, the Company issued to Highbridge/Zwirn Special Opportunities Fund, L.P. warrants to acquire 150,000 shares of Company common stock for an exercise price of $4.00 per share. The warrants are currently exercisable, expire on July 9, 2009 and contain anti-dilution protection for the holder of the warrants. Specifically, if the Company issues additional shares of common stock or other securities that are convertible into shares of the Company's common stock, and the consideration for the shares are less than $4.00 per share, the exercise price for the warrants immediately preceding such issuance will be reduced according to the formula specified in the warrants. These warrants were fair valued using the Black-Scholes model to determine the call warrant value of these warrants and were recorded as deferred financing costs and amortized over the life of the Facility. The assumptions used to value these warrants are presented below:

Input Variables

   
 
Stock price (at market)   $ 4.75  
Exercise price   $ 4.00  
Term (in yrs)     3.0  
Volatility     36 %
Annual rate of quarterly dividends   $ 0  
Discount rate — bond equivalent yield     3 %

        These warrants were valued at approximately $250,000.

        The Company also granted the holder of the warrants certain demand and piggyback registration rights pursuant to the terms of the warrants. After July 8, 2005, the holder of the warrants may, on one occasion, request that the Company register the sale of all or part of the Company's common stock underlying the warrants under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the "Securities Act"). With

F-17



respect to the piggyback registration rights, the Company must promptly notify the holder of the warrants of any proposed filing of certain registration statements under the Securities Act relating to underwritten offerings before such filing is to be made. The Company must also cause the holder's securities to be included in the registration statement unless the Company's underwritten offering becomes too large (as determined by the underwriter) to accommodate the securities of the holder, in which case the accounts of all persons with shares to be included in the offering may be reduced pro rata.

        In connection with the closing of the Credit Facility, the Company paid a broker $200,000 in cash and issued to the broker warrants to acquire 125,000 shares of Company common stock for an exercise price of $4.00 per share as commission. The holder of the warrants was also granted "piggyback" registration rights similar to the "piggyback" registration rights discussed in the prior paragraph. The broker fees have been recorded as deferred financing costs and will be amortized over the life of the Facility. These warrants were fair valued using the Black-Scholes model. The assumptions used to value these warrants are presented below:

Input Variables

   
 
Stock price (at market)   $ 5.02  
Exercise price     4.00  
Term (in yrs)     3.0  
Volatility     36 %
Annual rate of quarterly dividends     0  
Discount rate — bond equivalent yield     3 %

        These warrants were valued at approximately $230,000.

        In connection with the closing of the Facility and pursuant to a Termination Agreement, the Company repaid The Catalyst Fund, Ltd. ("Catalyst") approximately $2.5 million, which represented all amounts outstanding under a Loan Agreement with Catalyst. The Company also repaid JTS Enterprises approximately $0.5 million and repaid Neil Leibman, the Company's Chairman and CEO approximately $125,000 for outstanding loans. The Termination Agreement also terminated the loan documents executed in connection with the Catalyst loan, including a Security Agreement, Consulting Agreement and Registration Rights Agreement.

        In addition, the Company purchased from Catalyst for approximately $1.6 million, warrants to acquire 458,333 shares of the Company's common stock that were granted to Catalyst in connection with the Loan Agreement in order to eliminate the put option contained in such warrants in favor of the holder of such warrants. The Company also amended 91,667 warrants to delete the put option feature. See footnote 10—Put Warrant Obligation.

        Catalyst was granted a "look back" right with respect to the exercise price of the warrants to acquire 458,333 shares of the Company's common stock as follows. In the event the Company consummates within one year, the disposition, by way of a sale, business combination, merger or other transaction by a corporation or other business entity, of all or part of the Company's outstanding capital stock or all or substantially all of the Company's assets (each such transaction being herein called a "Transaction"), and the price per share of the Company's common stock actually received by the Company's shareholders or the Company pursuant to the terms of the Transaction is greater than $4.00, then, upon the consummation of the Transaction, the Company is required to pay Catalyst an amount equal to the product of (a) 458,333 and (b) the difference between (i) the price per share of the Company's common stock actually received by the Company's shareholders or the Company pursuant to the terms of the Transaction and (ii) $4.00.

F-18



        As of December 31, 2004 the Company had available a credit line of $15,000,000 with the Highbridge/Zwirn Opportunities Fund, L.P. with no outstanding borrowings against this line.

        Long-term debt as of December 31, 2004 and 2003 consisted of the following:

 
  December 31,
2004

  December 31,
2003

 
 
  (In thousands)

 
Term loan payable to the Catalyst Fund Ltd., less a discount of $446,384, at 12.5% interest, collateralized by a second lien on all Company assets, payable in quarterly principal installments of $166,667 from January 1, 2004 until April 1, 2008. As of December 31, 2004, this loan has been repaid.   $   $ 2,833  

Term loan payable to JTS Enterprises Inc., less a discount of $110,679, at 12.5% interest, collateralized by a lien on all Company assets subordinate to the term loan with The Catalyst Fund Ltd., payable in quarterly principal installments of $36,111 from January 1, 2004 until April 1, 2008. As of December 31, 2004, this loan has been repaid.

 

 


 

 

614

 

Note payable to officer, unsecured, accruing interest at 6%, principal and accrued interest payable in full on or before May 1, 2006. As of December 31, 2004, this loan has been repaid.

 

 


 

 

100

 
   
 
 
 
Total Debt

 

 


 

 

3,547

 

Less: discount for warrants

 

 


 

 

(557

)
   
 
 

Debt, net of discount

 

 


 

 

2,990

 

Less: current portion

 

 


 

 

(608

)
   
 
 

Long-term debt, net of discount and current portion

 

$


 

$

2,382

 
   
 
 

9.     Commitments and Contingencies

Purchase Commitments

        The Company acquires the forecasted balance of its electricity load needs for resale through advance contract purchases. As of December 31, 2004, the Company had purchase commitments for the future delivery of electricity in the amount of $86.7 million for 2005, and $17.8 for 2006. The Company has no commitments for purchases of electricity beyond December 31, 2006.

 
  Payments due by period
Contractual Obligations

  Total
  Less than 1 year
  1-3 years
  3-5 years
  More than 5 years
 
  (In thousands)

Forward power contracts   $ 104,486   $ 86,698   $ 17,788   $   $
Long-term debt                    
Rent     2,330     383     766     766     415
   
 
 
 
 
  Total   $ 106,816   $ 87,081   $ 18,554   $ 766   $ 415
   
 
 
 
 

F-19


Operating Leases

        At December 31, 2004, the Company's lease commitments included a rental contract through April 2007 for its old corporate offices, and a rental contract through January 2011 on the Company's new corporate offices. Lease expense for the Company was approximately $423,000, $186,000 and $72,000 for the years ended 2004, 2003 and 2002 respectively.

Long-Term Sales Contracts

        The Company serves three categories of customers: commercial customers on long-term contracts, commercial customers on month to month contracts, and residential customers on month-to-month contracts. The Company strives to add long-term purchase commitments to match its long-term sales.

10.   Puttable Warrant Obligation

        SFAS No. 150, Accounting for Certain Financial Instruments with Characteristics of Both Liabilities and Equity, was issued in May 2003 and requires issuers to classify as liabilities (or assets under certain circumstances) free standing financial instruments which, at inception, require or may require an issuer to settle an obligation by transferring assets. SFAS No. 150 was effective for financial instruments entered into or modified after May 31, 2003 and was otherwise effective at the beginning of the first interim period beginning after June 15, 2003.

        SFAS No. 150 required warrants issued under a term loan agreement with The Catalyst Fund Ltd. ("Catalyst") and certain other warrants held by affiliates to be classified as a liability. In January of 2005, the holders of the warrants could have exercised their rights to force the Company to repurchase the 550,000 common shares at the current market price on the common stock, less the warrant exercise price of $1.00. The put feature could have been accelerated by a change of control or a capital offering in excess of $10 million; therefore, the Company could have been forced to purchase up to 550,000 shares of its own common stock at the market price (less the $1 warrant exercise price) on the day the put option is exercised.

        On July 8, 2004, 458,333 of these warrants were repurchased and the remaining 91,667 warrants were amended to delete the put option. At July 8, 2004, our stock closed at $4.75 per share. The decrease in the market price from the valuation at December 31, 2003 based on the close price of $8.50 per share, on December 31, 2003, required us to record a decrease in the value of the puttable warrant obligation of $2.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2004 as other financing income in accordance with SFAS No. 150. An additional $0.7 million in gain on extinguishment of debt was recorded during 2004. We also recorded $0.6 million of write-off of deferred financing cost and $0.3 million of transaction fees to interest expense during fiscal 2004, as a result of the extinguishment of the debt. As a result of the repurchase and amendment of warrants the ongoing income (expense) effect arising from the put option, as described above, will no longer be applicable.

General Contingency

        The Company has established reserves that it believes to be adequate based on current evaluation and its experience in these types of claim situations. Nevertheless, an unexpected outcome in any such case could have a material adverse impact on the Company's results of operations in the period it occurs. Moreover, future adverse developments in such cases could require material changes in the recorded reserve amounts.

11.   Related Party Transactions

        During the twelve months ended December 31, 2004, the Company completed a private placement with Perry Capital, Zimmer Lucas Partners, LLC, Corsair Capital Management and other accredited

F-20



investors. This private placement also included the Company's Chairman, CEO, and President, Neil M. Leibman, selling 750,000 shares of Common Stock. Oppenheimer & Co. Inc. acted as the placement agent for the transaction. See Note 14, Shareholder's Equity for more details on this private placement.

        During the twelve months ended December 31, 2004, the Company repaid Neil Leibman, Chairman and CEO, approximately $125,000 for outstanding loans. Additionally, in connection with repaying and terminating the Catalyst loan, a Consulting Agreement executed in connection with the Catalyst loan was also terminated during this period. Neil Leibman, Chairman, President and CEO, and non-employee directors Bobby Orr, Don Aron and Stuart Gaylor received the amounts due to them under the Consulting Agreement, which were one-time cash payments equal to approximately $9,000, $9,000, $18,000, and $9,000 respectively.

12.   Adjustment of Prior Periods

        As described in Item 7, Management's Discussion and Analysis, subsequent to December 31, 2003, the Company determined that its revenues reported in reports on Form 10-QSB for the three months and year to date ended June 30, 2003 and September 30, 2003 (which were based on the "billings" technique for estimating volumes delivered to customers) did not reflect the consideration of all information available at the time to calculate a reasonable estimate of the Company's revenues in accordance with GAAP as discussed below.

        Until November of 2002, the Company was not a Qualified Scheduling Entity ("QSE"), and therefore did not receive ERCOT supply and delivery volume information with which to estimate electricity volumes delivered to its customers. The only data available to the Company to estimate deliveries to customers and therefore to estimate revenues were the billings sent to customers. The use of actual billings was the most appropriate and conservative technique for the following reasons:


        The billings technique was designed to estimate revenue based on a 30-day period of billing that most closely approximated the flow month to which the revenue was being accrued. The Company assessed meter read cycles, billing dates and the time lag of converting meter reads to customer billings in attempting to determine the billing dates appropriate for estimating monthly revenue. Typically, the 30-day billing period included electricity deliveries that were made on days in the current and subsequent months as meter readings typically cover a thirty day-period, and occur throughout the month based on meter reading cycles performed by the transmission and distribution service provider.

2003

        During 2003, the Company's management used a variety of information to help ensure the accuracy of the estimated revenues, including daily estimates of power flow, knowledge of weather patterns, knowledge of inaccuracies of billing information and/or supply information, and expected power supply resettlements.

F-21


        After the preparation of the third quarter 2003 financial statements, the Company's management began to more fully recognize the limitations of the billings technique, particularly as indicated by the volatility of the quarterly and monthly margin analysis.

        In recognition of these limitations, in November 2003, the Company changed its revenue estimation technique to the "flow" technique. In the latter half of 2003, the Company determined that the market was operating at a point of efficiency that made it possible for the Company to begin accruing revenue based on ERCOT settlements of power deliveries, and given the limitations of the billings technique noted above, the Company chose to change to the flow technique. In addition, by the end of 2003, the Company had sufficient initial settlement and resettlement data from ERCOT to arrive at a reasonable estimate for 2003 revenues assuming that the flow method had been in place since January 1, 2003.

        As described above, the billings technique includes delivered volumes from future months in the month for which volumes are being estimated. In periods of relatively low growth, this characteristic should not have a material effect on the accuracy of the estimation. However, in periods of strong customer growth and utilization, such as occurred during the second half of 2003, including the billings from a future period may overestimate the revenue for the period being reported.

        Additionally, the Company conducted an exhaustive review of the application of the billings technique for January-October 2003, which revealed that during the second and third quarters, the estimated energy revenue appears to be overstated when compared to other methods and information available. This overestimation appears to be the result of much higher power usage of customers in subsequent periods, which were included in the reported period. This resulted in higher reported revenue for the second and third quarters than what should have been accrued.

        Pursuant to applicable accounting guidance, reporting the correction of an error in previously issued financial statements should be reported as a prior period adjustment. The nature of the error in previously issued financial statements and the effect of its correction on income before extraordinary item, net income, and the related per share amount should be disclosed in the period in which the error was discovered and corrected. Since the error was discovered and corrected during the preparation of the 2003 10-KSB, the corrections for the second and third quarter of 2003 are disclosed in the 2003 10-KSB.

        These adjustments resulted in a redistribution of revenues across the second, third, and fourth quarters of 2003. Cash flow for the second, third, and fourth quarters of 2003 was not affected by these changes.

        Information regarding the adjustments is provided below as it relates to changes in the Statement of Operations, specifically for adjusted sales, income from operations, net income available to common shareholders and net income (loss) per share for the three months and year-to-date periods ending June 30, 2003 and September 30, 2003.

F-22


Three months ended June 30, 2003

  As Reported
Previously

  As Adjusted
 
 
  (In thousands, except per share amounts)

 
Sales   $ 23,516   $ 21,448  
Income (loss) from operations     1,583     (31 )
Net Income (loss) available to common shareholders     937     (80 )
Basic net income (loss) per share     0.12     (0.01 )
Diluted net income (loss) per share   $ 0.11   $ (0.01 )

Six months ended June 30, 2003


 

As Reported
Previously


 

As Adjusted


 
Sales   $ 36,436   $ 34,368  
Income (loss) from operations     1,197     (417 )
Net Income (loss) available to common shareholders     678     (340 )
Basic net income (loss) per share     0.09     (0.04 )
Diluted net income (loss) per share   $ 0.09   $ (0.04 )

Three months ended September 30, 2003


 

As Reported
Previously


 

As Adjusted

Sales   $ 41,690   $ 39,644
Income from operations     3,664     2,046
Net Income available to common shareholders     2,027     1,006
Basic net income per share     0.27     0.13
Diluted net income per share   $ 0.25   $ 0.13

Nine months ended September 30, 2003


 

As Reported
Previously


 

As Adjusted

Sales   $ 78,127   $ 74,012
Income from operations     4,861     1,629
Net Income available to common shareholders     2,769     732
Basic net income per share     0.36     0.10
Diluted net income per share   $ 0.36   $ 0.10

F-23


13.   Earnings Per Share

        Basic earnings per share is computed based on weighted average shares outstanding and excludes dilutive securities. Diluted earnings per share are computed including the impacts of all potentially dilutive securities. The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted earnings per share for the years ended December 31, 2004, 2003 and 2002:

 
  December 31, 2004
  December 31, 2003
  December 31, 2002
 
 
  (In thousands)

 
Numerator:                    
  Net Income (loss)   $ 8,182   $ (2,196 ) $ 640  
  Preferred stock dividend         (167 )   (50 )
   
 
 
 
    Net Income (loss) available to common stockholders   $ 8,182   $ (2,363 ) $ 590  
   
 
 
 

Denominator:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
  Basic weighted average shares outstanding     8,606     7,647     7,328  
  Effect of dilutive securities:                    
    Stock options issued to employees and directors     1,054         187  
    Warrants issued for services     175          
    Assumed conversion of convertible preferred stock             474  
   
 
 
 
    Adjusted weighted average shares outstanding     9,835     7,647     7,989  
   
 
 
 

Basic earnings (loss) per share

 

$

0.95

 

$

(0.31

)

$

0.08

 
Diluted earnings (loss) per share     0.83     (0.31 )   0.07  

        For the twelve months ended December 31, 2004, there were no common share equivalents that would have been anti-dilutive and therefore not used in the computation of diluted weighted average shares.

        For the twelve months ended December 31, 2003, there were 754,378 common share equivalents that would have been anti-dilutive and are therefore not used in the computation of diluted weighted average shares.

        For the twelve months ended December 31, 2002, there were 685 common share equivalents that would have been anti-dilutive and are therefore not used in the computation of diluted weighted average shares.

14.   Shareholder's Equity

Stock Options & Stock Warrants

        During the twelve months ended, 2004, the Company, in connection with the closing of the Highbridge/Zwirn Credit Facility, issued warrants to purchase 125,000 shares of Company common stock as a commission to Prospect Street Ventures Ltd. for an exercise price of $4.00 per share. In addition, the Company, also in connection with the closing of the Highbridge/Zwirn Credit Facility, issued to Highbridge/Zwirn Special Opportunities Fund, L.P. warrants to purchase 150,000 shares of Company common stock for an exercise price of $4.00.

        During the twelve months ended December 31, 2004, the Company entered into a Severance Agreement with James Burke, the Company's former President and Chief Operating Officer. As part of his exit from the Company, if there is a "change of control" as defined in his severance agreement on or before December 31, 2005, options for Mr. Burke to purchase an additional 116,667 shares of

F-24



common stock will vest. If the change in control does not occur on or before December 31, 2005, the 116,667 option shares of the Company's common stock will not vest and will thus be cancelled.

        During the twelve months ended December 31, 2004, the Board of Directors, subject to shareholder approval, adopted the 2004 Incentive Plan, which provides for the issuance of up to 1.5 million shares of common stock pursuant to incentive awards under the plan. During the twelve months ended December 31, 2004, 930,000 options were issued to officers and employees and 100,000 options were issued to non-employee directors under the 2004 Incentive Plan. These options were issued with exercise prices ranging from $4.50 to $5.51. See the stock option table below for detailed weighted average share information.

        During the twelve months ended December 31, 2004, the Company negotiated an agreement to settle a lawsuit with Cappello Capital Corp. The settlement involves in part the issuance of 400,000 warrants with an exercise price of $4.50 to Cappello Capital Corp.

        The assumptions used to value these warrants are presented below:

Input Variables

   
 
Stock price (at market)   $ 4.05  
Exercise price   $ 4.50  
Term (in yrs)     3.0  
Volatility     36 %
Annual rate of quarterly dividends   $ 0  
Discount rate — bond equivalent yield     3 %

        These 400,000 warrants were valued at approximately $390,000.

        During the twelve months ended December 31, 2004, the Company completed a private placement with Perry Capital, Zimmer Lucas Partners, LLC, Corsair Capital Management and other accredited investors of 175,000 equity units at $43.00 per Unit for aggregate gross proceeds of $7,525,000. Each unit sold in the Private Placement consisted of 10 shares of the Company's common stock, $0.1 par value and three 5-year warrants to purchase 1 share of the Company's common stock. In total, the Company sold 1,000,000 shares of common stock and 525,000 warrants, and Neil M. Leibman, the Company's Chairman and CEO sold 750,000 shares of common stock. Oppenheimer & Co. Inc. acted as the placement agent for the transaction. These warrants were issued to the accredited investors mentioned above and to Oppenheimer & Co. Inc. These warrants were fair valued using the Black-Scholes model. The assumptions used to value these warrants, are presented below:

        The assumptions used to value these warrants are presented below:

Input Variables

   
 
Stock price (at market)   $ 4.25  
Exercise price   $ 5.59  
Term (in yrs)     3  
Volatility     36 %
Annual rate of quarterly dividends   $ 0  
Discount rate — bond equivalent yield     3 %

        These 525,000 warrants were valued at approximately $400,000.

F-25



        Stock option activity for the years ended December 31, 2002, 2003, and 2004 is set forth below:

 
   
   
  Weighted Average Per Share
 
  Number of
Options

  Option Price Range
Per Share

  Exercise
Price

  Grant Date
Fair Value

Options outstanding at December 31, 2001   600,000   $1.50 – $1.50   $ 1.50   $ 1.38
  Granted   250,000     2.00 –  2.00     2.00     1.70
  Exercised            
  Canceled            
   
 
 
 

Options outstanding at December 31, 2002

 

850,000

 

  1.50 –  2.00

 

 

1.65

 

 

1.47
  Granted   1,000,000     1.00 –  2.25     1.89     1.80
  Exercised            
  Canceled   (300,000 )   1.50 –  1.50     1.50     1.38
   
 
 
 

Options outstanding at December 31, 2003

 

1,550,000

 

  1.00 –  2.25

 

 

1.83

 

 

1.70
  Granted   1,030,000     4.35 –  5.51     4.67     1.39
  Exercised            
  Canceled   (100,000 )   4.35 –  4.35     4.35     1.39
   
 
 
 

Options outstanding at December 31, 2004

 

2,480,000

 

  1.00 –  5.51

 

 

2.91

 

 

1.59
  Exercisable at December 31, 2002   600,000                
   
               
  Exercisable at December 31, 2003   942,000                
   
               
  Exercisable at December 31, 2004   1,466,800                
   
               

        The weighted average characteristics of stock options outstanding as of December 31, 2004 were as follows:

Range of Exercise Prices

  Number of Shares
Outstanding

  Average Remaining
Contractual Life
(Yrs.)

  Shares
Exercisable

  Weighted Average
Exercise Price

$1.00 – $1.50   650,000   1.4   650,000   $1.50
$2.00 – $2.25   900,000   2.7   775,050   $2.10
$4.56 – $5.51   930,000   10.0   41,750   $4.70

 
 
 
 
$1.00 – $5.51   2,480,000   5.09   1,466,800   $2.91

 
 
 
 

        The fair value of each option grant is estimated on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model with the following weighted average assumptions used for options issued in 2002 and 2003: risk-free interest rate of 3.0% for 2003 and 3% for 2004; expected lives of three years, assumed volatility of 124% for 2003 and 36-176% for 2004; and no expected dividends.

F-26



        Stock warrant activity is set forth below:

 
   
   
  Weighted Average Per Share
 
  Number of
Warrants

  Warrant Price Range
Per Share

  Exercise
Price

  Grant Date
Fair Value

Warrants outstanding at December 31, 2001   $   $—   $   $
  Granted     100,000   1.25 – 1.25     1.25     2.29
  Exercised              
  Canceled              
   
 
 
 

Warrants outstanding at December 31, 2002

 

 

100,000

 

1.25 – 1.25

 

 

1.25

 

 

2.29
  Granted     931,000   1.00 – 1.00     1.00     1.60
  Exercised              
  Canceled     (300,000 ) 1.00 – 1.00     1.00     1.51
   
 
 
 

Warrants outstanding at December 31, 2003

 

 

731,000

 

1.00 – 1.25

 

 

1.03

 

 

1.73
  Granted     1,359,250   4.00 – 6.02     5.00     1.01
  Exercised     (199,334 ) 1.00 – 1.25     1.13     1.97
  Canceled              
  Repurchased     (458,333 ) 1.00 – 1.00     1.00     1.64
   
 
 
 

Warrants outstanding at December 31, 2004

 

 

1,432,583

 

1.00 – 6.02

 

 

4.79

 

 

1.04
   
               
 
Exercisable at December 31, 2002

 

 

100,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
   
               
 
Exercisable at December 31, 2003

 

 

731,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
   
               
 
Exercisable at December 31, 2004

 

 

1,432,583

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
   
               

        The weighted average characteristics of stock warrants outstanding as of December 31, 2004 were as follows:

Range of Exercise Prices

  Number of Shares
Outstanding

  Average Remaining
Contractual Life
(Yrs.)

  Shares
Exercisable

  Weighted Average
Exercise Price

$1.00 – $1.25   73,333   0.6   73,333   $1.00
$4.00 – $6.02   1,359,250   4.8   1,359,250   $5.00
   
 
 
 
    1,432,583   4.6   1,432,583   $4.80
   
 
 
 

F-27


15.   Income Taxes

        The provision for income taxes consisted of the following for the years presented below:

 
  December 31, 2004
  December 31, 2003
  December 31, 2002
 
 
  (In thousands)

 
Current:                    
  Federal   $ 3,649   $ 1,357   $ 368  
  State     521     119      
Deferred benefit     (136 )   (554 )   (37 )
   
 
 
 

Total income tax expense

 

$

4,034

 

$

922

 

$

331

 
   
 
 
 

        The deferred tax asset at December 31, 2004 and 2003 respectively was comprised of the following:

 
  2004
  2003
 
  Current
  Non Current
  Current
  Non Current
 
  (In thousands)

Allowance for bad debts   $ 827   $   $ 442   $
Unamortized billings     21     21     16    
Restricted stock grant     (10 )          
Capitalized labor         (44 )       48
Capitalized software         (11 )      
Former officers options         244         244
Related party interest     3            
Investment in partnership         5        
Depreciation         (170 )      
   
 
 
 
Total deferred tax assets   $ 841   $ 45   $ 458   $ 292
   
 
 
 

        The differences between income taxes computed for federal taxes at 34% from the provision for income taxes for the years ended, December 31, 2004, 2003, and 2002 are as follows:

 
  2004
  2003
  2002
 
Earnings (loss) before income taxes   $ 12,216   $ (1,274 ) $ 971  

Federal statutory rate

 

 

34

%

 

34

%

 

34

%
   
 
 
 

Income tax expense (benefit) at statutory rate

 

$

4,153

 

$

(433

)

$

330

 

Net addition (reduction) in taxes resulting from:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

State income taxes, net of federal income tax benefit

 

$

344

 

$

78

 

$


 
Other financing expense (income)     (701 )   1,342      
Penalties and interest     311          
Other, net     (73 )   (65 )   1  
   
 
 
 
 
Total

 

$

(119

)

$

1,355

 

$

1

 
   
 
 
 

Income tax expense

 

$

4,034

 

$

922

 

$

331

 
   
 
 
 

F-28


16.   Employee Benefits

        The Company offers a preferred provider health plan to all full-time employees after the first month of full time service. The Company pays for 75% of the employee's coverage, with the employee responsible for the remaining 25% plus any expenses for added family members. The Company also offers dental insurance at employee expense and a defined contribution plan, both of which become available after one month of full time service. The defined contribution plan is available to all employees. At this time, the Company is not offering matching contributions pursuant to the defined contribution plan.

17.   Legal Proceedings

        During 2003, we were sued in the matter of Kyle Holland vs. Gexa Corp. et al. in the United States District Court, Western District of Texas. Mr. Holland alleged damages in connection with his acquisition of our common stock. The complaint seeks unspecified damages. On March 15, 2005, this case was dismissed without prejudice for failure to state a claim. While this lawsuit could be refiled at a later date, we believe the lawsuit has no merit and will vigorously defend any such refiled action.

        On July 15, 2004, a class action lawsuit Frederick T. Pappey, et al. vs. Gexa Corp., Neil Leibman, Marcie Zlotnik and Sarah Veach, Civil Action No. H-04-2869, was filed in the United States District Court for the Southern District of Texas, Houston District. The complaint alleges, among other things, that our publicly filed reports and public statements contained false and misleading information, which resulted in damages to the plaintiff and members of the proposed class when they purchased our securities. Specifically, the complaint alleges that we overstated revenue during the second and third quarters of 2003 by $2.07 million and $2.05 million, respectively, by utilizing an improper accounting method for calculating sales of electric power. The complaint alleges that our conduct and the conduct of the other defendants violated Sections 10(b) and 10b-5 and that the individual defendants violated Section 20(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. The complaint seeks unspecified damages. On December 20, 2004, the lawsuit was dismissed without prejudice. While this lawsuit could be refiled at a later date, we believe the lawsuit has no merit and will vigorously defend any such refiled action.

        On November 30, 2004, we entered into a settlement with Cappello Capital Corp. ("Cappello") relating to the matter of Cappello Capital Corp. vs. Gexa Corp, originally filed in the Los Angeles Superior Court-West District. Wapello's complaint had alleged a breach of contract regarding investment banker fees being claimed by Cappello in connection with the credit facility with Highbridge/Zwirn Special Opportunities Fund, L.P. In exchange for Wapello's agreement to dismiss the lawsuit and release its claims against us, we agreed to: (i) pay Cappello $275,000, (ii) issue to Cappello warrants dated November 1, 2004, to purchase 400,000 shares of our common stock at an exercise price of $4.50 per share and (iii) issue to Cappello an interest free unsecured promissory note in the principal amount of $500,000. We accrued $1.2 million in the third quarter of 2004 in investment banking charges to other assets as deferred financing cost to be amortized over the life of the Highbridge facility.

        On December 2, 2004, we were sued in the matter of Essential Utilities Corporation v. Gexa Energy Corp., Cause No. 04-12056, in the 191st District Court of Dallas County, Texas. The petition alleges breach of contract, quantum meruit, conversion and unjust enrichment in connection with the alleged nonpayment of consultation fees. The amount of the claim is unknown. This case is in the preliminary stages and we intend to contest this suit vigorously.

        On January 31, 2005, a lawsuit styled Griffin/Juban Capital Management, L.L.C. d/b/a GC Realty Services v. Gexa Corporation was filed in the 11th Judicial District Court of Harris County, Texas. This lawsuit claims that we agreed to provide Continental Airlines frequent flyer miles to the plaintiff in turn for doing business with us. The plaintiff has sued us for breach of contract, fraud and negligent

F-29



misrepresentation. The amount of damages sought in the lawsuit is unknown. This case is in the preliminary stages and we intend to contest this suit vigorously.

        On or about February 11, 2005, we were made aware of a potential lawsuit that may be filed by Prenova, Inc. and 24 Hour Fitness USA, Inc. against us and XERS, Inc. d/b/a XCEL Energy, Inc. The proposed complaint claims that we failed to timely provide electrical service to 24 Hour Fitness and, as a result, they incurred substantial damages in the form of significantly higher rates for several months in 2004. The plaintiffs claim damages in the amount of $150,000.00 plus interest and attorneys' fees. If filed, we intend to contest this suit vigorously.

        We are also involved in various receivable collections matters as a plaintiff. We believe that there are no pending matters that will have a significant impact on our financial position or results of operations.

18.   Concentration of Credit Risk

        For the fiscal years ended December 31, 2004 and 2003, the Company has a credit support agreement with TXU that allows the Company to purchase power from TXU or other third party suppliers.

        As of December 31, 2004, the Company has secured numerous large commercial customers: however none is of sufficient size to have a significant negative impact on our cash flow or ability to continue operations in the event of default, refusal to pay, or undue delay in payment. For the years ended December 31, 2004 and 2003, no single customer accounted for more than 3% of revenues. All of the Company's customers were located in Texas for the years ended December 31, 2004, 2003, and 2002.

19.   Subsequent Events (unaudited)

Merger

        On March 28, 2005 the Company and FPL Group, Inc., a Florida corporation ("FPL Group"), announced the execution of an Agreement and Plan of Merger, dated as of March 28, 2005 (the "Merger Agreement"), by and among FRM Holdings, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company ("FRM Holdings"), WPRM Acquisition Subsidiary, Inc., a Texas corporation and a wholly owned subsidiary of Holdings ("WPRM"), FPL Group and the Company, pursuant to which, subject to the satisfaction or waiver of the conditions therein, WPRM will merge with and into the Company (the "Merger"). As a result of the Merger, the Company will become an indirect wholly owned subsidiary of FPL Group. The Merger is intended to qualify as a tax-free reorganization under Section 368(a) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended.

        At the effective time of the Merger (the "Effective Time"), each share of Company common stock issued and outstanding immediately prior to the Effective Time (other than treasury shares) will be cancelled and automatically convert into the right to receive $6.88, payable in shares of validly issued, fully paid and non-assessable shares of FPL Group common stock, based on an exchange ratio equal to the quotient (rounded to four decimal points) obtained by dividing $6.88 by the average of the daily closing sale prices of FPL Group common stock for the 10 consecutive trading days ending on the third business day (including such third business day) immediately prior to the closing date. In addition, at the Effective Time, each option and warrant to purchase shares of Company common stock outstanding immediately prior to the Effective Time will be assumed by FPL Group and converted into the right to purchase shares of FPL Group common stock with corresponding adjustments to the exercise price based upon the foregoing exchange ratio, but otherwise will remain unchanged except that vesting of the options will be accelerated at the Effective Time.

F-30



        Simultaneously with the execution of the Merger Agreement, certain directors and officers of the Company holding approximately 36% of the outstanding Company common stock, including its Chairman and CEO, entered into a Voting Agreement with FPL Group, pursuant to which, they agreed to vote their shares of Company common stock in favor of the Merger, the Merger Agreement and the transactions contemplated thereby. In the event that such directors and officers fail to so vote, the Voting Agreement provides for the grant proxies to FPL Group to vote and otherwise act with respect to such shares of Company common stock at any meeting of shareholders or consent in lieu of any such meeting or otherwise, on the Merger, the Merger Agreement and the transactions contemplated thereby.

        The Company has made customary representations and warranties and covenants in the Merger Agreement, including among others (i) to conduct its businesses in the ordinary course between the execution of the Merger Agreement and the consummation of the Merger, (ii) to cause a meeting of the Company's shareholders to be held to consider the adoption of the Merger Agreement, (iii) subject to certain exceptions, for the Company's board of directors to recommend that the Company's shareholders adopt and approve the Merger Agreement, and (iv) subject to certain exceptions, not to (A) solicit proposals relating to alternative business combination transactions or (B) enter into discussions concerning or provide information in connection with alternative business combination transactions.

        Consummation of the Merger is subject to customary conditions, including, among others, (i) approval of the Company's shareholders, (ii) expiration or termination of the applicable Hart-Scott-Rodino Act waiting period, (iii) approval by the Commission of Texas (the "PUCT") of an amendment application regarding the change of ownership of the Company with respect to its retail electric provider license and, if required by the PUCT, of an application for recertification, (iv) absence of any order or injunction prohibiting the consummation of the Merger, (v) the Company having $13.5 million of Working Capital (as defined in the Merger Agreement) as of month end not ending more than 60 days prior to closing, (vi) subject to certain exceptions, the accuracy of representations and warranties with respect to the Company's or FPL Group's business, as applicable, and (vii) receipt of customary tax opinions. The Merger Agreement contains certain termination rights and provides that, upon the termination of the Merger Agreement under specified circumstances, the Company will be required to pay FPL Group a termination fee of $3.25 million.

        The foregoing description of the Merger Agreement does not purport to be complete and is qualified in its entirety by reference to the full text of the Merger Agreement, included as Exhibit 2.2 in this 10-K and incorporated herein by reference.

        The Company also amended the Amended and Restated Employment Agreement, dated as of October 28, 2004, between the Company and Neil M. Leibman, the Company's Chairman and CEO (the "Employment Agreement"), to exclude the consummation of the Merger and the other transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement from certain payments he would otherwise be entitled to receive in the event of a change in control transaction. The foregoing description of the amendment to the Employment Agreement does not purport to be complete and is qualified in its entirety by reference to the full text of the amendment to the Employment Agreement, included as Exhibit 10.20 to this 10-K and incorporated herein by reference.

        At the Effective Time, Mr. Leibman will be employed by the Company as its President, and will be compensated pursuant to a new Employment Agreement with the Company, and the Employment Agreement, as amended by the amendment to the Employment Agreement, will automatically be terminated.

F-31



Controls and Procedures

        We have also recently undertaken certain changes in our disclosure controls and procedures in connection with a material weakness letter we received from our independent auditors, Hein & Associates, LLP on March 25, 2005. Further information regarding these changes is set forth in Gexa's proxy statement/prospectus on Form S-4 in the section entitled "Business of Gexa—Management Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operation—Subsequent Events".

20.   Consolidated Quarterly Data (Unaudited)

 
  Fiscal 2004
 
  First
Quarter

  Second
Quarter

  Third
Quarter

  Fourth
Quarter

  Total
Year

 
  (In thousands, except per share data)

Sales   $ 50,513   $ 62,025   $ 86,781   $ 74,575   $ 273,894
Gross profit     7,365     8,073     10,196     10,054     35,688

Net earnings from operations

 

 

2,664

 

 

2,409

 

 

2,794

 

 

3,677

 

 

11,544
Net earnings   $ 3,492   $ 1,659   $ 1,057   $ 1,974   $ 8,182
   
 
 
 
 

Net earnings per share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Basic   $ 0.42   $ 0.20   $ 0.12   $ 0.22   $ 0.95
   
 
 
 
 
Diluted   $ 0.37   $ 0.17   $ 0.11   $ 0.19   $ 0.83
   
 
 
 
 

 


 

Fiscal 2003


 
 
  First
Quarter

  Second
Quarter

  Third
Quarter

  Fourth
Quarter

  Total
Year

 
 
  (In thousands, except per share data)

 
Sales   $ 12,920   $ 21,448   $ 39,644   $ 41,131   $ 115,143  
Gross profit     1,272     2,584     5,706     5,884     15,446  

Net earnings (loss) from operations

 

 

(386

)

 

(31

)

 

2,046

 

 

1,155

 

 

2,784

 
Net earnings (loss) available to common shareholders   $ (301 ) $ (80 ) $ 1,007   $ (2,989 ) $ (2,363 )
   
 
 
 
 
 

Basic

 

$

(.04

)

$

(.01

)

$

0.13

 

$

(0.39

)

$

(0.31

)
   
 
 
 
 
 
Diluted   $ (.04 ) $ (.01 ) $ 0.13   $ (0.39 ) $ (0.31 )
   
 
 
 
 
 

F-32



REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

To the Board of Directors and Shareholders
Gexa Corp.
Houston, Texas

        We have audited in accordance with auditing standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), the consolidated financial statements of Gexa Corp. included in this Form 10-K and have issued our report thereon dated March 25, 2005. Our audits were made for the purpose of forming an opinion on the basic financial statements taken as a whole. The financial statement schedule listed below (Schedule II—Valuation and Qualifying Accounts) is the responsibility of the Company's management and is presented for the purpose of complying with the Securities and Exchange Commission's rules and is not part of the basic financial statements. The financial statement schedule has been subjected to the auditing procedures applied in the audits of the basic financial statements and, in our opinion, is fairly stated in all material respects with the financial data required to be set forth therein in relation to the basic financial statements taken as a whole.



/s/  HEIN & ASSOCIATES LLP      
HEIN & ASSOCIATES LLP
   

Houston, Texas
March 25, 2005

F-33



Gexa Corp.
Schedule II — Reserves
For the Three Years Ended December 31, 2004
(In Thousands)

Description

  Balance at
Beginning of
Period

  Charged to
Income

  Deductions
from
Reserves

  Balance at
End of Period

For The Year Ended December 31, 2004:                        
  Accumulated provisions:                        
    Allowance for doubtful accounts   $ 1,300   $ 7,052   $ (5,919 ) $ 2,433
    Reserves for severance     50     54     (104 )  
For The Year Ended December 31, 2003:                        
  Accumulated provisions:                        
    Allowance for doubtful accounts     326     3,900     (2,926 )   1,300
    Reserves for severance         50         50
For The Year Ended December 31, 2002:                        
  Accumulated provisions:                        
    Allowance for doubtful accounts         679     (353 )   326
    Reserves for severance                

F-34



ANNEX A

AGREEMENT AND PLAN OF MERGER

among

FPL GROUP, INC.

FRM HOLDINGS, LLC